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US News in Madagascar, one million inhabitants in famine

08:40  13 may  2021
08:40  13 may  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Madagascar (/ˌmædəˈɡæskər, -kɑːr/; Malagasy: Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan' i Madagasikara, Malagasy pronunciation: [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]

Madagascar is in the grip of harsh climate change and after five years of extreme drought in the south it's now enduring a chronic food crisis. When the El Niño climate phenomenon hit the African island state in 2016 the outlook for farming worsened. Growth has now flatlined in the low income country and 1 .3 million people in the south are severely food insecure, with some only one step away from famine . Last year the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reported that 20,000 children were acutely malnourished. When this happens a child's body breaks down fat and muscle to survive

Dans le sud de Madagascar, 1,35 million de personnes sont en proie à la famine à cause de la sécheresse. © Rijasolo, AFP in southern Madagascar, 1.35 million people are in famine because of drought.

South of the island of Madagascar, a million Malagasy are exposed to famine, partly caused by the worst drought for forty years.

Even cacti did not survive. They were ravaged by the TIOMENA, a wind carrying sand. In the south of Madagascar, these edible plants were sometimes the only ones to have resisted the worst drought for forty years. Barely half of the expected rains for the seedling period from October to January, and here are the crops of the reduced region of 60%.

Mandilsoa lives in Kapila, in the south of the island. "Usually, we grow sweet potatoes and rice, explain to doctors without borders. We hope that the rain arrives, otherwise we will die.

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Madagascar later split from India about 88 million years ago, allowing plants and animals on the island to evolve in Following almost a century of warring and famine , Imerina was reunited in In 2017, the capital's population was estimated at 1 ,391,433 inhabitants .[110] The next largest cities are Main articles: Politics of Madagascar , Foreign relations of Madagascar , and Human rights in Madagascar .

Half of the genetic lineages of human inhabitants of Madagascar come from 4500 miles away in Borneo, while the other half derive from East Africa, according to a study published in May by a UK team. The population structure in Madagascar is a fascinating snapshot of human history and a testament to the remarkable abilities of early populations to undertake migrations across vast reaches of ocean. It may also be important today for cutting edge medical science. "There has recently been dramatic progress in the development of experimental and statistical methods appropriate for gene

because the drought aggravates the problems of access to the food already present. According to the Ministry of Health, acute malnutrition has doubled between 2020 and 2021 and affects 16.5% of children under 5 living in the south of the country. A total of 1.35 million people are prey to famine.

An increase in the price of food

The situation should not arrange for the many families who depend on agricultural work to feed and revenue. The very low stocks increase the price of food and job opportunities are rare: the coronavirus has stopped the tourism sector that used a large number of seasonal.

The country, which launched its vaccine campaign on Monday, May 10, was relatively spared by COVID-19 (722 deaths for 27 million inhabitants). But the fear of the virus has slowed access to care and complicating the prevention against malaria, whose contaminations have doubled since 2019. In 2020, two million Malagasy have been infected by this disease for which there is still no vaccine.

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