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Health & Fit How Teenage Vaping Puts Structure in Place for Heroin and Cocaine Addiction

18:02  13 june  2018
18:02  13 june  2018 Source:   usnews.com

FDA lets vaping flourish as it eyes crackdown on cigarettes

  FDA lets vaping flourish as it eyes crackdown on cigarettes FDA officials say the goal is to spur innovation of products that may be less harmful for adults, but health advocates are skeptical. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is giving wide leeway to electronic cigarettes as it attempts to push people away from traditional tobacco products.In the last year, the agency has taken initial steps to place further curbs on traditional cigarettes even as it has eased new rules on the vaping industry that were issued by the Obama administration.

How to customize WAFB content. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Teen girl tries e-cigarette with her friend: Smoking among teens has decreased – because teens are vaping nicotine instead. © (Getty Images) Smoking among teens has decreased – because teens are vaping nicotine instead. The rapid adoption of e-cigarettes has been driven, at least in part, by a huge jump in the potency of e-liquids.

Cigarette smoking among teenagers is on the wane. While data show smoking among teenagers has dropped over the past few years, it's not all good news. Teenagers are vaping nicotine instead. One in 8 – or 12 percent of – teenagers in New Jersey have tried e-cigarettes and/or hookah at least once. When cigarette smoking and nicotine vaping are added together, nicotine use may actually have increased. The rapid adoption of e-cigarettes has been driven, at least in part, by the huge jump in the potency of e-liquids (both nicotine and marijuana) used in vapes. Nicotine and marijuana act on the brain in ways similar to other substances of abuse and prime the brain for addiction to other potent drugs down the road.

Teen develops "wet lung" after vaping for 3 weeks

  Teen develops The young woman needed to be placed on a breathing machine and had tubes inserted to drain fluid from her lungs A Pennsylvania teen developed respiratory failure and needed to be placed on a breathing machine as a result of vaping, doctors say. In a case study published in the journal Pediatrics, physicians detail how the 18-year-old had been using e-cigarettes for only three weeks before being rushed to the emergency room at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.The young woman, who worked as a restaurant hostess, was not identified due to privacy concerns.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Exponential Jump in E-Liquid Potency

Part of the reason for the adoption of e-cigarettes by teenagers is the exponential jump in the potency of e-liquids (nicotine and marijuana) used in vapes. E-liquid products like JUUL contain nearly 50 milligrams of nicotine per milliliter of liquid, whereas a cigarette has about 12 milligrams of nicotine. THC content in liquid concentrates, used in vapes, can range between 50 and 90 percent, as compared to 20 percent in marijuana. Vaping high-concentration marijuana can deliver a more intense high, but it can also lead to addiction.

Vaping Lays the Foundation for Addiction

Many people think smoking an e-cigarette is not nearly as bad as smoking a real one, but they're not completely correct. Although vaping eliminates fumes from paper and associated chemicals, a big concern is that nicotine is very addictive (it releases dopamine, like other drugs).

Here's what scientists do—and don't—know about e-cigarettes

  Here's what scientists do—and don't—know about e-cigarettes A little more than 3% of American adults regularly use e-cigarettes, and 15% say they have tried them, according to 2016 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). That means millions of Americans vape, either consistently or sporadically — and there’s evidence that the number is rising. As they become more prevalent, e-cigarettes — which are typically used as alternatives to traditional cigarettes, or as smoking cessation aids — are coming under increasing scrutiny from doctors and regulatory groups.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

"Vaping" has already progressed from nicotine to marijuana, and concentration of nicotine and THC (per milliliter of liquid) has increased dramatically. Like more potent drugs, nicotine and marijuana stimulate the release of more dopamine in the brain, the "feel good" neurotransmitter. Chronic use of these substances will cause the brain to reduce the natural release of dopamine and an increasing amount of these substances will be needed in order to get the same "dopamine-release" response from the brain. This change in the reward pathways in the brain leads to addiction.

This increases the likelihood that these users will eventually "graduate" to more potent substances in order to quench their cravings or obtain a high. A study showed that 25 percent of teenagers who use e-cigarettes progressed to smoking pot, compared to 12.5 percent of teenagers who did not use e-cigarettes. 

Vaping is the new smoking for school kids

  Vaping is the new smoking for school kids Fewer kids smoke than in 2011, but numbers barely changed from 2016 to 2017 Flavored e-cigarette products and trendy new vaping devices like Juul are luring teenagers away from smoked cigarettes but keeping them hooked on nicotine, federal health officials said Thursday.The latest tobacco use survey shows a drop in the number of high school students who use tobacco, from 24 percent in 2011 to about 20 percent in 2017.The drop could potentially have been bigger. E-cigarettes were barely known in 2011, so virtually all teen tobacco users were smoker.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Heroin and Cocaine Could Be Next

Users of heroin have been "vaping" it for a long time. However, they have used high heat (placing the heroin in a metal foil and using a lighter to heat it) in order to "vape" the heroin. Inhaling vapors is preferred, as it reaches the brain almost as fast as injecting the drug. Luckily, as of now, heroin and cocaine in their most common crystal form cannot be used in vaping devices, as the tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly, making them "un-vapable" in the low heat that the vaping devices produce. However, it is predictable that drug cartels will make heroin and cocaine "vapable" down the road by mixing them with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices. Anecdotal evidence suggests flakka, a synthetic drug, is already being vaped.

Action Needed Right Now to Restrict Access to Vaping Devices

The vaping trend has gone largely unchallenged until recently, but a concerted, coordinated response is called for in order to curb the use of e-cigarettes among teenagers. The state of New Jersey, for example, raised the minimum age to buy tobacco products to 21 years in 2017, and some municipalities have required e-cigarette vendors to be licensed.

What Is Heat-But-Not-Burn Tobacco?

  What Is Heat-But-Not-Burn Tobacco? Are so-called modified risk technologies safer than traditional cigarettes? Since the 1960s, Americans have increasingly become aware of the dangers of smoking cigarettes. But smoking still has its devotees, among them many people who want to quit and fully understand the risks, but for a variety of physiological or emotional reasons can't seem to drop the habit. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that 14 percent of American adults still smoke.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Gallery: Four opioid drugs parents should have on their radar

Copyright 2017 U.S. News & World Report

How to Tell if Your Kid Is Vaping .
Here’s what you should look for to intervene early and reduce your child’s risk. As a pediatrician, one of my jobs is to talk to patients about trendy risk-taking behaviors. It seems that every year a new habit gets front and center attention. In the past, I’ve talked with my kids about the cinnamon challenge, weird ways to get drunk and various self-harming techniques. This summer, my conversations have squarely focused on vaping, most commonly JUUL and Phix. The use of these e-cigarettes is nearly epidemic at local schools.

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