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US News Nagasaki collects, 75 years after the atomic bomb

09:15  09 august  2020
09:15  09 august  2020 Source:   france24.com

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It is 75 years since the US dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August, leading to the end of image captionThe devastated city of Hiroshima after the atomic bomb blast. The article contains graphic images and details some people may find upsetting.

Today marks the 75 th anniversary of one of the most terrible war crimes ever carried out by imperialism against a defenseless civilian population, the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Just three days later, a US bomber dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki , killing another 40,000 outright.

Cérémonie du 75e anniversaire de la bombe atomique de Nagasaki, le 9 août 2020 © JAPAN POOL VIA JIJI PRESS Ceremony of the 75th anniversary of the atomic bomb of Nagasaki, August 9, 2020

The Japanese city of Nagasaki marked the 75th anniversary of its destruction on Sunday by an atomic bomb, during a ceremony whose scale had been reduced due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Three days after the dropping of the "Little Boy" bomb on Hiroshima, Nagasaki was in turn devastated on August 9, 1945 by nuclear fire.

These two bombs of a destructive power unprecedented at the time brought Japan to its knees: on August 15, 1945, Emperor Hirohito announced to his subjects the surrender to the Allies, thus signing the end of the Second War global.

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MOSCOW (Sputnik) – Thursday marks 75 years since the US military launched the world's first atomic bomb attack on Japan's city of Hiroshima and three Ultimately, the US nation became the first to use nuclear weapons against an enemy target. Japan surrendered six days after the Nagasaki tragedy

After the bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, the United States planned to drop the next atomic weapon on August 10, but an extended cloudy forecast meant they had to move more quickly. In the 75 years since the attack, Nagasaki has been rebuilt and is once again a flourishing port.

Des lanternes renfermant des messages de paix déposées sur le site de la bombe atomique de Nagasaki, le 8 août 2020 © Philip FONG Lanterns containing messages of peace placed at the Nagasaki atomic bomb site, August 8, 2020

Sunday morning, a mass was said in memory of the victims at the Urakami Church, near the site of the explosion, while other residents participated in a ceremony in the Peace Park.

The number of people authorized to attend had been reduced by 90% compared to the figure for previous years. Those who wished could, however, follow the commemorations live on television.

Pendant la cérémonie du 75e anniversaire du bombardement atomique de Nagasaki, le 9 août 2020 © Philip FONG During the 75th anniversary ceremony of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 2020

Terumi Tanaka, 88, who was 13 on the day of the bombing, still remembers when everything went white in a flash of light.

- "Terrible injuries" -

"I have seen a lot of people with burns and terrible wounds evacuating already dead people to a primary school transformed into a refuge", recently confided to AFP Mr. Tanaka , who lost two aunts that day.

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The atomic bomb , and nuclear bombs , are powerful weapons that use nuclear reactions as their source of explosive energy. Tsutomu Yamaguchi was preparing to leave Hiroshima when the atomic bomb fell. The 29- year -old naval engineer was on a three-month-long business trip for his employer

Thousands were killed after the first atomic bomb was unleashed on civilians. The last generation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki survivors have called for the abolition of nuclear bombs . Called the "hibakusha", meaning "person affected by the bomb ," they hope their message will outlive them.

The survivors "think that the world must give up nuclear weapons because we do not want the younger generations to experience the same thing", he explained, while worrying about the excess of confidence of the population, convinced according to him that an atomic bomb can never be dropped again.

Cartes du bombardement atomique de Nagasaki le 9 août 1954 et éléments sur la bombe © STAFF Maps of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on August 9, 1954 and information on the

bomb "Human beings have around 13,000 atomic bombs today. How can we allow that?"

"People think we'll never use it again. But you never know, you never know."

These ceremonies come as concerns over North Korean nuclear programs remain, and relations continue to sour between Washington and Beijing.

The atomic bomb killed around 140,000 people in Hiroshima. Many victims were killed instantly, and many more also died from their injuries or from radiation in the weeks and months that followed.

The second American A-bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, killed 74,000 more.

Historians, however, continue to debate whether this double nuclear attack actually saved more lives by hastening the end of the conflict.

The nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are considered by many to be war crimes, given the unprecedented scale of their devastation and the large number of civilian casualties.

The United States has never officially apologized. But in 2016, Barack Obama became the first sitting US president to visit Hiroshima, where he paid tribute to the victims and called for a world without nuclear weapons.

kh / jac / rock

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