US News How are the voters appointed, who then choose the President of the United States?

11:05  29 october  2020
11:05  29 october  2020 Source:   lemonde.fr

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How to become the President of the United States of America (USA)? There may be many people who want to be the president of the United States of America. The voters of each state , and the District of Columbia, vote for electors to be the authorized constitutional members in a presidential

On November 3, the citizens of the United States are called to vote to elect the President of the United States. But unlike the French poll, this is an indirect election.

On November 3, American voters are called to vote, indirectly, for the future American president. Formally, it is in fact the 538 voters, elected state by state, who will lead, on December 19, to the election of the 45th President of the United States.

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The US president has a huge influence on people's lives both at home and abroad, so when the Each state gets a certain number of electoral college votes partly based on its population and there End of voter fraud. Is the election just about who is president ? No. All of the attention will be on

The United States presidential election, 2020 will take place on November 3, 2020. Voters will select presidential electors who will then vote on December 14, 2020 to either elect a new President and Vice President or re-elect the incumbents.

In almost all of the States (49 out of 51), when a candidate is at the head, he "wins" all the major voters: thus with 50% of the votes plus one vote, the leading candidate sends all the major voters. acquired in his person at the electoral college. This is the "winner takes all" rule. Once the 538 electorate voters have been appointed, they then vote in December (the 14th, for the 2020 election) and thus choose the President of the United States.

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The president of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States , indirectly elected to a 4-year term by the people through the Electoral College.

This will be a presidential campaign like no other. Just as the Democratic contest was winding down, and former Vice- President Joe Biden was strengthening his grip on his party's nomination, the US election was derailed by the outbreak of the novel coronavirus.

How many electors are there?

The American "electoral college" has 538 voters, so it takes 270 to win the presidential election. Their number is proportional to the population of a state, but a state cannot have less than three electors. This exception slightly over-represents very sparsely populated states, such as Alaska, Wyoming or Vermont, which all have more than four electors per million inhabitants, where the majority of states have an average of one to two electors. per million inhabitants.

Finally, the political balances in some states almost ensure victory for one camp or the other (California or New York State historically vote for the Democrats, Alaska or Alabama for the Republicans). As a result, these states are often less courted by the candidates, since their victory is either acquired or almost impossible.

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The President of the United States is elected every four years to a four-year term of office, with no more than two full terms allowed. As is true with Senators and Representatives, the President is elected directly by the voters (through state electors). In other words, the political party with the most

How is the president chosen ? A donkey has come to be a symbol of the Democratic party, while The person from each party with the most delegates then becomes their candidate and runs for the The more people who live in a state , the more electors that state has. So California, which has lots of

Who can be a great voter?

Article II (2) of the United States Constitution provides that the president and vice president are chosen by the electorate "in the manner prescribed by his legislature," but without advising or listing any manner. On the other hand, this article makes it clear that "no senator or representative, nor any person holding the United States an office of confidence or profit, can be nominated as a voter." In fact, before the actual election, each party nominates potential major voters in all states.

Must a great voter respect the vote of his State?

Thirty-three states as well as the District of Columbia have laws that require it, to avoid a situation of "disloyal grand voter" (faithless elector) by imposing either a fine (like $ 500 in North Carolina and cancellation of the vote) or a replacement voter, as is the case in Montana, Nevada or Washington state.

Since the voters are chosen by the parties or the candidates, “betrayals” are rare. But there were some: in the 2000 election, the top Democratic voter Barbara Lett-Simmons abstained from voting rather than giving her vote to Al Gore. This episode did not change anything in the election as Republican George W. Bush won with 271 votes out of 538.

Is it possible to gain votes and have fewer voters?

The US presidential election is an indirect election, so it is possible to get more votes nationwide (popular vote), but not get a majority of large voters in the Electoral College.

In the history of the United States, this has happened five times, including twice in the 21st century: in 2000, when Democrat Al Gore won 543,895 more votes than Republican George W. Bush, and in 2016 , when Democrat Hillary Clinton received 2.86 million more votes than Republican Donald Trump.

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This is interesting!