•   
  •   
  •   

Health & FitMore women are using marijuana during pregnancy, but doctors say no amount of the drug is known to be safe for moms-to-be

01:55  18 january  2019
01:55  18 january  2019 Source:   msn.com

Nobody really knows what smoking pot does to your lungs

Nobody really knows what smoking pot does to your lungs You shouldn't assume smoking a joint is harmless. 

" No amount of marijuana is known to be safe in pregnancy . Not for the mom , not for the baby." The research on marijuana use during pregnancy is limited, but experts have concerns. Rajesh Kumar Singh, File/AP. One small 2006 study also found that women reported using medical marijuana to help with nausea and vomiting while pregnant. But Aagaard said she's seen no evidence to suggest that marijuana has health benefits in the context of pregnancy .Additionally, Gyamfi-Bannerman noted that there are typically safer options available to address issues that pregnant people may seek to

Some women turn to the drug to help curb morning sickness, but experts warn there could be grave repercussions. Eventually, Melissa turned to edibles (she baked small amounts of pot into brownies), and she said it “saved my pregnancy , basically.” She isn’t alone in her unconventional choice of recreational activity. In a report published in JAMA in January, researchers at Columbia University found that 3.9 per cent of American women who are pregnant report marijuana use , while another recent U.S. study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse found that teen girls are

More women are using marijuana during pregnancy, but doctors say no amount of the drug is known to be safe for moms-to-be© sruilk/Shutterstock
  • As more states legalize marijuana, research indicates that more pregnant people are using the drug.
  • Research in this area is very limited, but some studies suggest marijuana use during pregnancy may restrict a baby's growth, disrupt brain development, or result in learning or behavioral problems as a child grows up.
  • Two doctors told INSIDER that expecting moms should not use marijuana during pregnancy.

In November 2018, a research letter published in JAMA Pediatrics offered some encouraging news: Between 2002 and 2016, the use of alcohol and cigarettes during pregnancy has declined. But the researchers also found that use of marijuana is on the rise.

Marijuana addiction: When use becomes abuse

Marijuana addiction: When use becomes abuse More research needs to be done to highlight the long-term effects of marijuana use on the brain, body and our behavior, experts say.

Other pregnant women may use pot to relieve other pregnancy symptoms, such as vomiting, anxiety, sleep disturbances and chronic pain. The position of the National Institute on Drug Abuse is clear: It states that there’s no research to show that using marijuana during pregnancy is safe and says While your doctor or midwife may be unlikely to prescribe cannabis during pregnancy , you might be able to get it from your local dispensary. A study published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology in June 2018 found that 69 percent of Colorado dispensaries recommended using cannabis to treat

Some women who use marijuana during pregnancy believe the drug is natural and safer than prescription medications , according to a recent study. For the small study , published January 11 in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, researchers conducted detailed interviews with 25 pregnant The women also said they smoked pot to deal with nausea (a common pregnancy symptom) or improve their mood during pregnancy . There's already some research to suggest that nausea may be one reason for prenatal marijuana use . A study published last year found that women who had mild

The letter evaluated responses from more than 12,000 women taking the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. In 2002, 2.9% of women reported using cannabis while pregnant. In 2016, 5% of women said they'd used the drug during pregnancy.

That increase comes amid a wave of marijuana legalization and acceptance in the U.S. To date, 33 states and Washington, D.C., have legalized medical marijuana and 10 states and Washington, D.C., have legalized the drug for recreational use, with New York and New Jersey expected to soon follow suit. A recent Pew Research poll found that 62% of Americans favor legalizing marijuana, up from just 31% in 2000.

Secrets pain doctors won’t tell you

Secrets pain doctors won’t tell you Learn what pain doctors are really thinking when you visit them, and how you can better manage your symptoms.

" No amount of marijuana use during pregnancy or adolescence is known to be safe ," the Surgeon General's advisory on marijuana use during pregnancy says . "Until and unless more is known about the long-term impact, the safest choice for pregnant women and adolescents is not to use marijuana ." Other Health Risks Of Marijuana Use During Pregnancy . Smoking marijuana while pregnant also exposes your baby to carbon monoxide (5 times more than with cigarettes), which lowers the amount of oxygen available in the baby's bloodstream. Second-hand smoke from marijuana may

As more women turn to marijuana during and after pregnancy as a way to cope with nausea, pain, and postpartum depression sans prescription, the FDA's warning is becoming increasingly applicable. Julia Wheeler and Veronika Laws/Getty Images. According to a January 2019 letter in JAMA Pediatrics that's based on a 2018 national drug survey, marijuana use during pregnancy in the U.S. has increased over the past 14 years, from 2.9% in 2002 to 5% in 2016. Doctors haven't pinpointed exactly why women are increasingly turning to the substance, but believe it's mainly in order to cope with to

Despite rising access and acceptance, however, experts maintain that pregnant people should not use marijuana.

Right now, there's very little research on the drug's safety during pregnancy, two doctors explained to INSIDER. In fact, they added, the evidence we do have suggests that the drug may have risks for developing babies.

"I think a misconception is that [marijuana] probably doesn't do any harm, and we simply don't know the answer for that," Dr. Kjersti Aagard, maternal-fetal medicine specialist and professor at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, told INSIDER. "No amount of marijuana is known to be safe in pregnancy. Not for the mom, not for the baby."

More women are using marijuana during pregnancy, but doctors say no amount of the drug is known to be safe for moms-to-be© Rajesh Kumar Singh, File/AP Although there is technically no required waiting time to have sex after giving birth, the Mayo Clinic recommends four to six weeks. Having sex before that time can invite complications and disrupt the healing process.

70 Words (and Phrases) You’re Probably Using All Wrong

70 Words (and Phrases) You’re Probably Using All Wrong We've compiled 70 words and phrases we've all used wrong at some point. They're cringe-worthy. They're hilarious. And they're going to help you never make the same mistakes again.

Seeing as waste management seems to be the biggest counterpoint to nuclear energy, what can be done with the waste? Can you use a different configuration of reactor which generates energy from the waste? Or is there a way to speed up the half life so the waste is more stable/less dangerous? So how would liquid water be able to exist so far outside (over 3x the furthest distance of the habitable zone)?

“Therefore, if women are using marijuana during pregnancy or while breastfeeding, there is a potential to impact the normal functions and development of the fetus or infant,” Laura M. Borgelt , Pharm.D., a professor and associate dean of administration and operations at the University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, tells SELF. However, how much gets across the placenta, and at what point it may affect the fetus, is not well understood yet. There are a few reasons why cannabis exposure may be more complicated than exposure to other substances

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug during pregnancy, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' (ACOG) 2017 committee opinion on marijuana use in pregnancy. Some studies show that as many as 34% to 60% of marijuana users continue using the drug in pregnancy, with some moms-to-be believing that it's "relatively safe," the committee opinion said.

But right now, there's not much data on pot's safety for pregnant people and their babies. It can be difficult to research because results can be confounded by other substance use or lifestyle factors, according to the ACOG, but existing studies suggest that it may have health risks.

"What we know today is pretty sparse," Aagaard said. "When we've looked, there is evidence of harm. And we haven't looked at all the different avenues where that harm may occur and we don't have the long-term studies to really examine that carefully from a public health perspective."

So far, research suggests that marijuana use may disrupt a fetus' normal brain development and that babies born to mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy may be smaller at birth, according to the ACOG. The organization also adds that pot use during pregnancy may lead to an increased risk of stillbirth, but it's not clear if that's due to marijuana use or other substances.

Car crashes, psychosis, suicide: Is the drive to legalize marijuana ignoring major risks?

Car crashes, psychosis, suicide: Is the drive to legalize marijuana ignoring major risks? As acceptance of marijuana grows, opponents are warning of potential downsides – car crashes, psychosis and suicide – and calling for more studies.

"Probably the most consistent data we have is related to the growth of the baby - that marijuana [use] might relate to growth restriction," Dr. Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, a maternal-fetal medicine specialist at Columbia University's department of obstetrics and gynecology, told INSIDER. (Growth restriction can lead to pre-term birth in extreme cases, and in the long term, there may be a link between growth restriction and adverse brain development, she added.)

Some research also suggests that kids whose mothers used weed during pregnancy could have learning and behavioral problems as they get older, according to the ACOG.

"There is some, at least, early data to look at adverse neurodevelopment, and there have been a handful of studies showing lower visual-motor coordination, visual analyses, lower neurodevelopmental test scores," Gyamfi said. "That might be a huge downstream problem that we're underappreciating at this point."

Aagaard also added that there's no good data on the safety or potential harms of exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke.

Further complicating things is that not all marijuana is exactly the same.

"Marijuana is not highly regulated," Gyamfi-Bannerman said. "One person's marijuana might be completely different from somebody else's and it's not like there's a standardized formulation, so it's something that is just so experimental."

What's Really in Medical Marijuana?

What's Really in Medical Marijuana? Are there really differences in the medical qualities of the various strains? Or, are the different strains with the fanciful names all just advertising gimmicks? I am a professor in the University of Southern California School of Pharmacy. I have lived in California a long time and remember the Haight-Ashbury Summer of Love. While in graduate school, I worked with professor Alexander Shulgin, the father of designer drugs, who taught me the chemistry of medicinal plants. Afterward, while a professor at USC, I learned Chumash healing from a Native American Chumash healer for 14 years from 1998 until 2012.

Some reports suggest pregnant people may turn to the drug hoping it will combat unpleasant pregnancy symptoms. In 2015, two mothers told Vice they used marijuana to cope with morning sickness, and, some moms-to-be have reported using cannabis to help with back pain and depression, according to NPR. One small 2006 study also found that women reported using medical marijuana to help with nausea and vomiting while pregnant.

But Aagaard said she's seen no evidence to suggest that marijuana has health benefits in the context of pregnancy. Gyamfi-Bannerman also noted that there are typically safer options available to address issues that pregnant people may seek to address with marijuana.

"If you want to protect the developing fetus, there are alternatives to what you think you might be treating [with marijuana]," she said. "If you're pregnant, ask your doctor before you start some new treatment - and don't assume that it's going to be safe for pregnancy."

"I think that, partially because [marijuana is] becoming legal everywhere, it's thought to be less harmful than other drugs and alcohol, but it's still a substance that has harm," Gyamfi-Bannerman said. " [Pregnant people] should not use marijuana. There's really no data to say that it's safer than smoking."

Given current scant evidence, the ACOG and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also recommend that expecting mothers not use the drug.

"We should know whether there are long-term risks for mothers and for their children before we can make a statement in any direction, and until that time our statement should remain, 'There's no amount of marijuana use that's known to be safe in pregnancy,'" Aagaard said.

Airline Rules for Traveling While Pregnant

Airline Rules for Traveling While Pregnant If you’re pregnant and still want to travel, you’ll need to know the rules for traveling while pregnant — which can vary widely between airlines, from “fly whenever you want” to even “you must fly with an obstetrician” (I’m not kidding). 

"Once upon a time we thought it was fine to drink wine in pregnancy, once upon a time we thought it was fine to smoke cigarettes. And our thinking evolved as we studied the issues carefully," she added. "I don't want this to be another stop on the highway littered with assumptions without evidence."

Related Video: Florida's New Governor Wants to End a Ban on Smoking Medical Marijuana (Provided by Newsy)


    Read More

    Use of CBD Goes Mainstream.
    An estimated 64 million Americans have tried CBD, or cannabidiol, in the past 24 months, according to a survey.

    Topical videos:

    usr: 1
    This is interesting!