US News Roads closed, cities reinvested: the inhabitants of Nagorno-Karabakh facing the new borders

22:55  27 november  2020
22:55  27 november  2020 Source:   observers.france24.com

In Nor Maragha, the Armenians flee with cattle and crops

 In Nor Maragha, the Armenians flee with cattle and crops © Supplied by Le Point Pigs slaughtered in the Kalashnikov and bled are loaded in the back of a white van. Then it was the turn of the poultry to be taken out, legs tied, from the henhouses, by the Armenian civilians who fled before the arrival of the Azerbaijani forces. In the village of Nor Maragha - Kyzyl Kengerli for the Azerbaijanis - men are busy taking everything they can. A truck even loaded an entire house onto its trailer.

Separatists in Nagorno - Karabakh have urged residents of major Azerbaijani cities to leave, warning that military sites there are now legitimate targets. Nagorno - Karabakh 's authorities have confirmed that 201 of their service personnel and a number of civilians have died since the fighting erupted on

Nagorno - Karabakh would become part of Turkey’s regional ally, Azerbaijan (though the “Caucasian Islamic Army” created by the Turks was still fighting When Pashinyan took office in 2018, it seemed Armenia’s political consensus might shift on the Nagorno - Karabakh issue, but the new prime

Fermeture de la route permettant d'accéder au Haut-Karabakh via le district de Kelbadjar, après que ce dernier soit passé sous le contrôle de l'Azerbaïdjan le 25 novembre 2020. © bagramyan26 on Telegram Closure of the road allowing access to Nagorno-Karabakh via the district of Kelbadjar, after the latter has passed under the control of Azerbaijan on November 25, 2020.

After the signing of the end of hostilities agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan on November 9, the borders are changing day by day in Nagorno-Karabakh , which leads to population movements: Armenian populations from the districts ceded to Azerbaijan must leave, while the refugees who had fled the conflict return to their homes in the Armenian part.

Pursuant to the end of hostilities agreement signed between Armenia and Azerbaijan on November 9 under Russian aegis, Yerevan is to return three districts to Baku: Agdam, Kelbadjar and Lachin. Four other districts south of Nagorno-Karabakh were taken over militarily by Azerbaijan. Russian peacekeeping forces secure another part of Nagorno-Karabakh that remains under Armenian influence. The status of this region remains unresolved : it is not part of Armenia, but is not recognized by any country as an independent state.

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Derby City Council (Great Britain) adopted resolutions on recognition of the Republic of Artsakh ( Nagorno - Karabakh ). This was reported to the news channel Telegram Re:public of Artsakh.

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As the new borders of Nagorno-Karabakh change day by day with the establishment of the agreement, the inhabitants of the region are on the move: the Armenians of the districts transferred to Azerbaijan are leaving them, burning their houses behind them, while the inhabitants of the Armenian part of Nagorno-Karabakh who fled the war to Armenia return to settle in their homes.

On November 25, 2020, Kelbadjar district (Azerbaijani name of this district Armenians call Karvachar) was officially transferred from Armenia to Azerbaijan. Adjacent to Nagorno-Karabakh, it was administratively part of Azerbaijan, but had been controlled by Armenian forces since 1994.

Photos showing the closure of the road connecting Kelbadjar to the town of Sotk in Armenia have been shared on social media . On this axis where Armenian inhabitants could once move freely, a gate now marks the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan:

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Nagorno - Karabakh , a mountainous, landlocked region inside the borders of Azerbaijan, has been a source Pashinyan and senior figures in the Nagorno - Karabakh administration said they were forced to That area carries strong symbolic weight for Azerbaijan because its main city , also called Agdam

Avoid roads near the ‘line of contact’ and roads near the international border between Armenia and The border areas between Armenia and Azerbaijan also contain mines and unexploded ordnance. The New York Times. The separatist government of Nagorno - Karabakh , whose principal backers

From now on, the only access route to reach Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia is the corridor of Latchin, in the south-east of the country. Russian peacekeeping forces secure the road, as shown in this video of a Russian checkpoint filmed by a motorist:

"Most of the refugees I know want to go back to Nagorno-Karabakh"

Smbat Petrosyan, contacted by the Observers editorial team, is a tourist guide in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. For two months, he has been dealing with refugees from Nagorno-Karabakh in Yerevan, the Armenian capital. Now that the war is over, a large part of the refugees are preparing to return to the part of Nagorno-Karabakh which has remained under Armenian control:

Most of the refugees I know want to return to Nagorno-Karabakh, around 80% I would say . The government organized shuttles to bring them back to Stepanakert [capital of Nagorno-Karabakh, editor's note]. The buses are escorted from Goris [last Armenian town before the border, editor's note] to Stepanakert by Russian peacekeeping forces.

Among the flow that heads towards Stepanakert, there are those who lived there and had fled, but also the inhabitants of the regions which come under the control of Azerbaijan who come to settle in the city, which causes an excess full:

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Nagorno - Karabakh , a mountainous, landlocked region inside the borders of Azerbaijan, has been a source of dispute since before the creation of the Soviet Union. Tensions were suppressed when both Armenia and Azerbaijan were Soviet states, but they re-emerged as the cold war ended and

Nagorno - Karabakh is a landlocked mountainous territory in the South Caucasus, home to 150 000 people. The inhabitants of this small territory have been under blockade for more than 20 years. With front lines on most of its borders and regular flare-ups of the conflict with Azerbaijan, security is

In ten days, 13,000 people returned, out of the 90,000 refugees in Armenia today. The problem is, Stepanakert can't accommodate them all! The city therefore asked the refugees to stay in Armenia for a few more days while the municipality got organized.

Journalist Lika Zakaryan, based in Stepanakert, posted on Twitter a photo of laundry lying between the balconies of Stepanakert, capital of Nagorno-Karabakh, testifying to the return of its inhabitants:

Other photos posted by Lika Zakaryan on Twitter show how the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh is coming back to life after six weeks of conflict.

"Someday the hatred must stop"

Meanwhile, the neighboring regions of Nagorno-Karabakh transferred to Azerbaijan are emptying of their Armenian inhabitants. Seeing the deteriorations of Armenian heritage committed by Azerbaijani soldiers, they cannot imagine staying at home, explains Smbat Petrosyan:

Officially, Azerbaijan tells Armenians that they can stay. But when you see what Azerbaijani soldiers do when they arrive in the formerly Armenian regions, with the videos on social networks that show the deterioration of churches, the humiliations inflicted on Armenian families who flee ... How can you imagine remaining living here ?

Some Armenians burned their homes after they left, so as not to leave them to the Azerbaijanis, as shown in this video posted on Telegram on November 12.

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Nevertheless, Smbat believes that it is essential not to give free rein to the hatred between the two peoples:

Several Armenians even preferred to burn their houses on leaving rather than leaving them to the Azerbaijanis. I asked my friends there not to do this: if we give in to hatred, then we will end up doing exactly what we blame the Azerbaijani people for today.

In Soviet times, however, we managed to live side by side in harmony: the borders were open, there were marriages between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. Someday the hatred must stop. We must not burn the bridges today: otherwise our children will have to live with the consequences.

Six weeks of conflict have claimed thousands of lives in Nagorno-Karabakh. In the territories transferred to Azerbaijan, former Azerbaijani inhabitants also return to the ruins of their villages abandoned by the Armenians since 1994, as reporters from France24 in Fuzili observed.

contacts, shops, schools, Christmas, New Year's Eve: These corona rules will apply from next week in Germany .
federal and state governments have agreed on new rules in the coming weeks to contain the corona pandemic. The prime ministers spoke for eight and a half hours with Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) at a video conference. The following rules have been decided and are to apply from December 1st: Partial lockdown: The current partial lockdown will be extended until December 20th and partially tightened. Restaurants, pubs, leisure facilities and cultural establishments must remain closed.

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