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Motorcycles Suzuki Parallel Twin Revealed In Patent

05:17  22 august  2020
05:17  22 august  2020 Source:   cycleworld.com

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New patents show Suzuki ’s long-running parallel - twin Recursion concept is still alive and well, and has since spawned a non-turbo version of that powerplant.

Suzuki Motorcycles had filed a patent for a new 250 cc parallel - twin engine. The new engine will be cleaner and will be Euro V compliant as well. It will power the likes of the Suzuki GSX-250R and the Suzuki V-Strom 250.

New models from Suzuki have been a rarity over the last few years, but a newly published patent shows that behind the scenes the firm is still working on the parallel-twin project it first hinted at with the Recursion concept nearly seven years ago.

Seems Suzuki’s long-running Recursion project is still in the works, but has taken on several different forms. © Provided by Cycle World Seems Suzuki’s long-running Recursion project is still in the works, but has taken on several different forms.

It’s been a long and convoluted development path for the twin, which began life as the SOHC, 588cc, turbocharged unit in the Recursion in 2013 before mutating into the 700cc, DOHC XE7 engine that was shown two years later, still packing a turbo but otherwise completely redesigned. Since then, there’s been a stony silence from Suzuki but a steady drip of patents to show the project remains underway.

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Suzuki is working on making its 250 cc parallel - twin engine comply with the stricter Euro 5 emission norms. Patent images of the updated engine reveal It can be seen in the patented images that the new catalytic converter has two oxygen sensors. They keep a check on the exhaust gases before they

The latest patent – published today – gives even more detail. Sadly for us, Suzuki has hidden the bike’s bodywork with a blob that gives only its generic The new patent shows lower, narrower bars than the Recursion’s, angled downwards in a traditional clip-on style. And while the footpeg hangers

a man riding on the back of a motorcycle: The last major redesign saw the SOHC turbocharged engine evolve into this DOHC 700cc XE7 (still with turbo). © Provided by Cycle World The last major redesign saw the SOHC turbocharged engine evolve into this DOHC 700cc XE7 (still with turbo).

Where’s The Boost?

The latest patent from the company, filed in Japan last February but only published on August 20, 2020, is the first news we’ve seen on the Recursion project for a while, but reveals an interesting development—the turbocharger is gone.

Every previous patent about the new design featured the exhaust-driven blower, largely because that’s what led to most of the patentable technology. The turbo impacted the engine’s packaging, its airbox design, its cooling, and its exhaust; after all, apart from the short-lived mid-1980s Japanese efforts, turbos have been largely ignored by bike designers.

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Suzuki has long been rumoured to have a sporty GSX-R300 in the pipeline for 2019 and now there’s evidence to suggest those whispers are true: the firm has filed patent applications for a completely new parallel twin From what we hear, the GSX-R300 is set to be revealed in late 2018 as a 2019 model.

Recent patent filings show that Honda is working on a streetbike utilizing a parallel - twin engine. Drawings show what appears to be the powerplant from the new Africa Twin , with identical engine mounting points to that model, in two frame configurations. One is a cradle-type frame, while the other

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The new Suzuki patent, however, shows the XE7 engine shorn of its turbo and intercooler, adopting a much simpler, normally aspirated layout instead. That doesn’t mean the turbo version has been killed; it’s just that the boosted version has needed much more development, leading to all the patents that have kept us informed of its progress. The chances are that a normally aspirated version of the engine has always been part of Suzuki’s plan, but the more conventional design means it simply hasn’t required additional patents.

a close up of a map: Newly obtained patents show the powerplant taking on a more basic, normally aspirated form. © Provided by Cycle World Newly obtained patents show the powerplant taking on a more basic, normally aspirated form.

So What’s New Here?

In this instance, the patent relates simply to the layout and position of the catalytic converter, which is sited diagonally across the front face of the engine. The idea is that putting the cat at that angle locates it close to the exhaust ports to ensure it heats up quickly after the engine starts while also allowing it to be long and wide enough to be effective without sacrificing ground clearance like an under-engine design would.

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Back in 2013 it revealed the Recursion concept bike, powered by a single-turbo, single-cam, 588cc parallel twin making 100hp. The Suzuki project is still secret but the firm has filed several patent applications in Japan that give us a good view of both the bike’s intentions and the technical solutions

Suzuki Parallel Twin Revealed In Patent .

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The turbocharged version, which appeared in its own catalyst-related patents published last year, manages to use shorter header pipes leading straight into the turbo, with the catalyst fitted straight to the turbo’s exhaust and placed vertically down the front of the engine. Without the turbo, the exhaust header pipe lengths are more important to the engine’s performance and power delivery, needing to be longer than those used on the turbo version, hence the repositioned catalytic converter.

a close up of a logo: Without a turbo, the normally aspirated engine has to accommodate longer header pipes and reposition the cat. © Provided by Cycle World Without a turbo, the normally aspirated engine has to accommodate longer header pipes and reposition the cat.

How Will The Non-Turbo XE7 Stack Up?

With its roughly 700cc capacity and parallel-twin layout, the new Suzuki twin is likely to be a rival to the likes of Kawasaki’s Ninja 650 and Z650 models and Yamaha’s MT-07, with about 80 hp on tap.

As such, the engine looks like a viable replacement for the ancient 650cc V-twin used in the SV650 and V-Strom 650. As well as having a cleaner, more modern design than the V-twin SV650 engine—which can trace its roots back more than 20 years—a parallel twin cuts down on the component count when compared to a V-twin design, with half the number of camshafts and a simpler cam drive system, to reduce manufacturing costs. It’s also easier to package in a bike, simplifying exhaust routing and eliminating longstanding V-twin problems like how to mount the rear shock away from the rear cylinder head and its exhaust heat.

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With Honda’s CB500 range, Kawasaki’s 650s, and Yamaha’s MT-07 and Ténéré 700 all enjoying the advantages of the parallel-twin layout for their midsize machines, Suzuki’s V-twin design has become an outlier. The firm is clearly looking to follow the same route as its rivals in the future.

a close up of a map: The new parallel twin under development could reduce manufacturing costs and replace Suzuki’s aging SV650 V-twin engine. © Provided by Cycle World The new parallel twin under development could reduce manufacturing costs and replace Suzuki’s aging SV650 V-twin engine.

What About The Turbo Version?

With patent activity still ongoing, the turbocharged version of Suzuki’s new parallel twin remains a live project even seven years on from the original Recursion concept bike’s debut at the Tokyo Motor Show.

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It’s hard to second-guess the power it might make, since it depends entirely on the levels of boost used, but it should be easy to make GSX-R600-matching power figures or even GSX-R750 levels of performance. Both those bikes are showing their age and have been dropped from many international markets due to emissions rules, so the development of the new parallel twin could be Suzuki’s route back into the sportbike market.

a motorcycle parked on the side of a road: Seven years on, there’s still hope of seeing the Recursion reach production, though not necessarily in this form. © Provided by Cycle World Seven years on, there’s still hope of seeing the Recursion reach production, though not necessarily in this form.

What’s more, the torque boost of a turbo means the blown version of the XE7 engine could also act as a replacement for the 1,050cc V-twin of the V-Strom 1050, another ages-old engine with roots going back to the mid-‘90s TL1000S motor. That means that by creating a range of normally aspirated and turbocharged versions of the same parallel twin, Suzuki could spawn an engine that powers machines all through its model range, creating huge economies of scale by allowing seemingly disparate bikes to share large numbers of components.

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