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US News Emmanuel Macron receives Harkis at the Elysée to "open the repair site"

13:35  20 september  2021
13:35  20 september  2021 Source:   nouvelobs.com

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  Emmanuel Macron reçoit des harkis à l’Elysée pour « ouvrir le chantier de la réparation » © Copyright 2021, Obs

Emmanuel Macron chairs this Monday 20 September in the morning a reception dedicated to Harkis, to "take a new step Towards the recognition of the state responsibility in the suffering of these veterans alongside the French army during the Algerian war.

were invited to the Elysee some 300 people: Harkis, which are now very elderly, sixty years after the end of the conflict, but also their descendants, officials of associations and personalities.

The massacre of the El Ouffia, the first carnage of the French conquest in Algeria

This reception is five days before the National Harkis Tribute Day, which is celebrated all 25 September since 2003, notably in the south of France where They are very present.

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Further than François Hollande

The highlight on Monday will be, at 10:30, the speech of Emmanuel Macron in which he will "open the shipyard", going further than his predecessor François Holland who, in 2016, had recognized "the responsibilities of French governments in the abandonment of harkis".

"The President considers that the work done for sixty years is important but that it is necessary to take a new step in recognition to the failure that was made to the Harkis but also to the Failure of the French Republic at its own values", explains the 'Elysium.

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"The history of Harkis is a story of French and it is the history of French; It is in this state of mind that we must approach this new chapter ", according to the presidency.

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Harkis Are these Veterans - up to 200,000 Men - Recruited As auxiliary of the French army during the conflict that opposed from 1954 to 1962 Algerian nationalists in France.

At the end of this war, some of them, abandoned by Paris, were victims of reprisals in Algeria. Tens of thousands of others, often accompanied by women and children, were transferred to France, where they were placed in "transit camps and reclassification" with unworthy and durably traumatic living conditions.

Since then, "The Republic has made steps: there have been various compensation procedures installed over time," says a Presidency advisor. So many gestures deemed insufficient by Harkis' associations, who claim, in an open letter to Emmanuel Macron, that a "Harkis Abandonment Recognition Act is voted by" the end of the year ".

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"We saw you have the courage to recognize dark pages of our history, on the war of Algeria, Rwanda or nuclear tests in Polynesia. We have hope that you will be the one who will end sixty years of a certain hypocrisy of recognizing the abandonment of harkis in speeches but to refuse it in a law, "says Ajir, the Association Justice Information Repair for Harkis .

The associations, who say represent a community of about 400,000 people (Harkis and descendants), also claim a revaluation of existing compensation.

Two Memorial Days

in September 2018, the Secretary of State to the Armies Geneviève Darrieussecq had presented a "Harkis Plan" including the release of 40 million euros over four years to upgrade the pensions of veterans and help those of their children who live in precariousness.

During the reception, the president must decorate Salah Abdelkrim, a Harki representative wounded in the fight, a French officer, General François Meyer, who organized the repatriation "several hundred Harkis by disobeying orders", and a daughter From Harki, Bornia Tarall, "activist of equal opportunities and diversity".

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after taking different initiatives (on Maurice Audin, the opening of the archives or the assassination of the lawyer Ali Boumendjel ...), Emmanuel Macron still hears to participate in two memorial days by the end of the five-year fifteen: the repression by the French police of a manifestation of Algerians, in Paris, on October 17, 1961, and the signing of the Evian agreements, the 18 March 1962, who devoted French defeat to Algeria.

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