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US News OECD: Corona slows migration

11:10  19 october  2020
11:10  19 october  2020 Source:   dw.com

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The OECD is compiling data, analysis and recommendations on a range of topics to address the emerging health, economic and societal crisis, facilitate co-ordination, and contribute to the necessary global action when confronting this enormous collective challenge.

The OECD said its base-case scenario was for a short-lived but severe downturn, with the focal point for the economic damage in China. Even under its central forecast, the OECD said global growth could shrink in the first quarter. Chinese growth is expected to fall below 5% this year, down from 6.1

The industrialized countries organization sees migrants as harder than average from the pandemic. And migration itself has also decreased significantly. That is bad for both sides.

Provided by Deutsche Welle © picture-alliance / AP Photo / P. Giannakouris Provided by Deutsche Welle

The pandemic and its consequences have changed the lives of people around the world. But migrants are much more affected than other population groups. This is what the OECD found out, the organization for economic cooperation and development in which the western industrialized countries have come together. Migrants have ensured that essential parts of the services of general interest such as health services, retail and delivery services are maintained even under the restrictions. Even at the height of the anti-corona measures with their border closings, governments, for example, made exceptions to the entry of foreign harvest workers, including the federal government in Berlin.

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Organisation for Economic Co - operation and Development ( OECD ). These policies should draw on a broad set of measures, including both labour market and migration policies in order to reduce informal employment and facilitate legal pathways, as well as measures specifically designed to

Tweets about OECD migration OR immigration OR refugees OR refugee OR migrants OR immigrants OR refugeecrisis OR migrantcrisis OR integration. New neighbours, new citizens: migrant integration in Altena, Germany Behind every migration statistic, there are individuals or families starting a new

Ohne Migranten hätte die Logistikbranche ein Problem © picture-alliance / S. Simon Without migrants, the logistics industry would have a problem

Migrants represent, for example, 24 percent of doctors and 16 percent of nurses on average across OECD countries and are therefore at the forefront of the fight against the virus. Due to more direct customer contacts, but also because of the often cramped living conditions, a disproportionately high proportion of migrants has also been infected with Covid-19. Research in a number of OECD countries has shown that the risk of infection among migrants is at least twice as high as that among the long-established population.

Migrants are the first to become unemployed

At the same time, migrants are more affected than others by the economic consequences of the pandemic. Many of them work in gastronomy, in the hotel industry, in tourism - in precisely those areas that are now struggling to survive the most. In the hotel and restaurant industry in the EU as a whole, a quarter of employees come from third countries, twice as many as in the entire economy. The employment contracts in these industries are usually very short-term. Migrants are therefore often the first to be unemployed. Not enough data are yet available, but it is already clear that migrants are hit particularly hard in southern European countries, in Ireland, Sweden, Norway and the USA.

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By exploring the link between international migration and development , the work of OECD Development demonstrates the important gains from migration for migrants themselves, as well as for countries of origin and destination.

EMIGRATION RATES BY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN, SEX AND EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT LEVELS. DIOC-E (RELEASE 3.0) 2000. DIOC-E provides information on persons by country of birth for more than 200 countries of origin, which allows calculation of emigration rates by educational attainment for

Enge am Küchentisch: Nicht jede Familie hat den Platz und die finanziellen Mittel für ein gutes Lernen zuhause © Reuters / L. Nicholson Tightness at the kitchen table: Not every family has the space and the financial means for good learning at home

School closings are an important aspect. Migrant children were and are particularly negatively affected when students study online from home. On average, parents have fewer resources, for example for a computer, less space at home and, due to language difficulties, are usually less able to help their children with homework. Home schooling thus tends to disadvantage migrant children.

Mobile working requires less mobility for people

The pandemic has drastically reduced migration to the OECD countries; according to preliminary estimates by the organization, it halved in the first half of 2020. Border closings, travel restrictions and suspended flight connections have led to this decline. And the OECD doesn't think that will change anytime soon, even if the economy picks up again. One reason for this is that in the course of the pandemic, many face-to-face workplaces have been replaced by mobile workplaces and students are also learning online, meaning that people no longer need as much mobility as they used to be.

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www. oecd .org/els/workingpapers. OECD Working Papers should not be reported as representing the 4. Migration patterns and characteristics change according to regulations and market conditions in With the global crisis, however, expansion of migration flows slowed down in many countries

International migration policies and data. OECD Databases on Migration . Provides tables with recent annual series on migration flows and stocks of foreign-born or foreigners in OECD countries as well as on acquisitions of nationality.

However, there should also be clear effects of Covid-19 in and for the countries of origin. The money transfers from emigrants to their home countries are likely to decline, and job opportunities at home will deteriorate because of the pandemic. And since the traditional destination countries of migrants are now taking stronger action against illegal entry and the legal opportunities for immigration are decreasing, this could trigger frustration in the countries of origin, believes the OECD.

OECD: Corona teaches that we need "the other"

Due to growing unemployment in its member states, the OECD also sees the danger that xenophobia will increase because migrants are perceived as competitors. In some countries there are awareness campaigns to correct false images of migrants as competitors and virus spreaders.

Werden Migranten bei höherer Arbeitslosigkeit als Konkurrenten wahrgenommen? © picture-alliance / dpa / C. Seidel Are migrants perceived as competitors when unemployment is higher?

The OECD sees migration positively as an "integral part of our life" and as something "that unites us". The pandemic in particular, with its isolation and restrictions, taught us, according to Stefano Scarpetta, Director of Employment and Social Affairs at the OECD, "how much we need 'the other'". There is a risk that the pandemic and its consequences will destroy part of the progress made in migration and integration. Governments, on the other hand, should see the integration of migrants as a long-term investment that benefits everyone.

Author: Christoph Hasselbach

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