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US News Immigrants report more to the state only what they do not cost, according to OECD

15:25  28 october  2021
15:25  28 october  2021 Source:   liberation.fr

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what to end with far straight fantasies. By making the ratio between the contributions paid by immigrants and public expenditure of the States, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) considers that this cost is equilibrated, and can even be positive, in a study devoted to their "Budget impact" published this Thursday. "In all countries, the contribution of immigrants in the form of taxes and contributions is greater than the expenses that countries devote to their social protection, their health and their education", writes the OECD, in this Report which relates to its 25 Member States between 2006 and 2018.

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In France, the net budget contribution of persons born abroad is 1.02% of GDP, therefore, slightly surplus, against an average of 1.56% on All countries. "This focuses on public debate, particularly in France, it is the cost that immigration can be represented in terms of social spending, health, etc. It is shown that this question should not be observed, because when it is taken into account, it is observed that the contribution is positive until the consideration of military expenditure and the public debt ", Analysis for AFP Jean- Christophe Dumont, head of the OECD migration division.

"Labor population"

"The budget impact of immigrants is low", summarizes Ana Damascus of Matos, author of the study, first on the subject since 2013. These data "reflect the migratory history of each country" , estimates the economist: "In the countries where there has been a lot of recent and young immigration, we will have a more positive contribution, as in Italy or Spain. And vice versa. France, it, is in an intermediate situation, " with an immigrant population more aging.

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There is "a quuproquo between the individual situation of immigrants and the impact of the whole of Their population ", estimates Lionel Ragot, Professor of Economics at Paris-Nanterre University, who had studied the budgetary impact of immigration in France between 1979 and 2011. " Individually, they are more at Unemployment, perceive more allowances, it's true. It is the shortcut that is often put forward to say that they are very expensive in France. Except that this individual result is offset by an age structure, with immigrants that are often in the labor force and therefore contribute much ", abounds. In its past work for CEPII (Center for Prospective Studies and International Information), Lionel Ragot had also estimated this migratory impact between -0.5% and + 0.5% of GDP, or "almost no".

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today, according to the OECD, the public spending on immigrants are lower than for the rest of the population in areas such as old-age pensions and reversion, illness, disability, education, health. They are on the other hand stronger concerning family, unemployment, social exclusion and housing.

In fact, the report details that "the most important gains in budget contribution [...] have been identified in countries that have attracted significant streams of work migrants, in particular highly qualified migrants." "The contribution is positive, but it could be much more positive," says Jean-Christophe Dumont. "Integration policy, it's not an expense, you have to see that as an investment. With a return on investment. "

Unpublished collapse of the flow

In this same report, the OECD points to an unprecedented collapse, at least 30%, migratory flows Member States in 2020. The pandemic also has "end to ten years of improvement" for immigrants in the labor market, according to the international organization. With 3.7 million people who have joined the 25 countries taken into account for the study, immigration reached last year the lowest level recorded since 2003.

The United States, which remain the first country d OECD immigration, recorded a 44% drop compared to 2019, with 576,000 newcomers in 2020. Of the top five OECD destination countries, France, it recorded the lowest decline. (-21%), with 230,000 "new immigrants", according to the OECD.

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