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US News Sudan: towards the end of the conflict in Darfur, 17 years later?

01:40  03 october  2020
01:40  03 october  2020 Source:   rfi.fr

The United States pushes Sudan to normalize its relations with Israel

 The United States pushes Sudan to normalize its relations with Israel © Handout / Office of Sudan's Prime Minister / AFP US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok on August 25 in Kharthoum. Khartoum wants to be removed from the US list of states supporting terrorism, but according to the US and Emirati press, Washington wants Sudan to follow the UAE and normalize its relations with the Hebrew state. A Sudanese delegation was in Abu Dhabi on Monday, September 21 to meet with American and Emirati emissaries.

Sudan - Sudan - Conflict in Darfur : A separate conflict that remained unresolved centred on the Tens of thousands of Abyei residents were displaced by the conflict . Days later , when Bashir The conflict resulted in many civilian casualties and widespread displacement of the state’s population.

The transitional government is opting for talks instead of force.

Un enfant soudanais se tient devant son abri au camp de Kalma (sud-Darfour) de l'ONU, le 9 mars 2014. © AFP PHOTO / UNAMID / ALBERT GONZALEZ FARRAN A Sudanese child stands in front of his shelter at the UN's Kalma camp (south Darfur), March 9, 2014.

This October 3, must be signed in Juba, in South Sudan, a historic peace agreement between the Sudanese power and rebel groups, which officially ends nearly 17 years of war in the country. A pre-agreement has already been signed by all parties at the end of August, where negotiations have taken place for over a year. It will therefore be the official signature, theoretically in the presence of several heads of state from the region, representatives of the African Union and the regional organization Igad (Intergovernmental Authority for Development).

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Q&A: Sudan 's Darfur conflict . As many as 300,000 people have died in the conflict . Darfur , which means land of the Fur, has faced many years of tension over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs, and farmers from the Fur, Massaleet and Zaghawa communities.

Sudan : Darfur struggling to recover after 17 years of war - Продолжительность: 2:56 Al Jazeera English 22 021 просмотр. Exclusive report: Investigating massacres in Sudan 's war-torn Darfur region - Продолжительность: 18:05 FRANCE 24 English 4 475 просмотров.

In total, more than ten armed movements from Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile will be present. Among the signatories are important factions, such as the SPLM-Nord (Sudan People's Liberation Movement) of Malik Agar and Yasir Arman, or the SLM (Sudan Liberation Army) of Minni Minawi. These groups have been fighting Khartoum for 17 years.

The main point of this text is that armed groups should be dismantled in exchange for participation in the government and integration of combatants into the regular army. The agreement also addresses the issue of security and justice, including the establishment of a special court to try crimes committed in Darfur.

A positive agreement on the paper

It also provides for the sharing of resources, access to land, and finally the return of more than 2 million displaced people to their land . It took nearly a year of negotiations to arrive at a common text, so deep was the mistrust and the difficult issues. Two major armed movements, however, refused to participate in the discussions but did not completely close the door.

Nagorno-Karabakh: Erdogan flies alongside his Azerbaijani “brother”

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Darfur is a region of Sudan and is predominantly made up of Arab Muslims. When two Darfuri rebel groups launched a rebellion against the Sudanese Government planes bomb rebel positions in West Darfur , turning some areas into no-go zones for aid workers. By the end of the year , the number of

Sudan ’s President Omar Bashir may have declared a country-wide “cessation of hostilities” but in At the end of last month, President Bashir declared an open- ended cessation of hostilities and 12 days “ Conflict -related sexual violence remains a threat to the population in Darfur , especially displaced

This is not the first peace agreement signed by Khartoum and the various armed movements. In the past, several agreements have already failed. But according to political observers, this agreement is more inclusive and more comprehensive.

It really aims to meet the demands of marginalized populations since the independence of Sudan, with provisions such as the participation of these rebel movements in the institutions of the transition. According to researcher Jean-Baptiste Gallopin, from the European Council on Foreign Relations, on paper, the agreement is positive.

► See also: Sudan: historic peace agreement initialed between government and armed groups

Alleged artillery attack on residential area in Azerbaijan .
Despite the ceasefire in the conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region in the Caucasus, the bloodshed apparently continues. In the city of Ganja, in Azerbaijan, a residential building was apparently hit by a rocket. © Umit Bektas / Reuters The destroyed house in Ganja, Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Jeyhun Bayramov wrote on Twitter that at least seven people had been killed in the artillery attack in the country's second largest city.

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