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US News Global military expenditure increased in 2020, despite the coronavirus crisis

06:40  26 april  2021
06:40  26 april  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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(Stockholm, 27 April 2020 ) Total global military expenditure rose to 17 billion in 2019, according to new data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The total for 2019 represents an increase of 3.6 per cent from 2018 and the largest annual growth in spending since 2010. Data from previous global economic downturns suggests that the economic crisis resulting from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic will probably disrupt future military spending.

The June 2020 Global Economic Prospects describes both the immediate and near-term outlook for the impact of the pandemic and the long-term damage it has dealt to prospects for growth. The baseline forecast envisions a 5.2 percent contraction in global GDP in 2020 , using market exchange rate weights—the deepest global recession in decades, despite the extraordinary efforts of governments to counter the downturn with fiscal and monetary policy support. Over the longer horizon, the deep recessions triggered by the pandemic are expected to leave lasting scars through lower investment

Des avions militaires stationnés lors d'un exercice international sur la base aérienne d'Andravida, dans le nord-ouest du Péloponnèse, en Grèce, le 20 avril 2021. © Alexandros Vlachos / EPA-EFE of military aircraft stationed during an international exercise on the air base of Andravida, in northwestern Peloponnese , in Greece, on April 20, 2021.

Despite the pandemic, the total of global military spending reached $ 1,981 billion last year, a 2.6% increase in real terms compared to 2019, According to the data published on Monday by the International Institute for Research on Peace of Stockholm.

Global military expenditure continued their climb in 2020, despite the Covid-19, pandemic reaching nearly $ 2,000 billion, according to a report by the International Peace Research Institute of Stockholm ( Sipri ) published on Monday.

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The coronavirus pandemic is slowing global commerce to a crawl, but many of the world’s largest economies are taking extraordinary actions to propel them through the crisis . Prior to the outbreak, there were already concerns about a recession from a so-called hard Brexit. Economists say that the coronavirus pandemic could take a 5 to 10 percent slice out of the economy in 2020 . The government is prepared to make interventions that would be “unprecedented in the history of the British state” to support the economy, finance minister Rishi Sunak said in early March.

No, the Coronavirus Will Not Change the Global Order. We should be skeptical toward claims that the pandemic changes everything. China won’t benefit, and the United States will remain preeminent. Beijing has also been investing heavily in military power, but remains far behind the United States and may slow down its military investments in a more adverse budgetary climate. Among other things that the crisis has exposed is China’s need for major expenditures on its inadequate health care system.

Last year, expenditures

amounted to $ 1,981 billion (about € 1,650 billion) in the world, an increase of 2.6% over one year - while global GDP decreased by 4.4%.

In 2019, these expenses had already reached their highest level since the end of the Cold War.

According to Diego Lopes da Silva, co-author of the report, if "It had been possible to think that military spending would decrease" because of the pandemic, it is today "possible to conclude with a quasi- Certainty that COVID-19 did not have significant effects on military spending at least in 2020 "

. increase of the "military burden"

The researcher has warned, however, that it was still early to draw these conclusions over the long term, since it will probably take time to the nations "to adapt to the shock"

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The coronavirus has spread to 185 countries and territories — infecting more than 2.7 million people and killing over 190,000 globally , according to Johns Hopkins University. 7 charts show how the coronavirus pandemic has hit the global economy. Many businesses have been forced to reduce operations or shut down, and an increasing number of people Global economy to shrink in 2020 .

A prominent Chinese official has promoted a conspiracy theory that the United States military could have brought the novel coronavirus to China -- and it did not originate in the city of Wuhan, as thought.

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The fact that military spending has continued to increase in a year marked by an economical slowdown E means that the "military burden"

- the share of military spending in GDP - has also increased.

This share increased by 0.2 point over one year in the world at 2.4%. This is the largest annual increase since the 2009 financial crisis. Last year, 12

NATO have devoted at least 2% of their GDP to their army - the goal. Fixed by the organization, against only nine in 2019.

However, if military spending has increased globally, some nations such as Chile or South Korea have preferred to redirect some of these expenses planned to meet the Sanitary crisis.

Other countries, such as

Hungary , have the opposite decided to increase their military spending "as part of a recovery plan in response to the pandemic" , according to Mr. Lopes da Silva. United States at the head

The number one budget remained that of the

United States , which increased by 4.4% in 2020, to 778 billion dollars - or 39% of global expenditures.

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The global economy is now projected to contract by 4.4% in 2020 — an upward revision from an estimate of -4.9% made in June (which has now also been revised to -5.2% due to a new methodology used by the IMF). The IMF's forecast assumes that social distancing due to the coronavirus pandemic will continue into 2021, and She added that the revision was driven by better-than-expected growth in advanced economies and China during the second quarter of the year and signs of a more rapid recovery in the third quarter. However, the outlook warned that the coronavirus crisis is far from over.

Confirmed cases of the COVID-19 coronavirus have topped 4 million globally . Businesses are coping with lost revenue and disrupted supply chains as factory shutdowns and quarantine measures spread across the globe , restricting movement and commerce. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has said the coronavirus pandemic had instigated a global economic downturn the likes of which the world has not experienced since the Great Depression. That view is supported by the latest figures from the European Commission, which has forecast that the GDP of EU countries will contract by 7.5% in 2020 .

The country recorded an increase for the third year in a row, after seven years of decline.

"This reflects the growing concerns about the perceived threats of strategic competitors such as China and Russia, as well as the Trump Administration's willingness to reinforce what it considers as an exhausted US military," says Alexandra Marksteiner, co-author of the report, in a statement. Diego Lopes da Silva Note that the new

Biden

administration "did not give any indication that it would reduce military spending" . Behind the United States follows the

China

, which accounted for 13% of global expenditures. The country's military spending has been continuing for 26 years, in parallel with the growth of its Economy . In France, 8th nation of ranking, expenditures increased by 2.9% in 2020, to $ 52.7 billion.

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