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US News Criminal justice for minors, pro-independence government in New Caledonia, Burma ... The news of this Wednesday morning

11:55  17 february  2021
11:55  17 february  2021 Source:   liberation.fr

Burma: call for a general strike, new demonstrations against the coup d'état

 Burma: call for a general strike, new demonstrations against the coup d'état © Supplied by Le Point D Thousands of demonstrators took to the streets on Monday for the third day in a row in Burma to protest against the coup State that toppled Aung San Suu Kyi , workers responding to the call for a general strike and joining the sling. By 10 a.m. (03:30 GMT), more than a thousand people demonstrated in Rangoon, the economic capital. "We are not going to work even if our wages are going to drop," Hnin Thazin, an employee in a garment factory, told AFP .

Pro - independence parties won a majority in the collegiate government of New Caledonia on Wednesday for the first time after the pro-France government imploded earlier this month. Independentists increased their standing to six out of eleven cabinet members for the first time in 30 years since the Noumea Accord signed in 1998 brought an end to years of violence. The election of a new government , according to a ballot of lists by the 54 elected members of the island's Congress, came after the fall on February 2 of the previous executive which had a loyalist majority.

New Caledonia (/ˌkælɪˈdoʊniə/; French: Nouvelle-Calédonie) is a special collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, south of Vanuatu, about 1,210 km (750 mi) east of Australia and 17,000 km

  Justice pénale des mineurs, gouvernement indépendantiste en Nouvelle-Calédonie, Birmanie... L’actu de ce mercredi matin © Provided by Liberation The news

Elections. The separatists won a majority in the collegiate government of New Caledonia where they have six members out of eleven, for the first time since the start of the Noumea Accord (1998).

Burma. Anti-junta mobilization continues in Burma on Wednesday with large crowds in the streets amid fears of escalating violence, the UN rapporteur having been informed of troop deployments in Yangon.

PSG-Barça. Six months after the (lost) Champions League final in confined mode in Lisbon, PSG twisted FC Barcelona (1-4) Tuesday night in the round of 16 first leg of this same competition, mastering the match from start to finish. Kylian Mbappé scored a hat-trick. Read our article.

Burma: 5th day of demonstrations, raid against the headquarters of the party of Aung San Suu Kyi

 Burma: 5th day of demonstrations, raid against the headquarters of the party of Aung San Suu Kyi © AP - STR Demonstration in favor of Aung San Suu Kyi on the fifth day of the mobilization against the military coup in Yangon, February 10, 2021. The Burmese started taking to the streets on Wednesday February 10 for the fifth consecutive day. On Tuesday, the army carried out a night raid against the headquarters of the National League for Democracy (LND), Aung San Suu Kyi's party. An action that shows the determination of the putschist generals in the face of calls to restore democracy.

New Caledonia currently holds a unique position as an overseas possession that formulates its own tax, labour laws and trade policy but not defence or foreign policy. But many of the archipelago’s inhabitants, particularly within the indigenous Kanak community, want full independence . The territory boasts a quarter of the world’s known resources of nickel, a core component in the manufacture of stainless steel, rechargeable batteries and coins. But wealth is not evenly spread and backers of independence want major economic reform.

New Caledonia is an archipelago in the southwest Pacific Ocean, around 1,120 kilometers (750 miles) east of Australia and 17,000 kilometers (10,500 miles) from metropolitan France. While some powers have been devolved to the islands, their population are French citizens and vote in the country's elections This coincided in recent decades with greater organization by pro - independence parties in New Caledonia . After an occasionally violent separatist campaign, in 1998 the French government signed an agreement with an alliance of pro - independence political parties, the Kanak and Socialist

Criminal justice for minors. The Parliament adopted definitively Tuesday evening, by a final vote of the Senate, the awaited but criticized reform of the criminal justice of the minors , which sets up a procedure of judgment in two stages, interspersed with a period of the educational test ”.

Vaccination. Japan began the first stage of its coronavirus vaccination campaign on Wednesday, aimed first at protecting 40,000 employees in its medical sector, five months before the scheduled opening of the Tokyo Olympics, postponed last year .

United States. In the United States, Donald Trump has exhausted the leader of the Republicans in the Senate Mitch McConnell, by calling on his party to turn its back on this veteran of Congress, who has publicly accused the former US president of being "responsible" for the murderous assault on the Capitol.

Burma: the military increase the arrests of militants

 Burma: the military increase the arrests of militants The protest movement against the general coup continues in Burma. On Friday February 12, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva called for targeted sanctions against the military regime, but on the spot the arrests of activists are increasing.

New Caledonia has been a French territory for nearly 170 years. French President Emmanuel Macron welcomed the result as a "sign of confidence in the republic", adding he also felt "humility" in view of the results. Under this agreement, New Caledonia is allowed up to three referendums on independence . A third referendum can take place by 2022, if requested by a third of the local assembly. New Caledonia has large deposits of nickel, a vital component in manufacturing electronics, and is seen by France as a strategic political and economic asset in the region.

If more than half of the island's residents vote "yes" in the referendum, New Caledonia will have to form a new independent state and rebuild its relationship with France.

Regional. The Parliament adopted definitively Tuesday evening, by a final vote by show of hands of the Senate, the postponement from March to June of the departmental and regional elections , due to the Covid-19 epidemic, the government having committed to the dates of June 13 and 20.

The

Cannabis interview. For the deputies Jean-Baptiste Moreau, Danièle Obono and Robin Reda, the fight against drugs is a failure. From diverse political backgrounds, they are together advocating for new cannabis legislation. Read our article.

Spain: Undecided elections in Catalonia under the sign of the Covid

 Spain: Undecided elections in Catalonia under the sign of the Covid E n full epidemic, voters in Catalonia began to vote on Sunday for a ballot whose stake is to know whether the Socialists, at the head of the Spanish government, succeed in removing the separatists from regional power, more than three years after an abortive attempt at secession. Polling stations opened at 9:00 a.m. (8:00 a.m. GMT) in this region of northeastern Spain and will close at 8:00 p.m. (7:00 p.m. GMT).

As a result, the independence of Burma created a state with weak institutions and a fragile local legitimacy which was unable to reconcile the different groups who lived there. This has included a war between the Karen minority group and the central government since 1949, and then more recently the Rohingya conflict, whereby the military have clashed with the minority Muslim group and subsequently been accused of genocide, with thousands fleeing to neighbouring Bangladesh.

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said the government would continue to lead the country's COVID-19 response team until elections already scheduled for March. Mark Rutte's government has resigend over authorities accusing thousands of families of fraudulently claiming child welfare payments. Rutte called a Cabinet meeting in The Hague where ministers had to make up their minds on quitting just two months before a planned general election. Following the meeting, Rutte informed King Willem-Alexander of the government 's resignation. What is the scandal about?

Report Paris, le 16 fevrier 2021. Campagne de vaccination pour les personnes prioritaires agées dans les petits villages. Premiere étape à Patay ou 60 personnes doivent se faire vacciner. Avant le vaccin les patients doivent remplir un questionnaire © Provided by Liberation Paris, February 16, 2021. Vaccination campaign for priority elderly people in small villages. First step in Patay where 60 people must be vaccinated. Before the vaccine, patients must complete a

Mobile vaccination questionnaire. For two months, a van will stop in rural towns of Loiret to vaccinate isolated elderly people against Covid-19. A way to fight against the vaccine fracture. Read our article.

Burma: hackers block government sites, Internet cut again

 Burma: hackers block government sites, Internet cut again © Provided by Le Parisien Le Parisien The fight between demonstrators and the military junta seems to be moving on a new front: the Web. On Thursday, hackers attacked government websites run by the junta in Burma. The military shut down internet access for on the fourth consecutive night .

The story

Rwanda. While the trial for "acts of terrorism" of Paul Rusesabagina, long adored by Hollywood and whose story was made famous by the film Hôtel Rwanda , the Burundian pastor, who served as bait to bring the sexagenarian without his knowledge to his native country, evokes for the first time this spectacular operation. Read our article.

The investigation

The Gregory case. At the end of January, the Dijon Court of Appeal ordered new genetic expertise to try again to elucidate the death of little Grégory in 1984. Contaminated, displaced, damaged, these exhibits traveled from laboratory to laboratory over the years. advances in science. Liberation looks back on thirty-six years of journey. Read our article.

Burma: two demonstrators killed and around thirty others injured, the army fires live ammunition

 Burma: two demonstrators killed and around thirty others injured, the army fires live ammunition © Provided by Le Parisien Le Parisien The repression intensifies this Saturday in Burma, the day after of the death of 'a young 20-year-old grocer, the first victim of military repression. During a demonstration organized by junta opponents in Mandalay, the country's second largest city, security forces fired live ammunition into crowds. Two people died, including a minor who was shot in the head, and around 30 were injured, we learned from rescuers.

Malaysia: many questions after the controversial expulsion of a thousand Burmese .
© AFP - MOHD RASFAN In Malaysia, an immigration truck carrying Burmese migrants is heading towards the naval base of Lumut, near Kuala Lumpur , February 23, 2021. In Malaysia, it is still very difficult to know how a thousand Burmese were deported on Tuesday evening. The High Court of Kuala Lumpur had asked for the suspension of this massive operation, following the legal action of several NGOs, for which this operation in partnership with the Burmese junta violates international law.

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