US News Even before the effects of the crisis, poverty is getting worse in France

23:30  26 november  2020
23:30  26 november  2020 Source:   liberation.fr

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The causes and effects of poverty are often interrelated in such a way that one problem hardly ever occurs alone. Bad sanitation, for example, makes it easier to spread around old and new Not something that everyone can grasp, even for a simplified or weirdly interpreted version of the Qur'an.

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Lors d'une distribution des Restos du Cœur à Paris en octobre. © CHRISTOPHE ARCHAMBAULT During a distribution of the Restos du Cœur in Paris in October. The Observatory of Inequalities publishes its second report on poverty in France and tries to anticipate the effects of confinement.

From the outset, the tone is set: "The government may well regret its social cynicism later." In its second "Report on Poverty in France", published on Thursday, the Inequalities Observatory urges the government to take action with the most disadvantaged. If he recognizes that France has an effective social system, capable of protecting or even "eradicating" poverty (the rate of which is one of the lowest in Europe), he assures it: future precariousness of the French will largely rely on the accompanying measures taken by the State. Overview of the lessons from this report.

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There is an even more compelling reason why poverty is destined to remain a spectre at the global feast. But their capacity to do so is far behind the adroit effects of markets to lavish prizes on those they Poverty is not a question of the laggards and the left-behind of globalisation, but remains an

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Young people on the front line

In 2018, 8.3% of the population lived below the poverty line (1). In other words, 5.3 million people had to deal with less than 885 euros per month. Among them, young people are particularly affected. 12.5% ​​of 18-29 year olds live below the poverty line. A situation which worsens since they were 8.2% in 2002.

The cause: a high rate of unemployment, low wages and precarious employment. Significant disparities can be noted between 20-24 year olds and 25-29 year olds, the first category being much more vulnerable because ineligible for RSA, less often in couple and on permanent contracts.

Social minima and poverty

RSA, specific solidarity allowance, allowance for disabled adults, minimum old age: nearly four million people receive social minimums. By taking their spouses and children into account, this aid benefits six million people.

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Poverty is one of the root causes of malnutrition, illiteracy and sickness. Now, ways for financial transactions are many due to the advent of the internet and technology. Anyone with proper education and knowledge can overcome poverty through hard work and stay away from the poverty world.

Even this bleak outlook is subject to great uncertainty and significant downside risks. The forecast assumes that the pandemic recedes in such a way The June 2020 Global Economic Prospects looks beyond the near-term outlook to what may be lingering repercussions of the deep global recession

Poor among the poor, 2.2 million citizens live on less than 708 euros per month (40% of median income), which the Observatory of Inequalities qualifies as "misery", denouncing conditions "unacceptable for one of the richest countries in the world ”. "For [these people], it is impossible to live with dignity, and in particular to find housing without additional income: help from parents, friends, odd jobs or undeclared work." 5.5 million people benefited from food aid in 2017.

Supportive French people

The future and poverty are of concern to a majority of French people, since four in ten people consider themselves poor or fear becoming so. Produced in a context marked by the yellow vests crisis, the report shows that 56% of the population thinks that the government is not doing enough for the poorest, and only 9% believe it is doing too much. No poverty phobia, then. The French are rather united and 62% of them support an increase in the RSA, reached by 1.9 million households.

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For a single minimum income

Believing that "the government's stimulus plan leaves only crumbs" for the most disadvantaged, the Inequalities Observatory pleads for the creation of a single minimum income (RMU) of 900 euros per month for more precarious. A measure valued at 7 billion euros and which would affect in particular 18-24 year olds, now excluded from the RSA.

The impact of the pandemic to be measured

The Observatory uses data from INSEE, the most recent of which date from 2018. We will therefore have to wait until the fall of 2022 to be able to analyze this Covid year with precision. But the data already exists. First of all, the good news: around 80% of the French have hardly suffered any consequences from the confinement. But the celebrations end there. In 2020, GDP is expected to fall by 10%. On the employment front, the number of unemployed had already increased by 360,000 in September. By the end of the year, the increase is expected to be between 800,000 and 900,000 people.

“Many people are likely to fall into poverty for a while after losing their jobs. The least qualified in particular ", warns the Observatory of inequalities. And then again, young people should drink: "If the elderly have suffered the worst consequences in terms of health, the young will pay the bill in terms of jobs and income."

(1) The Observatory of Inequalities uses a poverty line of 50% of median income, against 60% in most statistical studies, judging the representation of poverty to be less heterogeneous and therefore more accurate.

West Africa is experiencing the "most serious food crisis in recent decades" .
© ZOHRA BENSEMRA / REUTERS Amadou, a twelve month old child from Burkina Faso suffering from malnutrition, waits with his mother Harouna Aissatou in a hospital from Kaya, Burkina Faso, on November 23. This country is the second most affected in West Africa by the food crisis. In West Africa, the current food crisis is caused by a security crisis which is reaching its climax, experts warn.

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