US News Enigma cipher machine from the Baltic Sea is being restored

00:25  06 december  2020
00:25  06 december  2020 Source:   welt.de

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German divers have presented a World War II Enigma encryption machine that they found in the Baltic Sea to a museum. The underwater team initially thought the cipher device was an old typewriter. The famous code machine was fished out of the sea last month by divers on assignment

The Enigma cipher machine was discovered on the seabed in Gelting Bay near Flensburg, Germany. German divers who fished an Enigma encryption machine out of the Baltic Sea have handed their rare find over to a museum for restoration .

The Enigma cipher machine from the Second World War, discovered by divers in the Baltic Sea, is to be extensively restored in Schleswig. "We assume that this will take about a year," said the head of the Schleswig-Holstein State Archaeological Office, Ulf Ickerodt, on Friday. The rare machine was found in November off the coast of the northernmost state in the Geltinger Bay.

Ulf Ickerodt, Leiter des Archäologischen Landesamts Schleswig-Holstein. © Daniel Reinhardt / dpa / archive image Ulf Ickerodt, head of the Schleswig-Holstein State Archaeological Office.

A team led by research diver Florian Huber from Kiel discovered the Enigma on the seabed. She was caught in a ghost net. Huber and a colleague were actually looking for such fishing nets on behalf of the environmental protection organization WWF in the Geltinger Bay. They represent a deadly trap for fish, marine mammals and sea birds. "A colleague appeared and said: There is a net there, but there is an old typewriter in it," said underwater archaeologist Florian Huber after the discovery became known.

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An Enigma machine — the German encryption device used by Nazi forces to send secret message during World War II — has been recovered from the Baltic Sea . Divers recovered the device at the bottom of Gelting Bay, on Germany's northern coast, while working to remove abandoned fishing nets

German divers who recently fished an Enigma encryption machine out of the Baltic Sea , used by the Nazis to send After that, the Enigma will go on display at the museum. Naval historian Jann Witt from the German Naval Association told DPA that he believes the machine , which has three rotors

On Friday, Huber handed over the Enigma, including the corresponding report to the state office. For Ickerodt and his team, the 45-year-old is an old friend. "He's a stroke of luck as a colleague, he's trained as a research diver," said Ickerodt. Huber regularly dives wrecks in the North and Baltic Seas.

The rare Enigma should first be desalinated in Schleswig. It will then be restored in the Museum of Archeology. "We'll treat them first in terms of conservation," said Ickerodt. He envisions exhibiting the machine later in the state museums, possibly showing it publicly on the day of archeology.

"The Enigma is a great memento in several ways," said Ickerodt. You also have a technical history perspective. It is linked to the story of the British computer scientist Alan Turing, "who cracked the whole thing". Turing made a major contribution to cracking the Enigma code during World War II. This had a significant impact on the submarine warfare in the Atlantic. From then on, the British were able to "read" the encrypted radio codes on German boats - unnoticed by the enemy.

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BERLIN (Reuters) - German divers searching the Baltic Sea for discarded fishing nets have stumbled upon a rare Enigma cipher machine used by the Nazi military during World War Two which they believe was thrown overboard from a scuttled submarine. Thinking they had discovered a typewriter

The Enigma machine is an encryption device developed and used extensively by the Nazi military in the Divers came across the machine in the Baltic while documenting “ghost nets” discarded by Your account has been deleted! You can restore your account within 30 days by following the link

The hunt for the Enigma is part of many Hollywood films and crime novels, said Ickerodt. For him, however, the most important thing is that such relics from the Third Reich “make us see what happened between 1933 and 1945”.

The Enigma is a complex machine for the time. Named after the Greek word for puzzle, it had 26 letter keys and just as many light fields with the letters that made up the encrypted text. Inside, the current ran through several rotating rollers on the way from pressing a button on board the submarine to the lamp above the keyboard. The sequence of the rollers and the resulting pairs of letters changed daily.

The naval historian Jann M. Witt from the German Navy Federation assumes that the Enigma from the Geltinger Bay came from a German warship and was thrown overboard towards the end of the war. Because the specimen found only has three rollers. However, only models with four rollers were used on submarines.

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This is interesting!