US News Who are the Nobel favorites this year?

08:50  04 october  2021
08:50  04 october  2021 Source:   liberation.fr

"UnderaxiVement": Why some highly gifted children are in themselves in school - and how to change

 with eight years high school graduation, with eleven years a bachelor in physics: in July 2021 had the Belgian-Dutch "Wunderkind" Laurent Simons made with these impressive performance headlines. Even if he is certainly an extreme example, flyers like Simons characterize the social image of high-purity. However, not every highly gifted child automatically gets a professor title or Nobel Prize.

Une médaille du prix Nobel, le 8 décembre 2020. © Niklas Halle'n A Nobel Prize Medal, December 8, 2020.

Pioneers of Anti-Covid vaccines or high-flying geneticists, Bellass opponents or freedom of the press, a non-Western novelist? The Nobel 2021 prices are awarded from this Monday, under the seal probably unavoidable of the pandemic.

awarded for one hundred and twenty years, the rewards of medicine, physics, chemistry, literature and peace desired by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, as well as the newer price of economy, are announced in Stockholm and Oslo until next Monday . Word of order: Primer those who have contributed most "to the benefits of humanity". COVID requires, the laureates will receive as last year their prices in their country of residence, even if a small hope remains for the Peace Prize in Oslo. Will

Nobel Prize for Medicine Go to Molecular Biologists David Julius and ARDEM Patapoutian

 Nobel Prize for Medicine Go to Molecular Biologists David Julius and ARDEM Patapoutian The Nobel Prize for Medicine is going to David Julius (USA) and the Libanon-born researcher Ardem Patapoutian for their discovery of receptors for temperature and touch in the body. This was announced by the Karolinska Institute on Monday in Stockholm. The knowledge is used to develop treatments for a number of diseases, including chronic pain.

have to wait or will they be sacred this year? The Hungarian Katalin Kariko and the American Drew Weissman are Nobélisables for paving the way for RNA Messenger vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna, already injected with more than one billion people around the world to protect them from CVVID-19. According to several experts interviewed by AFP, they could prevail in medicine, which opens as usual the ball on Monday, even in chemistry on Wednesday.

"This would be a mistake of the Nobel Committee not to give the price to the RNA messenger vaccine this year," says Ulrika Björksten, Check of the Scientific Service of the Swedish Public Radio.

The Academy of Sciences, sometimes criticized for its tendency to crown very old discoveries, could also finally sacred, nearly 90 years, the experts of Max Cooper and Jacques Miller lymphocites. Searches for breast cancer (Mary-Claire King and Dennis Slamon) or areas such as antibiotic resistance or epigenetics are also evoked by nobelologists. Follow the physics Tuesday, chemistry Wednesday, and literature Thursday, the economy closing walking on 11.

Nobel Prize. When and in what discipline do the French have the most shone?

 Nobel Prize. When and in what discipline do the French have the most shone? © Jonathan Nackstrand / AFP A medal to the effigy of Alfred Nobel, September 16, 2021. Photo of illustration. Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, Economy ... What is the Nobel Prize that was most often won by French? And when have these rewards been awarded? We take stock, graph in support. Curiously, we go from the Nobel as of the EUROVISION : Every year, at a given date, the most custodials keep the results to find out if, yes or no, a French won.

Friday, all eyes will be turned to Oslo for the successor to the World Food Program (WFP). "I do not think there are obvious favorites this year, in any case in the conventional sense of the term," says the director of the Oslo Peace Research Institute, Henrik Urdal.

Belarus, Climate or Journalists?

Organizations defending the freedom of the press as Reporters Without Borders or the Committee for the Protection of Journalists, based in New York, come back this year again as possible laureates. The opponent Belarusse Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, alone or with his compatriots Maria Kolesnikova and Veronika Tsepkalo, also ranks favorite.

Unless among the 329 candidates in the running, the Nobel Committee chooses the climate cause, with for example the young Swedish Greta Thunberg. "This is the most important problem of the moment," says Nobel's historian, Asle Sveen.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Vaccinal Program for Poor Countries Covax have lost their superb after the controversy and delays in sharing doses.

The Nobel Literature Prize, this French Bastion

 The Nobel Literature Prize, this French Bastion © Jonathan Nobel Prize Medals, photographed in Karlskoga (Sweden), December 16, 2021. The Nobel Prize for Literature 2021 will be awarded this Thursday 7 October. Will he be awarded one or one French? Hard to say. But, given the regular successes of the French authors, the hypothesis is never to dismiss. Especially as Annie Ernaux makes, for some, figure in favorite.

As for the price of literature, it is also particularly open, some predicting a non-Western winner. If the 2017 British winner Kazuo Ishigaro was born in Japan, all the winners for nine years are European or North American, from Bob Dylan to Peter Handke to the American poetess Louise Glück, Sacred last year.

"I think they really want to discover a genius from a place that has been neglected so far. One could call it positive colonialism, "says Jonas Thente, literary criticism on the Swedish daily Dagens Nyheter, who evokes Nigerian Chimamanda Ngozi Adiches. Other tracks: South Korean Ko One, Kenyan Nguigi Wa Thiong'o or Chinese Can Xue, or newcomers like the Indian Vikram Seth, the Mozambican Lusophone Mia Couto and the Chinese opponent Liao Yiwu.

In a period that questions the post-colonialism, the Caribbean American Jamaica Kincaid or the French of Guadeloupe Maryse Condé are also mentioned. Always cited, never winning, Japanese Haruki Murakami would he follow the American path Philip Roth, dead without Nobel?

in Europe, the Russian Ludmila Oulitskaya, the Hungarian Peter Nadas, French Michel Houellebecq or Albanian Ismael Kadaré are also "usual suspicious" as, on the Atlantic, the Canadian Anne Carson and Margaret Atwood and the Americans Joyce Carol Oates and Joan Didion.

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The Last Nobel Prize: Three US economists receive Economic Nobel Prize .
The ensemble of this year's Nobel laureate is complete. The honor in the category economics goes to three economists from the USA. © Photo: Lovisa Engblom / dpa The Golden Medal, which is awarded with the Economic Nobel Prize. The US Economists David Card, Joshua D. Angrist and Guido W. Absns are awarded this year's Nobel Prize for Economics. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm announced that at the end of the days of Nobel Prize announcements.

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