Ownership What You Need To Know When Selecting Wheels and Tires

22:26  27 march  2018
22:26  27 march  2018 Source:   hotrod.com

How To Bring New Life To Old Wheels

  How To Bring New Life To Old Wheels Sanding and painting can make your old wheels look new and unique.First, sand the wheels with a heavy grit sandpaper. I used my power sander, but in the past, I've done this by hand as well. One time I even had access to a sandblasting box, which produced the best results. Whatever method you use, this will knock all of the loose bits of the flaky finish off and smooth out the edges between bare metal and the finish that still sticks. In my experience, sanding the entire wheel down to bare metal is not necessary, especially if you're not entering the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance anytime soon. Make sure you sand in all the little nooks and crannies as well.

Of all the elements involved with street rod styling, the combination of wheels , tires , and stance may very well be the most critical. When numeric tire sizing was used a 6.50-15 tire was 6.5 inches wide and fit a 15-inch wheel .

No Video on Demand What You Need To Know When Selecting Wheels and Tires .

Of all the elements involved with street rod styling, the combination of wheels, tires, and stance may very well be the most critical. Use the wrong combination of rolling stock and it's difficult, if not impossible, to ignore and may cause all the other cool elements of the car to go unappreciated.

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What You Need to Know When Buying Your Next Set of Rims. Posted in How To: Wheels Tires on November 11, 2016. Share this. Harry Wagner Contributor. Photographers: Manufacturers. When you buy a new set of wheels for your rig, the most important factor is looks. That’s OK.

All-weather tires use harder rubber compounds than true Nordic tires , but are softer than all-seasons. Tread patterns are designed to provide straight-line stability and carry away slush and water. Log in Subscribe to comment Why do I need to subscribe?

Although the look of the wheel and tire combo is important performance is part of the package as well. There are growing numbers of builders who want more rubber to meet the road to enhance their car's grip, but regardless of what you're after, traditional bigs 'n' littles or the latest in fat and sticky low-profile rollers, the challenge is figuring out what will fit before buying wheels and tires that won't fit. One of the best methods to do that is with a tire-mounting fixture that Dean Livermore, at Hot Rods by Dean uses called the Tire Mount Mate.

Available from WheelWorks, this clever tool allows tires to be testfit by simulating a wheel's diameter, width, and backspacing. Kits are available for a variety of vehicles, including eight-lug trucks, however, the most popular kit for street rodders simulates wheels from 14- to 20-inch diameter up to 16.5 inches wide with up to 12 inches of backspacing.

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Replacing your car's tires is usually an unwanted expense and often an intimidating buying experience. But here's what you need to know to make the new tire buying process much less painful.

The issues are many and rather complex: Do you need snow tires or will all-seasons do? Should you have an extra set of wheels ? Bike Tire Sizes, Treads and Other Things to Consider When Buying. What Painters Need to Know About Color Theory.

Once you've figured out what will fit in the space available there is some basic information about wheels you should be familiar with before making what is often a substantial investment.

Bolt Patterns

This consists of two numbers, such as 5-on-4.5. The first number is the number of mounting holes; the second is the diameter of the circle the holes are laid out on. In this example there would be five holes in a 4.5-inch circle. Some wheels will have two sets of boltholes, 5-on-4-.5 (often referred to the late Ford/Mopar pattern) and 5-on-4.75 (found on many Chevrolets).

Wheel Width

This simple measurement can be confusing. It's the width of the wheel from bead seat to bead seat and does not include the flanges that are outside the tire.


Like the width of a wheel, the diameter is from bead seat to bead seat and does not include the outer flanges on each side.

Wheel Offset

This is the distance from the mounting surface of the wheel and the wheel's centerline. Zero offset means that the wheel's mounting surface and the centerline are the same. Positive offset means the mounting surface is toward the outer edge of the wheel. Negative offset means the mounting surface is toward the back of the wheel. (A classic example is a "reversed" wheel.)

Center Register

Wheels must be centered on the hubs—this is done by two different methods. With hub-centric designs (most often used with OEM steel wheels) the center hole in the wheel fits tightly on (and is supported by) the hub as well as the studs. Lug-centric wheels have a larger center hole than the hub (or axle protrusion) and are located by the lug nuts.

44th Annual Town Fair Tire Boston World of Wheels

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Other than looking at the tread indicator there are a couple of great things you can do to help you with your tire replacement. A great way to always be aware of when your vehicle is going to need new tires is to not only be aware of their treads but also to be aware of your current tires road warranties.

To know which tires are best, read reliable reviews such as those from Edmunds, Tire Rack and Consumer Reports (a subscription may be required). Expect to spend from 0 to almost 0 per tire , installed, for top-quality brands. When To Install Them

The X-Factor

The X-Factor is the amount of clearance between the wheel and the disc brake caliper. This has become increasingly important with the popularity of large-diameter aftermarket brakes.

Lug Nut Style

There are several different types of lug nuts available and it is very important to match them to the wheels being used. Conical seat lug nuts are available with 60- or 45-degree taper with 60 degrees being the most common—they are found on most OEM and aftermarket wheels. What's called an ET-style lug nut also has a 60-degree conical seat with a short extended shank to allow for more thread engagement. Because 45-degree lug nuts have a wider surface contacting the wheel some racing organizations (such as NASCAR) require them.

Shank-style lug nuts, often referred to as mag wheel nuts, have an extended portion that fits into straight holes in the wheel and uses flat washers. When using mag wheel lug nuts make sure the shanks are not so long that they bottom out against the hub. Also, when using any lug nut with a closed end, make sure the stud does not bottom out in the nut, as in both cases the wheel will be loose.

Ball seat lug nuts look similar to the conical style, but their seating surface is rounded rather that straight—they are normally found on import vehicles. The important thing to remember is the lug nuts and wheels must be compatible.

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When selecting new tires is not recommended to deviate from the value of the regular departure of more than 3-5 mm in one direction or another. And from the conveyor the car came with 17-and then 18-inch wheels . Although known to use wheels up to 20 inches.

From understanding the terminology to understanding the risks involved, we’ve put together this handy guide outlining what you need to know before you buy. Where the move to a larger wheelset really sneaks up on your wallet is when it comes to tires . Unlike wheels , tires can cost a great deal as the

Interpreting Tire Speak

At one time about all there was on the sidewall of a tire was the brand name and size. When numeric tire sizing was used a 6.50-15 tire was 6.5 inches wide and fit a 15-inch wheel. Today there is much more information in the tire code found on the sidewalls: The first letter in the size code indicates the intended use of the tire. P stands for passenger vehicles; LT means light truck tire, vehicles towing trailers or have 3/4- and 1-ton load capacity; ST stands for Special Trailer, as the name implies they are for trailers. If there's no letter before the first number the tire is a metric or European loadrated tire.

Tire Size

Using a P225/50/R17 as an example, the P stands for passenger car; 225 is the tire's section width from sidewall to sidewall in millimeters. The next number, 50 in this case, is aspect ratio or the percentage of the tire's sidewall height compared to its width—50 means that the tire's section height is 50 percent of the tire's section width. The larger the aspect number, the taller the tire's sidewall.


A single letter indicates the internal construction of the tire: R is for radial tires, D is for tires built with diagonal plies (bias-ply construction).

Wheel Diameter

This two-digit number specifies what size wheel the tire fits.

Load Index and Speed Rating

Example: P225/50/R17 98H

The load index and speed rating come after the tire size. Load indicates the weight the tire can carry and is represented by a number that refers to a load index chart. In this case 98 indicates 1,653 pounds.

You can now buy tires at Amazon and get them installed at Sears

  You can now buy tires at Amazon and get them installed at Sears One more thing you can add (relatively) worry-free to your Amazon shopping cart.Amazon and Sears now have an answer for that. Buy tires on Amazon—any brand—and you'll now get the option to install them at a Sears Auto Center.

If your tires are worn unevenly, you may feel a vibration in the steering wheel when you are driving. Your tires probably need to be rebalanced. ↑ KwikFit, What do I need to know about UK tire law?, tire law.

Buying a bike tire isn't so simple. Size, tread and other factors affect performance and durability. Here's what you need to know when buying bikes tires . What You Should Know About Winter Tires . What Makes a Bike a Mountain Bike and Do You Need One? Mountain Bike Wheel Size Is It Time

Speed ratings are represented by letters ranging from A to Z. At the time this rating was devised 149 mph seemed adequate. But thanks to some supercars W and Y tires are now available.

Rating Maximum Speed
Q100 mph
S112 mph
T118 mph
U124 mph
H130 mph
V149 mph
W168 mph
Y186 mph
ZOver 149 mph

Tire ID

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) requires that tires be identified by the letters DOT, followed by letters and/or numbers that identify the manufacturing location, tire size, and manufacturer's code, along with the week and year the tire was manufactured. Since 2000, the last four digits of the code indicate the week and year the tire was produced—the first pair represents the week, the second pair indicates the year. Tires manufactured before 2000 used a three-letter code at the end of the id numbers; two numbers to indicate the week followed by a single number for the year.

Tire Grading

NHTSA developed tests to grade tires in three areas:

Treadwear: This is the wear rate of the tire compared to other tires offered by the same manufacturer, with 100 being the baseline number. A tire with a wear rate of 200 should last twice as long.

Traction: Traction grades are AA, A, B, and C (with AA being the highest grade)—they represent stopping distance on wet pavement.

Temperature: The temperature grades are A, B, and C from the lowest to the highest and indicate the tire's ability to dissipate heat.

Replacement Due to Age

Over the past few years many tire shops have begun refusing to mount, balance, or repair any tire that is over 6 years old. Although there is no law or regulation we have found that addresses this, the reason given for the policy is liability since a number of auto companies have suggested that tires be replaced after six years. Ironically several major tire manufacturers tell us that tires should be good for up to 10 years if they are not damaged.

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