US News France after the beheading of Samuel Paty: Minister denounces "Islamic left-wing extremism"

20:30  22 october  2020
20:30  22 october  2020 Source:   tagesspiegel.de

Professor beheaded. Demonstrations planned throughout France, many political figures expected

 Professor beheaded. Demonstrations planned throughout France, many political figures expected © DAMIEM MEYER / AFP Already Saturday, several hundred people gathered in Nice or Rennes to denounce an "act of barbarism" and defend "the values ​​of democracy ". Two days after the beheading of a History and Geography professor in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, gatherings are planned in several dozen cities in France this Sunday. Jean-Michel Blanquer, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Olivier Faure are notably expected at Place de la République in Paris.

The mood in France remains heated after the attack on the teacher Samuel Paty. Education Minister Blanquer is now adding fuel to the fire.

In Toulouse wird eine Mohammed-Karikatur aus der Zeitschrift © Photo: imago images / Hans Lucas In Toulouse, a Mohammed caricature from the magazine "Charlie Hebdo" is projected onto the wall of the town hall.

The autumn holidays are currently in France. But when school starts again at the beginning of November, many teachers want to deal with the terrorist act with their students in class in the Paris suburb of Conflans-Saint-Honorine. There, the history teacher Samuel Paty was beheaded in the street by an Islamist assassin last Friday, who was then shot by the police.

Murder of Samuel Paty: the emotional reactions of the personalities

 Murder of Samuel Paty: the emotional reactions of the personalities Many personalities joined the anonymous on social networks to pay tribute to Samuel Paty. © Bestimage On Sunday, thousand people gathered in Paris to pay tribute to Samuel Paty , history and geography professor beheaded in the middle of the street two days earlier in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines) during 'a terrorist attack. On social networks, it is just as many people who wanted to pay tribute to him.

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Before his murder, Paty was the had shown caricatures of Mohammed in class and was pilloried by the father of a schoolgirl. If the conservative president of the regional council of the greater Paris area, Valérie Pécresse, has its way, then in future, as a reaction to the terrorist act, one day in schools across the country must be devoted to freedom of expression and the right to publish caricatures .

With this, Pécresse apparently hits the nerve of the French: According to a survey published on Thursday by the opinion research institute Ifop, 78 percent of respondents agree that teachers show caricatures critical of religion in a class on freedom of expression.

Assassin apparently had contact with Syria

Conflans attack: what we know about the national tribute to Samuel Paty

 Conflans attack: what we know about the national tribute to Samuel Paty The Elysée announced that the national tribute would be held on Wednesday in the courtyard of the Sorbonne University, in agreement with the family . © afp.com/LOIC VENANCE The University of the Sorbonne in Paris on February 16, 2010 This is a highly symbolic choice. To pay national tribute to , the history and geography teacher Samuel Paty , assassinated on Friday for showing caricatures of Muhammad in class, Emmanuel Macron chose the courtyard of the Sorbonne.

Investigators in the case of the terrorist act in Conflans-Saint-Honorine assume that the assassin had contact with a Russian-speaking jihadist in Syria. The newspaper "Le Parisien" named the city of Idlib as the whereabouts of the jihadist, who was said to have been located on the basis of his IP address.

Video: Teacher murder near Paris: Imams regret it (Euronews)

Your browser does not support this video One of the reasons that led to the attack, however, is the spread of fundamentalist ideas among a minority of Students and parents in France. The investigation revealed that two students were paid by the assassin last Friday to help him identify the 47-year-old teacher shortly before the crime.

According to the current status of the investigation, the assassin, a refugee with Chechen roots, left the two boys in the dark about his murderous intentions. However, he did explain to the students that he wanted to do violence to the teacher. The young accomplices, aged 14 and 15, are among the seven people against whom an investigation has now been initiated.

What we know about police operations against the Islamist movement

 What we know about police operations against the Islamist movement These operations will continue at a rate of twenty a day to "harass" and "destabilize" this movement, specified the entourage of Gerald Darmanin. © BERTRAND GUAY / AFP Police officers in front of the Conflans-Sainte-Honorine college, in the Yvelines. The executive on Monday launched a series of operations targeting the Islamist movement and promises "a war against the enemies of the Republic", after the assassination of Samuel Paty which gave rise to further arrests.

The discussion about the

influence of Islamism in schools in France has a long history. Since 2004, schoolchildren in France are no longer allowed to wear visible religious symbols. This also includes the headscarf. With this legal regulation, the strict advocates of the separation of religion and state in France seemed to have prevailed. Course content is questioned by Muslim students.

Nevertheless, it happens again and again that especially students from Muslim parents question individual components of the course because of their religious beliefs. The Ministry of Education registered 935 incidents between September 2019 and March 2020. Typical cases are the questioning of the theory of evolution, sex education and gender equality.

On Thursday, Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer opened a national education debate that was planned before the teacher was attacked. One of the aims of the three-month round table with representatives from the education sector is to raise the salaries of teachers in France, which are below the average for the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). To this end, the budget of the Ministry of Education was increased by 500 million euros in the coming year. After the death of Samuel Paty, the education debate will now also deal with the safety precautions at French schools.

VIDEO Emmanuel Macron on the verge of tears during the tribute to Samuel Paty

 VIDEO Emmanuel Macron on the verge of tears during the tribute to Samuel Paty © France 2 VIDEO Emmanuel Macron on the verge of tears during the tribute to Samuel Paty This Wednesday October 21 took place in the courtyard of the Sorbonne in Paris the national homage to Samuel Paty. Emmanuel Macron dedicated a poignant speech to the professor, during which emotion could be read in his face. On Friday October 16, Professor Samuel Paty was assassinated in the middle of the street near his college in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine in the Yvelines.

In addition, Blanquer took on numerous professors and students at French universities by criticizing the rampant “Islamic left-wing extremism” at universities. According to Blanquer, there are “intellectual complicity” that ultimately led to crimes such as the murder of Samuel Paty. The student union Unef and the left-wing movement “Unyielding France”, which Blanquer had explicitly criticized in an interview with the radio station “Europe 1”, rejected the minister's allegations.

How heated the mood is in France after Paty's murder is shown by the threats and devastation directed against

mosques in Béziers in the south of France and in Bordeaux. In Bordeaux, strangers smeared the mosque with Celtic crosses, which are used as symbols by right-wing extremists. Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin instructed the prefects of the relevant departments to tighten security measures for mosques.

Does the offense of blasphemy exist in French law? .
© Charlie Hebdo After the assassination of Samuel Paty, a teacher who presented his students with the cartoons of Mahomet published in "Charlie Hebdo", the lawyer Roland Perez takes stock of Europe 1: is there a a crime of blasphemy under French law? After the shock wave throughout France and the world, sparked by the assassination of teacher Samuel Paty , who had shown caricatures of Muhammad to a class of college students, lawyer Roland Perez makes the point: does the offense of blasphemy exi

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This is interesting!