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US News Memorial, Russian Human Rights Pillar, Threatened with Dissolution

08:05  25 november  2021
08:05  25 november  2021 Source:   pressfrom.com

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Siège de l'ONG Memorial à Moscou, le 15 novembre 2021 © Alexander Nemenov Memorial NGO Headquarters in Moscow, November 15, 2021

The Russian Supreme Court must decide on Thursday on the liquidation of the key structure of the key structure Memorial NGO, a long-standing pillar of the defense of human rights in Russia, whose banking would mark a turning point.

This decision comes to crowns months of critical votes of power in Russia, including the closure of independent media and NGOs classified "foreign agents" by justice. The opponent Alexei Navalny was imprisoned and his movement dismantled for "extremism".

Oleg Orlov dans les locaux de l'ONG Memorial,  à Moscou, le 15 novembre 2021 © Alexander Nemenov Oleg Orlov on the premises of the Memorial NGO, in Moscow, on November 15, 2021

created in 1989 by Soviet dissidents whose Nobel Peace Award Andrei Sakharov, Memorial began his work by documenting the crimes Stalinists and Goulag, before embarking on the defense of human rights and political prisoners, two high-risk activities.

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Archives de l'ONG Memorial à Moscou, le 15 novembre 2021 © Alexander Nemenov Archives of the Memorial NGO in Moscow, November 15, 2021

The NGO distinguished by its investigations into Russian abuses in Chechnya, which cost its life to its collaborator Natalia Estemirova, murdered in 2009 . More recently, it has implicated paramilitaries of the "Wagner" group opaque for alleged war crimes in Syria.

Having over the years the main Russian Rights Group, the Organization quickly found itself in the authorities' collimator.

But it is now facing the greatest threat of its existence: the Russian existence required on 8 November the liquidation of its central, memorial international entity, which coordinates the work of the NGO network.

The latter has a decentralized structure, composed of dozens of independent entities through Russia and abroad.

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In accordance with Russian law, the Supreme Court examines this request for dissolution because Memorial International is registered as an international organization.


Video: The Trial of the \ (BFMTV)

Support In addition to anxiety, NGO lawyers will not appeal to the Court's decision before other courts in Russia.

- Legal offensive -

If the Europeans and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights have called for the judgment of prosecutions, the Kremlin has pointed out that Memorial had "for a long time" problems with Russian law.

One of its leaders, Oleg Orlov, explained Tuesday to AFP that the dissolution of International Memorial would complicate "strongly" the work of the NGO by depriving them as a legal basis for hiring employees, receive funds or stores His archives.

Rassemblement devant le tribunal municipal de Moscou contre la dissolution de l'ONG Memorial, le 23 novembre 2021 © Dimitar Dilkoff Gathering in the Moscow Municipal Court against the dissolution of the Memorial NGO, on November 23, 2021

, according to him, "many legal issues" remain unresolved and will depend on the terms and conditions decided by the Supreme Court.

Migration crisis: Poland and Belarus violate human rights at their borders, according to the human rights NGO Human Rights Watch, Polish border guards have "repulsed, sometimes violently" migrants, who Face Belarusian side with inhuman treatments and tor

 Migration crisis: Poland and Belarus violate human rights at their borders, according to the human rights NGO Human Rights Watch, Polish border guards have © Sergei Bobylev / TASS / SIPA USA / SIPA Poland refuses to open its border and plans to build a wall.

The parquet floor complains to Memorial International for breaking up on multiple occasions the law on "foreign agents", to which it has been submitted since 2016

according to the law, "foreign agents" must display this qualifier in all their publications and carry out heavy administrative procedures.

In principle, the Supreme Court can not prohibit by a single decision all Memorial structures in Russia because they have their own legal entities and we should close one by one.

NGO members, however, fear that justice does not find a subterfuge to arbitrarily liquidate the entire network.

At the same time, the Moscow Prosecutor's Office required the liquidation of the Memorial Human Rights Center, an entity that provides assistance to political prisoners, migrants and sexual minorities.

implicated for infringetes to the law on "foreign agents", this center also faces more serious lawsuits: it is accused of apology of "extremism and terrorism" for publishing a List of prisoners members of religious movements prohibited in Russia.

RCO / POP / YBL

80 NGOs are asking Europe to prohibit the use of spyware Pegasus .
NSO Group, which sells this powerful spyware, was sanctioned in early November by the United States. "The European Union should follow the example of the United States, and put [the Israeli NSO Group company] on its list of sanctions and take all appropriate measures to prohibit the sale, transfer, import, the Exporting and using NSO Group's technologies As long as appropriate human rights protection measures have not been put in place.

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