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US News in a Venezuela in crisis, the scourge of early pregnancies

11:15  03 may  2021
11:15  03 may  2021 Source:   parismatch.com

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Une soignante du centre de santé de Médecins sans frontières (MSF) reçoit en consultation une femme et son bébé, le 17 mars 2021 à Vidoño, au Venezuela © Pedro Rances mattey a caregiver of the health center of doctors without borders (MSF) receives in consultation a woman and her baby, on March 17, 2021 in Vidoño, Venezuela

"You are not pregnant!", Indicates the nurse. Deiglis, 17, blows, relieved. She already has trouble getting out with the 5 months baby she holds in arms at Vidoño's Sans Frontières Medical Health Center (MSF), some 300 kilometers east of Caracas.

Des soignantes du centre de santé de Médecins sans frontières (MSF) reçoivent des femmes en consultation, le 17 mars 2021 à Vidoño, au Venezuela © Pedro Rances Mattey Caregivers of the Health Center of Medical Sans Frontières (MSF) receive women in consultation on March 17, 2021 in Vidoño, Venezuela

The NGO has set up in this medium city a special program of Family planning to fight the early pregnancies that have exploded in Venezuela, country in the field of economic marrasses, aggravated by economic sanctions.

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Un médecin du centre de santé de Médecins sans frontières (MSF) reçoit en consultation une femme et son bébé, le 17 mars 2021 à Vidoño, au Venezuela © Pedro Rances Mattey A doctor at the Medical Health Center Without Borders (MSF) receives in consultation a woman and her baby, on March 17, 2021 in Vidoño, in Venezuela

the means of contraception, even the condoms, are out of Scope of most households and delegis, without work, is no exception to the rule.

"I do not have money to buy it and there is no work to maintain another child", summarizes, head down, the young woman, who is one of the hundreds of people from disadvantaged backgrounds making the center for free care.

Come for care for his baby, she also benefits from the program's advice and examinations. MSF will offer him a contraceptive implant.

Erika Fernandez, the nurse, 41 years old, is used to and interrogates the young woman, gradually breaking ice and shyness. "Has your last sexual relationship protected?" She asks him.

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Des femmes attendent une consultation au centre de santé de Médecins sans frontières (MSF), le 16 mars 2021 à Vidoño, au Venezuela © Pedro Rances Mattey Women wait for a consultation at the Medical Health Center Without Borders (MSF), March 16, 2021 in Vidoño, Venezuela

MSF offers five types of contraceptives: female and male condoms, pill, injection or implants for five years.

A pill tablet costs between $ 10 and $ 25 in a country where the minimum wage is less than a dollar. "The vast majority of people who come here do not have the money for that," says the nurse, always moved by the pregnancies of the minors.

"It's strong. The minors (speakers) impress me a lot," she says, tears in her eyes. Pregnant girls aged 14-15 "need a lot of help".

Des femmes et leurs bébés attendent une consultation au centre de santé de Médecins sans frontières (MSF), le 16 mars 2021 à Vidoño, au Venezuela © Pedro Rances mattey women and their babies are waiting for a consultation at the Medical Health Center Sans Frontières (MSF), March 16, 2021 in Vidoño, in Venezuela

illegal in Venezuela, except in case of vital danger to the mother, Abortion is punished by six months to two years in prison.

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- Lack of education -

Low financial resources, absence or difficulty finding contraceptive means, but also lack of education, early pregnancies have become "a problem" of the admission of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.

There are no formal statistics, but according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), in 2019, 95 births of 1,000 were the fact of mothers aged 15 and 19.

Only Ecuador and Honduras have stronger rates while the Average Latin America is 62 for 1,000.

In 2020, at the center of MSF called "Friends of Health", 30% of the 10,000 consultations relating to reproduction or sex involved adolescent girls, says Lucia Brum, a member of the NGO.

The manager regrets having had to stand up on the outreach work in schools because of the pandemic. "It's a need to work on the theme of sexual and reproductive health at Community level," she points out.

26-year-old teacher, Maria Cararaballo confirms: "Since the time I give classes, I have seen a lot of girls of 13-14 years pregnant".

"For many parents, it's hard to sit down to talk with their children" sexual subjects, continues the teacher, who is also a patient of the center.

"After giving life (to my first child) I asked for contraceptive prices in a pharmacy. I saw that I did not have the means. Or I bought the contraceptive or I ate".

MBJ-PGF / JB / DTH

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