US News Trial of 13-November, Week 12: The Anonymity of Belgian Investigators Made Polemic
The DRC launches a National Commission on Congolese Cultural Heritage
© Virginia Mayo Sculptures at the Royal Central African Museum in Tervuren, Belgium, August 3, 2018. The DRC chose the theme "Art" , culture and heritage "for its rotating presidency of the African Union. This throws a new light on the issue of African heritage enabled in mass towards Europe during the colonial period. Belgium will deposit beginning 2022 a bill to start a refund.
Graduate in Political Communication at Paris XII University, Thibault Guichard, Historian at the Present Time History Institute (IHTP), is also a contractual doctoral student at Paris VIII University. For RFI, he follows the auditions of the trial of the attacks of November 13, 2015, and gives us every Monday his gaze on the conduct of the hearings during the previous week.
RFI: it's a subject that has been rebuttu for several days, like an " sea snake" according to President Jean-Louis' s words : the demand for anonymization of Belgian investigators and their visioconferencing hearing raises disputes . Can we summarize the steps of this debate?
"A ball in the head": Jean-Christophe Lagarde regrets his phrase shock on Éric Zemmour
© Bescetimage "A bullet in the head": Jean-Christophe Lagarde regrets his phrase shock on Éric Zemmour Jean-Christophe Lagarde Helping shocking remarks against Eric Zemmour on 21 November on France Info. Faced with the controversy that this triggered, the President of the UDI decided to apologize on Twitter on Monday, November 22, according to the point. Jean-Christophe Lagarde is at the center of a polemic since its way to France info on Sunday, November 21st.
Thibault Guichard : Mid-November, France Info released a letter from the Belgian Federal Prosecutor Frédéric Van Leeuw, requesting the anonymization of Belgian anti-terrorist police officers. He claimed his astonishment as to the difference in treatment between the French investigators, who are heard anonymously as provided for in our criminal proceedings, and the Belgian policemen.
The question was therefore examined in the House of the Council, that is to say no public, a few days later. A compromise seemed to have been found: the seven investigators cited to testify would intervene anonymously and at a distance, but with uncovered face.
Since this decision has been made, however, several defense lawyers seize the slightest opportunity to assert their grievances and challenge the decision of the Court. To protest against the refusal to appear investigators, or the decision of the Court - it is unclear - four then five accused also decided not to appear at the hearing, a position defended by their lawyer.
Coronavirus: The point on the pandemic in the world
© INA FASSBENDER A child carries a mask in a primary school of Dortmund, West of Germany, November 23, 2021 New measures, new balance sheets and highlights: a Point on the latest evolutions of the Covid-19 pandemic in the world. - Washington advises trips to Germany and Denmark - US authorities have advised Americans to avoid going to Germany and Denmark, hit hard by the new wave of the pandemic stretching in Europe.
From the point of view of the defense, why is the request of the Belgian federal prosecutor's prosecution deemed not legitimate?
The node of the problem, for the defense, it is the respect of the principle of the contradictory. Because the investigators who testify are not the same who have led the investigations and who assume responsibility, defense lawyers believe that it is difficult under these conditions to obtain answers or clarifications on elements. accurate instruction.
Also, it is the system itself of these hearings that poses a problem for some lawyers. Unlike the police officers of the DGSI, the Belgian investigators are accompanied by two other magistrates, who do not intervene, but who attend the totality of their testimony. Some lawyers saw there a symbol of the control and the effect of censorship exercised by the Belgian parquet.
It is probably exaggerated, but that is very important on the issue, many times invoked, with respect for the rules of the proceedings, the rights of the defense, in short of the democratic standard.
Trial of 13-November: the logbook of an ex-hostage of Bataclan, week 11
David Fritz-Goeppinger is part of the dozen people taken hostage by the terrorists in Bataclan. Photographer, he holds his logbook for the duration of the trial of the attacks of 13-November. © Provided by FranceInfo On November 13, 2015, David Fritz-Goeppinger is at Bataclan when the concert hall is attacked by three men, armed with assault rifles and explosive belts. "Never again in my life I will not forget these faces", entrusts David.
What has been seen at the hearing on the behavior of Belgian investigators, the responses they have been able to bring or not to the different issues that have been submitted to them?
The annoyance of the intervention of the Belgian investigators, seems general. Except for the public prosecutor, critics came from all sides: defense lawyers, but also the banks of the civil parties and some victims who follow the trial.
justified or not, these critics testify at any case of a feeling of frustration. Frustration that counter-terrorism services have not intervened in time. The case of surveillance of Brahim Abdeslam does not fail to ask a few questions, which still remain unanswered: was the Federal Intelligence Service seized in February 2015 of the radicalization of the one who will explode Voltaire counter, or only on November 14th? And why was nothing then done? It is useless to want to rewrite the story, of course, but the fact that no clear response is made increases the disarray of several parts.
A vast network of professional tools dismantled: six people inquired .
© DR tool stocks were found in the Clermont-Ferrand region thanks to the survey. More than 400 flights had been identified by the investigators. December 2 and 3, 2021, an investigating judge in Rennes indicated six people. They are criticized for having participated in a large network of tools from professionals on 24 departments in France.