•   
  •   
  •   

Food From Pakistan to the Caribbean: Trace curry's journey around the world

12:26  23 january  2020
12:26  23 january  2020 Source:   cnn.com

Everything you need to consider before adopting a pet

  Everything you need to consider before adopting a pet Adopting a pet can be a rewarding and wonderful experience—but only if you’ve prepared yourself for the enormous life shift that will happen when you bring your furry friend home. Whether you want a dog or a cat, there are some things to consider ahead of any adoption. Here are 20.

In the Caribbean , curry is particularly prevalent in former British colonies such as Jamaica, Saint Well known around the world , this relatively dry curry dish is made with beef or chicken braised in In South Korea, curry is said to have begun making an appearance in the cuisine after World War II.

Shutterstock In the Caribbean , curry is particularly prevalent in former British colonies such as The arrival of curry in the region can be traced back to the mid-1800 s , after the British Empire abolished Well known around the world , this relatively dry curry dish is made with beef or chicken braised in a

In 2019, ubiquitous Japanese curry house chain CoCo Ichibanya restaurant announced plans to bring its popular "curry rice" to India in 2020.

a bowl of food sitting on top of a wooden table: Beef Haleem© Shutterstock Beef Haleem

It might seem counter-intuitive to eat CoCo Ichibanya's relatively mild, sweet Japanese dish in the land of curry.

But the move underscores the sheer variety and complexity of curry -- a word that's long been misunderstood.

Curry is not a single spice, nor is it related to the namesake curry tree (though the leaves are used in many dishes in India).

The catch-all umbrella term refers to a "spiced meat, fish or vegetable stew," either freshly prepared as a powder or spice paste or purchased as a ready-made mixture," writes Colleen Sen in her book "Curry: A Global History."

These 10 rum distilleries are the best in the Caribbean

  These 10 rum distilleries are the best in the Caribbean A golden nectar born in the Caribbean, rum is the star attraction in a myriad of cocktails. For the real deal, it's bottoms up at the Best Caribbean Rum Distilleries as voted in the 2019 USA TODAY 10Best Readers' Choice Awards.For a liquid history lesson worth its sea salt, check out the Best Caribbean Rum Distilleries as voted in the 2019 USA TODAY 10Best Readers' Choice Awards.

Curry goat is a dish that is made during special occasions in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan , and Nepal.[1][2] Goat is a popular meat of choice for Hindus because they do not eat beef and for " From Pakistan to the Caribbean : Trace curry ' s journey around the world - CNN Travel".

From Pakistan to the Caribbean : Curry ' s journey around the world . First timers will want to head to the top of the Empire State Building and stand beneath the glare of the lights of Times Square. But there’s so much more to see and do, whether it’s catching an Off-Broadway play, checking out world

According to Sen's book, the word curry most likely comes from a misunderstanding of the southern Indian word "kari," which "denoted a spiced dish of sauteed vegetables and meat."

"In the 17th century, the Portuguese [who colonized Goa in western India] took the word to mean a 'spiced stew' over rice and 'kari' eventually became 'caril' or 'caree' in Portuguese, then 'curry' in English," Sen tells CNN Travel.

Curry, which is thought to have originated as early as 2500 BCE in what is modern-day Pakistan, has since evolved into a truly global food, having traveled the world through colonization and immigration, indentured labor, trade and entrepreneurship.

Today, curry is everywhere, from chicken tikka masala in the UK to fiery green curry in Thailand, kare raisu in Japan and curry goat in Jamaica.

The best Caribbean cruise for every type of traveler

  The best Caribbean cruise for every type of traveler There is no shortage of choice for a cruise to the Caribbean — the most popular place in the world for cruising. More than 200 cruise ships spend at least part of every year in the region. Cruise-selling websites list thousands of individual Caribbean sailings. This can be great news for would-be Caribbean cruisers. But …This can be great news for would-be Caribbean cruisers. But it’s also pretty overwhelming.

◎ The world ' s history was the focus of attention in the third installment of the “Rounding Around the World ” series! By simply tracing the main line, you can get tips on drawing pictures as if you were sketching various scenery. With all the pictures being explained, you can enjoy the feeling of traveling

Curry is a variety of dishes originating in the Indian subcontinent that use a complex combination of spices or herbs, usually including ground turmeric, cumin, coriander, ginger, and fresh or dried chilies.

"I don't think there's a place in the world that doesn't have some kind of curry," says Sen.

If you're a curry lover, follow your cravings around the world by heading to these 12 destinations:

India

a plate of food with stew: Butter chicken curry with basmati rice and limes.© Shutterstock Butter chicken curry with basmati rice and limes.

Indian cuisine is incredibly diverse and complex, with local specialties and traditions varying from state to state and community to community.

It's impossible to sum up India's various "curries" in a few lines. But if there's one dish that can be found on menus across the country, it'd be murgh makhani -- better known around the world as butter chicken.

This famous dish -- created by chef and restaurateur Kundan Lal Gujral in New Delhi in 1948 -- stars yogurt-marinated chicken baked in a tandoor oven, then smothered in a rich creamy sauce of tomatoes, onions and spices.

Vindaloo is another famous export and a must-try when in its hometown of Goa. Derived from the Portuguese phrase, "vinha d'alhos" (meaning meat marinated in garlic and wine vinegar), this hot and spicy dish is traditionally made with pork, vinegar, tomato, onion, red chillies, garlic and a complicated spice mix.

The Little Jarred Condiment That Saved My Weeknight Dinners

  The Little Jarred Condiment That Saved My Weeknight Dinners It's the end of the long workday (or the start of an extra-long week) and you're hungry. I’ll admit it: Condiments have taken over the entire top shelf of my fridge. Miso, tahini, fish sauce, preserved lemons, anchovy paste, chili crisp, four different kinds of mustard on last count. I reach for them often because they’re simple ways to add pizzazz to all sorts of dishes—whether to flavor a dish from the inside out, or as a final flourish on the plate. Despite a never-ending battle to keep them organized and in plain sight, I can't imagine weeknight cooking without this lineup.

The journey of a lifetime, a ten week sea voyage from Southampton to Southampton around South America and into the Caribbean .

Ultimate guide for planning your journey to the Karakoram Highway, including travel tips, itinerary Therefore, the Karakorum Highway has attracted travelers from all over the world for decades; not only Nevertheless, if you plan to cross from Pakistan to China, or vice-versa, you should know that

Other delicious curry dishes include: Fragrant, creamy korma (a once imperial Mughal dish made with a yogurt sauce, turmeric and nut paste); rogan josh (an aromatic curry usually made with slow-cooked lamb or mutton); sweet and sour dhansak lentil curry from the Parsi community; chickpea-centric chana masala (masala meaning "a mix of ground spices"); peppery saag with mustard greens from northern India; maacher jhol fish curry from West Bengal; and warming rajma masala from the Punjab region.

Japan

a plate of food on a table: Japan's thick and mellow curry usually features chunks of stewed beef, onions and carrots over a bed of rice.© JNTO Japan's thick and mellow curry usually features chunks of stewed beef, onions and carrots over a bed of rice.

Typically mild and thick, Japanese curry, kare raisu, is eaten across the country and even considered a de facto national dish, alongside ramen.

"In a survey, the Japanese named curry rice as one of their three favorite home-cooked dishes, while Japanese schoolchildren voted it the best meal served in the lunch program," says Sen.

"It is the Japanese version of comfort food, with no pretensions to class or elegance."

Curry has a long history in the country, thought to have been introduced by British officers and merchants in the 1800s.

How to Make Thai Green Curry Paste from Scratch

  How to Make Thai Green Curry Paste from Scratch If your top priority is vivid flavor and aromatic intensity, DIY green curry paste is the way to go.The moment you open the door to Khao Kang, you know you’re in the company of people who take their food seriously. Aromas of fish sauce, coconut, and prickly herbs hit you in concussive bursts. As you step closer to a steam table containing a dozen-odd dishes to ladle over rice, the aromas marry and snap into focus: a twang of fermented bamboo in brothy, sour curry; the meaty whiff of kua kling, a dry curry of ground pork in a thick coat of spices, comforting as sloppy joe and hotter than a subway station in August.

"At the beginning of the Meiji Era (1868-1912) Japanese ports were first opened to foreigners," explains Sen.

"The Japanese military wanted to encourage meat consumption as a way of building up the strength of Japanese youth, and curry with rice was an ideal way to incorporate vegetables, rice and meat into one inexpensive yet substantial meal."

Usually cooked with pre-made spice mixes or curry roux, Japan's thick and mellow variation usually features chunks of stewed beef, onions and carrots over a bed of rice.

Some curry blends, such as the popular Vermont Curry, also incorporate honey and grated apple to add sweetness.

Another common incarnation of curry in Japan is the ever-satisfying katsu karē, a hearty dish of crispy fried pork cutlets (called tonkatsu) and a thick, brown gravy over rice.

"Japanese curry is very interesting to me -- it's the antithesis of Japanese food, which is so elegant and beautifully presented," adds Sen.

"The curry is just a mess of brown sauce, but the Japanese just love it. It's the epitome of home cooking."

The Caribbean

a plate full of food: A plate of Jamaican curried goat, served with traditional rice and peas.© Shutterstock A plate of Jamaican curried goat, served with traditional rice and peas.

In the Caribbean, curry is particularly prevalent in former British colonies such as Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago.

12 Best Pools in Las Vegas

  12 Best Pools in Las Vegas Las Vegas may be in the middle of a desert, but watering holes are everywhere.

The arrival of curry in the region can be traced back to the mid-1800s, after the British Empire abolished slavery in 1833 and freed more than 800,000 African slaves around the world.

Since liberated slaves were no longer willing to work on sugar cane plantations, the British enlisted indentured laborers from the Indian subcontinent -- India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka -- to make up for the labor shortage.

According to Sen's book, 1.5 million Indians migrated to other parts of the British Empire between 1834 and 1917, including 114,000 to Trinidad and Tobago and 36,000 to Jamaica.

The mass migration resulted in an influx of new cooking techniques, ingredients and dishes, including curry.

In Trinidad and Tobago, curry has "become a symbol of national identity" over the past two centuries.

Curry dishes commonly feature crab, shrimp, duck, chickpeas, potatoes -- and lobster for celebrations -- as well as cumin-heavy sauces and roti on the side.

"In Trinidad, they use different spices based on what they have," says Sen. "So you see a lot of cumin, coriander, fenugreek [a herb similar to clover] and turmeric in a typical Trinidadian spice mixture."

Likewise, in Jamaica, a mix of British and Indian influence gave rise to a localized variety of curry goat -- the island's most popular curry dish.

Prepared on special occasions, curry goat is tender and aromatic, thanks to ingredients like coconut milk, garlic, onion, allspice, thyme, Scotch bonnet chilli peppers, tomatoes and lots of turmeric for a sunny yellow hue.

Our Most Challenging Dessert Recipes

  Our Most Challenging Dessert Recipes Challenge yourself with some of our hardest dessert recipes.

Thailand

a close up of a bowl of soup: Thailand's curry dishes often include coconut milk.© courtesy Mark Wiens Thailand's curry dishes often include coconut milk.

During the fourth century, Indian traders and Buddhist missionaries are thought to have disseminated spices and herbs like tamarind and garlic, shallots, ginger and lemongrass across Southeast Asia.

Later, in the 16th century, the Portuguese introduced chilli peppers -- now a staple ingredient in Thai food.

Over time, Thai people incorporated these ingredients into their own dishes, which gave rise to the country's famously aromatic, spicy curries.

Often made with coconut milk, Thai curry dishes vary across the country. Generally speaking, you'll see more drier varieties up north and wetter variations in central Thailand and down south, where coconut milk is more common.

Thai curries (or "gaeng" in Thai) come in a stoplight of colors -- red, yellow and green -- and strive to strike a balance between sweet, sour, salty and spicy.

Setting them apart, Thai curries typically contain fermented shrimp paste, as well as lemon juice, palm sugar and holy basil.

Of course, Thailand has more than just three types of curries -- these are just the basics.

Look for ultra-fiery khua kling dry beef curry from southern Thailand; rich, peanutty massaman curry that's common near the border with Malaysia; and panang curry, a slightly sweeter, milder variation of red curry, and dozens more.

Sri Lanka

a plate of food with rice meat and vegetables: Parippu, or dhal curry, is a staple in any Sri Lankan restaurant or household.© Mark Wiens/cnn Parippu, or dhal curry, is a staple in any Sri Lankan restaurant or household.

As a major link along ancient spice trade routes and a former British colony, Sri Lanka has a long relationship with curry.

"In the 19th century, the British established tea, cinnamon, rubber, sugar, coffee and indigo plantations on the island and brought in thousands of indentured laborers from Tamil Nadu [in southern India] to work on them," explains Sen.

Justin Bieber, JVN and More Men Using Beauty to Pass Time in Self-Quarantine

  Justin Bieber, JVN and More Men Using Beauty to Pass Time in Self-Quarantine As celebrities bunker down to stay at-home in self-quarantine during the coronavirus pandemic, a lot of A-list men have been sharing their regular beauty indulgences and grooming habits and we are here for it. From Johnny Depp to Harry Styles, These Celebrity Men are Making ‘Man-icures’ a Thing Some are taking this time to grow out facial hair like Jim Carrey. He’s been posting to Twitter daily to show off the progress of his salt-and-pepper beard’s growth. “Day 3. Beard growth seems slower in isolation,” he wrote in a Tweet on Wednesday, March 25. Already yearning for the life I had before all the stubble began.” Then there’s others that are going the completely opposite direction and shaving everything off. Jonathan Van Ness typically sports a very full amount of facial hair but on Saturday, March 21, he decided to shave it all off. Before he did that, though, he played around with a new chin-only look that was adorably playful. See How the Stars Do At-Home Style During the Coronavirus Outbreak Stephen Colbert thought he was going to grow out his facial hair, but instead decided to get rid of it. In the process, he also decided to “zhuzh up” the rest of his face using his wife’s makeup. This included a tinted moisturizer and multitasking pink eye primer, shadow and liner, which he uses to give himself a little cat eye. Justin Bieber has been staying put with his wife Hailey Baldwin and between shooting Tik Tok videos, the couple indulged in a little facial routine.

In addition, the island is also home to millions of Sinhalese people, an ethnic group who emigrated from northern India thousands of years ago.

Thanks to influences from both the Sinhalese and southern Indian communities, curry comes in a rainbow of colors, from bright yellow to creamy white, bright red and rich brown.

Though flavors vary widely, curries often make use of ingredients like coconut milk, tamarind, Maldivian fish, green chili, mustard seed, coriander and cumin.

Among the many types of curries, look for popular varieties like parippu (dhal curry), polos (green jackfruit curry), rich red kukul mas (chicken curry), white chicken curry (usually made with aromatic lemongrass and pandan leaves) and ambul thiyal (sour fish curry).

To get the lay of the culinary land, sit down for "rice and curry."

This staple Sri Lankan meal includes rice, at least one curry, and anywhere from four to 12 side dishes of chutney, pickles and sambol (spicy condiments).

A few bites in and you'll be thankful for the rice -- Sri Lankan food can be gut-scorchingly spicy.

Pakistan

a plate of food on a table: Pakistan's cuisine is heavily influenced by the Mughals (a Muslim dynasty that ruled India from 16th to 18th century).© Shutterstock Pakistan's cuisine is heavily influenced by the Mughals (a Muslim dynasty that ruled India from 16th to 18th century).

Established in 1947 following the end of British colonial rule and the violent partition of India, Pakistan sees strong influences from the Mughals (a Muslim dynasty that ruled India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century) in its cuisine.

This majority Muslim country tends to prepare dishes with beef, chicken or fish as well as lots of spices, such as nutmeg, cumin, turmeric, bay leaves, cardamom and black pepper.

Curry is incredibly popular, with dozens of varieties on offer all over the country, from famous slow-cooked haleem (a stew-like dish of wheat, barley, meat, lentils and spices) to spicy karahi (made with garlic, spices, vinegar, tomatoes and onions with mutton or chicken), bitter gourd curry, saag (a spiced puree of spinach and mustard greens), chickpea curry and daal chawal, a must-try comfort food usually served with rice or roti.

The list doesn't end there: Don't miss a warming aloo gosht (meat and potato curry); hearty, rich mutton korma; lobia daal (black-eyed peas curry); and goat paya, a slow-cooked curry starring incredibly tender trotters.

Maldives

a plate of food on a table: Mas riha is a popular Maldivian fish curry.© Shutterstock Mas riha is a popular Maldivian fish curry.

The small island nation of the Maldives has a rich culinary scene that includes lots of curry.

Revolving around a trio of staple ingredients -- coconut, fish and various starches -- Maldivian food has been highly influenced by centuries of trade with India, Africa and the Middle East.

When it comes to curry, you can expect hot and spicy creations that often feature seafood and tropical fruit.

Typically consumed with rice or roshi flatbread, mas riha (fish curry) is one of the most common types of localized curries.

Creamy and decadent, this delicious dish is typically made with coconut milk, fresh chilies, cinnamon, a mix of spices and chunks of diced tuna.

Sweet and sour anbu riha (mango tuna curry) is another highlight, as is kukulhu riha (chicken curry).

You'll also find a wide variety of vegetarian curries, from eggplant to pumpkin, potato, cauliflower and green banana.

South Africa

In highly diverse South Africa, curry (or "kerries") can be traced to colonial times.

After the Dutch East India Company set up a settlement on the cape to facilitate trade between Europe and Southeast Asia in the mid-1600s, they shipped in slaves from Indonesia, Madagascar and India, who collectively formed the Cape Malay ethnic community.

Fusing their own traditions with readily available spices, Cape Malay cooks developed several styles of sweet and savory curries, from tomato-infused chicken curry to slow-cooked lamb curry.

Later, the British took over the cape and relocated hundreds of thousands of indentured workers from southern India to work on plantations.

Their influential cooking style gave rise to much-loved Durban curry -- a fiery, oily and robust red curry that's often made with lamb, chicken, fish and crab.

A few decades later, a wave of businessmen from India's western Gujarat state moved to South Africa, where many set up spice shops and restaurants.

These entrepreneurs are credited for the famous "bunny cho" -- essentially a bread bowl filled with curry and topped with Indian pickles.

"One explanation of its name is that in Durban, Indian merchants were often called 'banias,' the name of a caste of traders," explains Sen.

These traders opened small restaurants which, because of apartheid, black people couldn't enter -- but they could illegally be served at the back door. "The dish was named bunny chow, from 'bania chow,'" explains Sen.

Malaysia

a bowl of food: Chicken curry kapitan is made from tamarind juice, candlenuts, fresh turmeric root and belacan (shrimp paste.)© Darshini Kandasamy Chicken curry kapitan is made from tamarind juice, candlenuts, fresh turmeric root and belacan (shrimp paste.)

Due to its position along the Strait of Malacca, an important maritime trade route between east and west, Malaysia's culinary traditions have been influenced by centuries of cultural exchange.

From the late 1700s, Britain had a presence in several parts of present-day Malaysia and Singapore.

As with its many other trading ports and colonies, the British hired laborers from India to work on rubber and palm plantations.

With the immigrants came curry. Tangy fish head curry, Tamil-influenced chicken varuval, warming dalcha lentil curry ... Malaysia's curries are as delicious as they are diverse.

Nyonya cuisine -- dishes created by the Straits-Chinese community -- also plays an important role in Malaysia's culinary melting pot.

One of the best known Nyonya curries is kari ayam (bone-in chicken curry) which features a mix of Chinese techniques and Malaysian ingredients, including shrimp paste, coconut milk, star anise, cinnamon, fish sauce, kaffir lime, turmeric, ginger and more.

Sen also points to curry chicken kapitan, which sees pieces of chicken sauteed in curry paste then simmered in coconut milk, tangy tamarind water and aromatic cinnamon.

Another popular dish that's enjoyed across Malaysia and Indonesia, particularly during holidays and festivals, is rendang.

Well known around the world, this relatively dry curry dish is made with beef or chicken braised in a sauce of coconut milk, lemongrass, ginger, and cinnamon for an ultra-tender texture.

Indonesia

a bowl of food on a plate: Rich and spicy gulai is a popular Indonesia curry dish.© Melanie Wood/CNN Rich and spicy gulai is a popular Indonesia curry dish.

Like Malaysia, Indonesia sees notable influences from Indian, Chinese and Middle Eastern food traditions thanks to centuries of international trade and colonization.

The sheer variety of curries across the nation's 17,000-some islands is astounding, with dishes evolving based on whatever local meats and vegetables are available.

Depending on which region you're exploring, look for dishes like gulai kambing (a rich, spicy coconut milk-based lamb curry), kari ayam (chicken curry), and world-famous rendang.

To try a few curries in one go, a nasi padang experience is your best bet.

At this buffet-like meal, you can choose a sampling of spicy sambals and curries -- like gulai otak (brain curry), gulai kepala ikan (fish head curry) in a creamy coconut sauce, and gulai cubadak (unripe jackfruit curry).

South Korea

a plate of food with a fork: Curry tteokbokki is made with rice and fish cakes, veggies and eggs.© courtesy Korean Tourism Organization Curry tteokbokki is made with rice and fish cakes, veggies and eggs.

In South Korea, curry is said to have begun making an appearance in the cuisine after World War II.

Before and during the war, Japan controlled Korea and roughly 2.4 million Korean people lived in Japan.

"Many had migrated during the 1920s; some were taken as forced labor before and during World War II," explains Sen. "After Japan's surrender, most were repatriated to Korea -- only about 600,000 remained."

While in Japan, Koreans became familiar with many local foods, including curry, and later tried to recreate the recipes at home.

Curry proliferated after a company called Ottogi produced ready-to-make curry powders and instant curries in the 1960s.

Since then, Sen says curry rice (a stew of beef, carrots, potatoes and onions over rice) and curry tteokbokki -- a stew-like gravy with tteok (rice cakes), fish cakes, vegetables and eggs -- have become two of the most popular home-cooked meals.

The UK

a plate of food on a table: Tikka Masala is believed to have been invented in the UK.© Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images Tikka Masala is believed to have been invented in the UK.

Owing to its long relationship with India, the UK has been putting its own spin on curry since the 18th century .

Curry-like dishes and other Indian fare began appearing on coffee house menus after members of the British colonial administration who lived in India returned home and craved a taste of their life abroad.

Around the same time, inventive merchants bottled up pre-mixed curry powders and exported them across the empire.

In 1810, the first dedicated curry house, Hindoostane Coffee House, opened its doors in Marylebone, London, and though it did not succeed, curry houses became increasingly common.

Curry further cemented itself as part of British food traditions after the arrival of tens of thousands of Indian immigrants in the early 20th century and, later, an influx of Bangladeshi immigrants in the 1970s -- many of whom set up restaurants.

"Curry is hugely popular in the UK," says Sen. "The Brits really love it -- they invented tikka masala there, because India has been a part of the British psyche for so long."

Today, curry remains an unofficial national dish -- it's so popular, the country celebrates National Curry Week every October.

Whether you're at a casual curry house after a night out or an upscale Indian restaurant, choose from anglo-Indian variations of spicy vindaloos, mild and creamy chicken tikka masala, tomato-packed Madras curries, rogan josh, red-hot chicken jalfrezi and creamy korma.

Justin Bieber, JVN and More Men Using Beauty to Pass Time in Self-Quarantine .
As celebrities bunker down to stay at-home in self-quarantine during the coronavirus pandemic, a lot of A-list men have been sharing their regular beauty indulgences and grooming habits and we are here for it. From Johnny Depp to Harry Styles, These Celebrity Men are Making ‘Man-icures’ a Thing Some are taking this time to grow out facial hair like Jim Carrey. He’s been posting to Twitter daily to show off the progress of his salt-and-pepper beard’s growth. “Day 3. Beard growth seems slower in isolation,” he wrote in a Tweet on Wednesday, March 25. Already yearning for the life I had before all the stubble began.” Then there’s others that are going the completely opposite direction and shaving everything off. Jonathan Van Ness typically sports a very full amount of facial hair but on Saturday, March 21, he decided to shave it all off. Before he did that, though, he played around with a new chin-only look that was adorably playful. See How the Stars Do At-Home Style During the Coronavirus Outbreak Stephen Colbert thought he was going to grow out his facial hair, but instead decided to get rid of it. In the process, he also decided to “zhuzh up” the rest of his face using his wife’s makeup. This included a tinted moisturizer and multitasking pink eye primer, shadow and liner, which he uses to give himself a little cat eye. Justin Bieber has been staying put with his wife Hailey Baldwin and between shooting Tik Tok videos, the couple indulged in a little facial routine.

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!