US News Forced labor in Xinjiang: major brands of loan-to-wear targeted by a complaint in France
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" Recel of aggravated bondage reduction crime, a crime of human beings in organized band, genocide crime and crime against humanity". The words weigh heavily in the complaint filed with the judicial court of Paris against multinational clothing by a collective represented by the lawyer of the lawyer William Bourdon.
For more than a year, the Uyghours and other Turkish peoples of the Xinjiang, human rights and labor law NGOs, journalists and researchersin this region of L Extreme West of China, where 85% of Chinese cotton is grown, or 20% of world production. This concerns both the and the textile factories that turn to full speed.
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"complices of serious crimes"
The NGO Sherpa, theThe Uyghur Institute of Europe and a Ughur, direct witness of the forced refrigeration of the population, have decided to submit to The French justice of the elements on the commercial links maintained by signs and distributors of the textile sector in Xinjiang and "allow the French courts to decide on their possible criminal liability". The collective wishes to terminate what it considers to be an impunity for marks, which are discharged on their subcontractors of their responsibility in terms of human rights.
According to the complainants, who say they are based on public information, "Inditex companies (including Zara brands, Bershka, Pull and Bear, Massimo Dutti), UNIQLO, SMCP (which holds Sandro, Maje brands , Claudie Pierlot, Fursac) and Skechers as well as many other transnational corporations, would continue to subcontract part of their production [in Xinjiang] or to market goods using cotton produced in the region, making it complicit of serious crimes who are perpetrated there ". The elements collected seem sufficient for a survey to be open.
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In fact, many companies in the sector are likely,Boycott in China to enjoy, consciously or not, the politics led by Beijing towards the Turkish peoples, whether it is In Xinjiang or in factories of the rest of China where Uyghur workers are sent. Spanish Inditex, accused, like Japanese Uniqlo, to provide thread and fabric in Xinjiang, provided in December to release "not having links with Chinese companies identified as being able to use forced labor" and stressed that the "group does not endorse any form of forced labor".
This complaint should be the first in a series launched in several European countries and, under the terms of the press release, "is part of the long-standing advocacy by our organizations to combat the impunity of transnational corporations and the access of victims to justice and reparation ". It intervenes in a tense context with China on the issue of human rights in Xinjiang, enamelledand, in return, of sanctions Placed by China against .
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The UNIQLO, H & M, Nike or Adidas brands, which had committed in 2020 to no longer use Xinjiang cotton, are themselves the target, for a few days, of boycott campaigns in China. The question is also at the heart of the debates on thebetween China and the European Union.
Friday, the Elysée recalled its "expectations" "on the ratification of the fundamental conventions of the International Labor Organization, including forced labor, given the very great concerns and concerns of France, but also. Of all the European public opinion on the situation of the Uighours and the more global situation of the Xinjiang ".
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