US News Low earner: Great differences in the regions
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In East Germany, the number of low earners is significantly higher than in the west of the republic. Women and people without German citizenship are also more common in the low-wage sector. In urban areas, the share of low earners tends to be lower than in rural areas.Women are above-average often affected by low wages
according to a study by the Economic and Social Science Institute (WSI) The Union-based Hans-Böckler Foundation is considered a gross earlier from under 2,284 euros as a low earner. Especially women are often often affected by 25.4 percent. Even the age and residence permit play a role. This includes employees under 25 years (39 percent) and persons without German citizenship (36.9 percent) more frequently to the low earners.
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According to the WSI study, which relies on charged data of the Federal Employment Agency, the lower charge range has declined significantly in recent years due to highly increased wages. While 21.1 percent of the full-time employees in Germany were still in Germany in 2011 in Germany to the area of low-income earners, it is only 18.7 percent in 2020. But in which sectors and regions is the proportion of low earners especially high?Wolfsburg Thanks to Volkswagen with a low low-income share
of the WSI study, the risk of low income with a share of 68.9 percent is highly high. The areas of temporary work (67.9 percent) and agriculture (52.7 percent) are often represented in the lower fee area. In the public service, however, it looks very different. With a share of only 2.5 percent, the number of low earners is rather small here.
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also in different regions one finds partially significant differences. Thus, the full-time low-income earners there is a clearest east-west slope. "The circles in which the lower charge range extends to more than four out of ten social insurance full-time employees are all in the east," said WSI in his study. These include the Erzgebirgskreis (43.2 percent), Görlitz (42.5 percent), the Saale-Orla district (41.2 percent), Vorpommern-Rügen (40.8 percent) and the Vogtlandkreis (40.2 percent) . Also a city-country difference could observe the WSI. Lower pay ranges are less widespread in large cities than in the countryside. In the east, it can be recognized above all on Jena (18.7 percent), Berlin (19.2 percent) and Dresden (23.3 percent). In the west, Hamburg (13.7 percent), Bremen (16.7 percent) and food (15.0 percent) stand out compared to the rural surroundings. In cities and circles in which large companies have settled, the share of low earners is also particularly low. Thanks toGreater tariff binding could repress the low-wage area , Wolfsburg is at a share of only 6.4 percent.
The reasons for the wage differences are diverse according to the WSI. So the rents in cities are higher than in rural areas, which in turn has an impact on real wages. The qualification level in cities games also a role - urban regions are rather highly qualified workers. Compared to the Handelsblatt, the WSI researchers Eric rope made it clear that the number of low earners and thus the regional differences would be reduced with stronger tariff bonds. Even a minimum wage of twelve euros could counteract the low-wage sector. Tim Adler / Editorial Finanzen.net
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