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US News Rwanda: Death of Theoneste Bagosora, "brain" of the genocide of 1994

16:30  26 september  2021
16:30  26 september  2021 Source:   nouvelobs.com

The former Rwandan genocidal Bagosora died in prison in Mali

 The former Rwandan genocidal Bagosora died in prison in Mali Rwanda-Genocide / (Photo): The former Rwandan genocidal Bagosora died in prison in Mali Bamako, September 25 (Reuters) - former Colonel Rwandan Theoneste Bagosora, condemned for genocide and crimes against humanity for orchestrated the massacre of Tutsis Rwandan in 1994, died in Mali where he was detained, said Malian officials Saturday.

Théoneste Bagosora, considéré comme le © Tony Karumba Theoneste Bagosora, considered the "brain" of the genocide of 1994, pending his verdict at the International Criminal Court for Rwanda, On December 18, 2008 in Arusha, Tanzania

Theoneste Bagosora, considered the "brain" of the 1994 genocide and one of the highest Rwandan officials sentenced for this tragedy, died on Saturday at the age of 80 in Mali where He was serving his sentence, we learned from concordant sources.

Théoneste Bagosora (c), considéré comme le © Tony Karumba Theoneste Bagosora (C), considered the "brain" of the 1994 genocide, arrives at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, on December 18, 2008 in Arusha, Tanzania

the death, announced Saturday afternoon by A brief message "RIP Papa" ("Peacepace") Posted on Facebook by the son of Mr. Bagosora, has been confirmed Sunday at AFP by the mechanism for international criminal courts (MTPI), which took the Relays of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) after 2015.

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Le président rwandais Juvénal Habyarimana le 7 octobre 1982 à Kigali. © Pierre Guillaud The Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana on October 7, 1982 in Kigali.

"I confirm that Mr. Théonest Bagosora died in a hospital in Mali yesterday (Saturday) at the end of the morning," said the Clerk of the MTPI, Abubacarr Tambadou.

The ICTR had condemned Theoneste Bagosora to life prison in 2008 for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. His sentence had been reduced to 35 years in appeal in 2011.

At the trial, the Prosecution had presented this Cabinet director at the Rwandan Ministry of Defense in 1994 as "the brain" of the genocide who cost the life to 800,000 people according to the UN, mainly the Tutsi minority.

In 2019, the media media Mediapart and Radio France had also revealed that a "French intelligence document" of September 1994 referred to "two extremists of the" Hutu to power at the time, including Theoneste Bagosora, like "the main sponsors of the attack of 6 April 1994 "against the plane of President Habyarimana.

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Carte et chronologie, avec chiffres clés, du génocide de 1994 au Rwanda © Paz Pizarro Map and Chronology, with key figures, from the 1994 genocide to Rwanda

This attack, which had caused the death of the head of state, had triggered large-scale massacres against Tutsi and Hutu moderate.

Theoneste Bagosora was serving his sentence at Koulikoro Prison, Mali.

Malian sources indicated to AFP that it was sick and had been transferred to "a clinic" of the capital Bamako.

"It was in the clinic for a while but was guarded by security agents," said AFP a source within the Malian prison administration, confirming its death "sickness suites".

A head of the establishment where he was admitted indicated that he died of "heart failure", without further details.

Mr. Bagosora had been denied an early request for early release. He invoked that he had served two-thirds of his sentence since his arrest in Cameroon in 1996. His application had been rejected in particular because of "the extremely high gravity (of his) crimes".

In 2011, the appeal judges of the ICTR had canceled several conclusions of the Trial Chamber who condemned him.

However, they had maintained a central conclusion of the judgment, according to which Bagosora was the highest military authority in Rwanda between 6 and 9 April 1994, in the first days of genocide.

BUR-SVA / CL

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