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US News In Sudan, Ethiopian refugees try to rebuild life in their camp

15:25  27 november  2020
15:25  27 november  2020 Source:   rfi.fr

On the border between Ethiopia and Sudan, the nightmare of refugees from Tigray

 On the border between Ethiopia and Sudan, the nightmare of refugees from Tigray A "large-scale humanitarian crisis" is developing on the border between Ethiopia and Sudan. The United Nations is sounding the alarm as 4,000 people flee the fighting raging in the separatist region of Tigray every day. View on euronews © Marwan Ali / Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Ethiopian refugees A "large-scale humanitarian crisis" is developing on the border between Ethiopia and Sudan.

Ethiopian refugees who fled the fighting in the Tigray region gather on the banks of a border river with Sudan , in the A joint civilian-military government has tried to rebuild the economy, which has been decimated Medics in the refugee camps say cases of dysentery and tuberculosis, malaria and HIV

An Ethiopian refugee holds a child in a shelter at the Um Rakuba camp in Sudan ’s eastern UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and its partners are delivering and distributing life -saving aid As more people continue to stream into Sudan , refugees like Filimon are trying to come to terms with

Une réfugiée éthiopienne vend du thé, dans un camp de transit au Soudan, le 26 novembre 2020 © ASHRAF SHAZLY An Ethiopian refugee sells tea, in a transit camp in Sudan, November 26, 2020

Samarwat Tkhali, 10, has been walking around for a week the streets of "Village 8" in Sudan, where thousands of Ethiopians have taken refuge fleeing the war in Tigray. To survive, she sells the chocolate cakes bought by her father.

In this miserable village, where some 15,000 Ethiopian refugees are crowded near the border, she approaches the people by asking them timidly: "Do you want to taste one?". And it works pretty well, especially with parents.

"I started five days ago. My father gives me every morning a box of 50 cakes which I sell 20 Sudanese pounds per piece (less than a euro cent). I work from morning to night and I sell four to five boxes every day ", she confides.

The Ethiopian army accuses the Ethiopian leader of the WHO of supporting the Tigray region

 The Ethiopian army accuses the Ethiopian leader of the WHO of supporting the Tigray region © AFP / FABRICE COFFRINI Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director general of the WHO, is accused by the Ethiopian army of campaigning for the Tiger. The chief of staff of the Ethiopian army criticizes the director general of WHO for supporting this region where violent clashes have been taking place for several days.

An Ethiopian refugee and her child collect mats at a transit site in Hamdayet, Sudan . We continue to move refugees away from the border – with logistics and distances limiting the number of We join our UN partners in calling on all parties of the conflict to comply with their international obligations to

Ethiopia has been praised for its open door policy to refugees feeling war-torn South Sudan . But with no signs of the conflict ending, concerns are Camp fails to meet UN standards. Nyjawech Ruey is a young mother with four children. She fled South Sudan in 2014. "When the war erupted the children

When customers buy from her, she smiles at them. When they ignore her, she goes on her way. His brother, assigned to the same task, follows another route.

Taray Burhano, 32, also walks the streets of the refugee village to sell cigarettes by the piece. "I'm not making a fortune but at least I don't sit around and think about what happened to us," he says.

The region of Tigray, in northern Ethiopia, has been the scene of bitter fighting since Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched a military operation there on November 4. More than 43,000 Ethiopians have since taken refuge in neighboring Sudan, Filippo Grandi, head of the High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), tweeted Friday.

Des réfugiés éthiopiens dans un camp au Soudan, le 26 novembre 2020 © ASHRAF SHAZLY Ethiopian refugees in a camp in Sudan, November 26, 2020

After the shock of the flight and overcoming their pitiful settlement in this transit center in Sudan, refugees who have managed to save some money are are launched in the petty trade.

Ethiopia: the African Union tries a new mediation

 Ethiopia: the African Union tries a new mediation © AFP - EBRAHIM HAMID Ethiopian refugees who fled the fighting in Tigray bring food back to a Sudanese camp on November 18, 2020. It is a new attempt to mediation in Ethiopia to end the conflict between the government and the dissident region of Tigray. This latest attempt comes from Cyril Ramaphosa and the African Union.

According to reports from the Sudan , the refugees are leaving of their own free will. ''Otherwise they will be stranded in Sudan indefinitely,'' the report added. Many of the returnees, including women The Ethiopian Government has repeatedly denied that cholera, a highly infectious intestinal disease

Thousands of starving refugees from the Sudan , fleeing drought and civil war in their country's south, are crossing the border into southwestern Ethiopia every month and severely taxing overcrowded relief camps . Officials of the Ethiopian Government, the United Nations and other humanitarian agencies

Chekhi Barra, 27, sits on the floor while waiting for customers. "Until a solution to the war is found, something must be done. If relief organizations distribute food, a lot of things are missing," he said.

With the little money he managed to take with him when he had to leave his house with his wife and son, he opted for the soap which is sorely lacking here: "I buy a case for 1,000 Sudanese pounds. of 100 bars of soap, which I sell for twice as much. "

Une réfugiée éthiopienne vend de la nourriture dans un camp de transit au Soudan, le 269 novembre 2020 © ASHRAF SHAZLY An Ethiopian refugee sells food in a transit camp in Sudan, November 269, 2020

- "Develop my business" -

Despite their poverty, the refugees have brought the village back to life, hastily built it five years ago after a water reservoir caused by a dam engulfed the old town.

In this agglomeration of the state of Gedaref, deserted before the arrival of the refugees, restaurants have even opened, built from odds and ends.

"In Humera (in Ethiopia, 20 km from the border), I had the biggest restaurant. I lost everything. When I got here, I joined forces with a Sudanese. He advanced the money and I I manage, "Taklay Manott, 49, told AFP.

In Sudan, the ICRC is trying to reconnect separated Ethiopian families

 In Sudan, the ICRC is trying to reconnect separated Ethiopian families © REUTERS - MOHAMED NURELDIN ABDALLAH Ethiopian refugees in Fashaga camp, in Sudan, on 20 November 2020. The ongoing conflict in the region of Tigray portends a serious humanitarian crisis, according to the High Commissioner for Refugees. Since November 10, the conflict in Tigray has led to the exodus of nearly 35,000 people to Sudan. Fleeing in haste from the fighting or the massacres, many families were separated.

Watch as Sudanese families who fled from danger in their homeland attempt to rebuild their lives in one of the largest refugee camps in South Sudan .

To reach Ethiopia , refugees are walking for weeks, many without shoes and over rough terrain. Since 1950, we have helped tens of millions of people find safety and rebuild their lives . Sudan - Daily life in Port Sudan - Продолжительность: 7:28 Jan van Bekkum 2 756 838 просмотров.

Its guinguette consists of six chairs and two tables. The menu consists only of foul (broad beans) and eggs. "I will use my experience. I will not return to Humera (...) I have nothing more to do there. Here, I can develop my business", thinks the restaurateur.

Peace in Tigray is not on the horizon. The Ethiopian Prime Minister on Thursday ordered, after a 72-hour ultimatum, the launch of the final offensive against the dissident authorities in Tigray, surrounded in Mekele, the regional capital of half a million inhabitants .

Refusing to be put down, Sylvia Tahai, 23, resumed her occupation on the other side of the border as soon as she arrived in Sudan: coffee maker.

"I went to buy coffee, cups, sugar and a coffee maker which I heat on charcoal." Its drink seems to be appreciated: six customers taste it, including a Sudanese soldier.

And since there is no village without a market, Buhano Amha, 28, has built a stall where he sells tomatoes, onions and lemons. It seems to be successful for him: "I get supplies three times a day from my supplier, because the goods leave quickly."

ab / sk / vg / bfi

Tigray: the Ethiopian authorities say they control Mekele .
The Ethiopian Prime Minister claims to have taken control of Mekele, the capital of the dissident region of Tigray. The ongoing fighting has led to the exodus of thousands of people. View on euronews © Themba Hadebe / Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, January 12, 2020 - file photo The Ethiopian Prime Minister claims to have taken control of Mekele, the capital of the dissident region of Tigray.

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