US News Coronavirus. China, United States shun WHO vaccine access scheme

22:00  21 september  2020
22:00  21 september  2020 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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COVAX, the vaccines pillar of the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator, is co-led by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, and the World Health Organization ( WHO ) – working in partnership with developed and developing country vaccine

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More than sixty rich countries, but not China or the United States, have joined the mechanism put in place by the WHO to facilitate poor countries' access to the vaccine against the coronavirus, according to the list published on Monday, September 20 .

While many countries do not have the resources to develop their own vaccines, the World Health Organization announced the launch a few weeks ago, in collaboration with the Vaccine Alliance (Gavi) , a global access system to the vaccine against Covid-19. Its name: COVAX (Covid-19 Vaccine Global Access; global access to the vaccine against Covid-19).

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China , where the coronavirus began, was also missing on the list of 64 rich nations who joined the so-called COVAX plan to deliver 2 billion vaccine doses round the The scheme would account for about two-thirds of the world population, according to the WHO and GAVI vaccine alliance, which published

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Subsequently, the organization called in late August for countries that can finance themselves to make firm commitments by joining this mechanism by September 18, and to make upfront payments by October 9 at the latest.

"Work with every country in the world"

More than 90 low and middle income countries or entities will join the scheme as well as 64 high income countries, WHO said in a statement. These include the commitments of the European Commission […] on behalf of the 27 EU Member States plus Norway and Iceland.

The United States, who officially confirmed their withdrawal from WHO in early July , are not on the list. Just like China, where the first cases of coronavirus were detected at the end of December 2019.

Asked about the absence of China, the general manager of Gavi, Seth Berkley, simply indicated at a press conference that the Covax's goal is to work with all countries of the world, and that dialogue would continue with Beijing.

Two billion doses by the end of 2021

Our goal is to have 2 billion doses of vaccine by the end of 2021. We are encouraged to see a large number of countries engage in the mechanism COVAX, WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told the media.

WHO and partners will now begin signing formal agreements with vaccine manufacturers to obtain the doses needed to end the acute phase of the pandemic by the end of 2021, WHO said in the press release.

The Covax mechanism is part of the international mechanism created by the UN to accelerate equitable access to tools to fight Covid-19, the ACT Accelerator. The UN, however, received only $ 3 billion of the $ 38 billion requested.

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