•   
  •   

US News MAINTENANCE. Twenty years ago the Kursk sank

23:05  13 august  2020
23:05  13 august  2020 Source:   ouest-france.fr

Cheap alcohol kills in India

 Cheap alcohol kills in India © AFP / NARINDER NANU Adulterated alcohol is sold cheaply in India, killing 98 people in Punjab in recent days. 98 people have died after consuming adulterated alcohol in a northern state. About a thousand people die each year in India due to smuggled alcohol according to the National Crimes Records Bureau. In recent days, 98 people have died in Punjab, a region in northwest India, after drinking illegally produced alcohol.

Cent-huit marins ont péri dans l’explosion du Koursk, il y a vingt ans. © Reuters One hundred and eight sailors were killed in the explosion of the Kursk twenty years ago.

One hundred and eight sailors lost their lives in the explosion of the most modern Russian submarine on August 12, 2000. Alexandre Sheldon-Duplaix, specialist in the Russian navy, looks back on this tragic episode.

Three questions to Alexandre Sheldon-Duplaix, co-author of Combat fleets and specialist in the Russian navy.

What happened on board the nuclear submarine Kursk, August 12, 2000?

Official investigation determined that a 65-76A exercise torpedo, powered by hydrogen peroxide, exploded due to a hydrogen peroxide leak. The explosion, causing an waterway, would have been followed by that of the combat torpedoes. This second, more violent explosion wiped out compartments 1, 2, 3 of the submarine and damaged the following compartments 4, 5 and 5 bis, immediately killing all the sailors there.

One year later, Jammu and Kashmir kept under bell by New Delhi

 One year later, Jammu and Kashmir kept under bell by New Delhi © Dar Yasin In Srinagar, in Kashmir under Indian control, Wednesday. Twelve months after India's abrogation of the region's autonomy statute, thousands of opponents remain in prison and the population is still under restrictions. The scene only lasts a few seconds. It is July 30, 2019, and Saifuddin Soz, one of the leaders of the Kashmir Congress Party and former federal minister, pokes his head over the wall of his home in Srinagar, the regional capital.

Alexandre Sheldon-Duplaix est coauteur de « Flottes de combat » et spécialiste de la marine russe. © DR Alexandre Sheldon-Duplaix is ​​a co-author of “Combat fleets” and a specialist in the Russian Navy.

There are certainly divergent hypotheses, such as the one which attributes the second explosion to the impact of the Kursk with the bottom at -112 m; another evokes a collision with an American submarine. A French documentary which advances an American torpedoing seems, for its part, a pure fiction ...

Why have we not succeeded in saving lives?

Most of the sailors were killed in the two explosions. Only the rear compartments were spared. Twenty-three sailors were able to take refuge in compartment 9. They survived there between 24 and 36 hours, manifested by blows on the hull, while all attempts to tie Russian life-saving appliances to the aft airlock of the Kursk failed. The poor condition of the equipment and the lack of training seem to explain it.

Sick beets: the government wants to allow the use of a banned insecticide

 Sick beets: the government wants to allow the use of a banned insecticide Beet growers have been warning for several weeks about the situation of the sugar industry, which they say is helpless in the face of green aphids. © REUTERS / Pascal Rossignol The sugar beet harvest in Hauts-de-France, October 2018. The government wants to allow sugar beet growers to use, "under strictly supervised conditions", an insecticide banned since 2018 in order to protect their crops from green aphids, vectors of the jaundice virus.

NATO offered to help, but Russia refused at first. A lawyer for the victims believes that if the authorities had immediately accepted foreign aid, the sailors could have been saved. However, given the time required for such an intervention, this seems doubtful.

Could a similar tragedy happen again today?

Anytime! A submarine is a blind device that concentrates risks associated with explosives, propulsion machinery and diving. Since the Kursk, there have been more than thirty accidents aboard submarines, four of which, quite serious, concern Russia.

What has changed is responsiveness and international solidarity. Following the loss of the Kursk, an International Liaison Office for the Evacuation and Rescue of Submarines was created by NATO in 2003. For its part, Russia built four rescue vessels and trains with China, which has the English LR-5 life-saving craft.

Here are the subjects on the program of the meeting between Macron and Merkel in Brégançon Thursday .
© Reuters Emmanuel Macron meets German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Thursday in Brégançon. Here are the 5 themes that will be on the program. This is an important working visit which will be held informally in Brégançon on Thursday as part of the summer residence of the Presidency of the Republic. Angela Merkel has only four months to make a success of her European presidency, which began on July 1, and she cannot do so without the help of her first ally, France.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks
usr: 0
This is interesting!