•   
  •   
  •   

Health & FitOpioid epidemic: Eastern United States most affected

18:21  22 february  2019
18:21  22 february  2019 Source:   cnn.com

Meth, Opioid Use Up Among Expectant Mothers in U.S., Study Suggests

Meth, Opioid Use Up Among Expectant Mothers in U.S., Study Suggests A new analysis shows an increase in amphetamine and opioid use among pregnant women, with adverse health outcomes following.

Opioids killed more than 42,000 people in the United States in 2016, the latest year for which nuanced data is available, and a new study reveals which part of the country has been affected most by the ongoing epidemic .

Opioid overdoses caused more than 42,000 deaths in 2016, more than any previous year on record. Opioid Crisis Devastating consequences of the opioid epidemic include increases in opioid misuse and related overdoses, as well as the rising incidence of newborns experiencing withdrawal

Opioid epidemic: Eastern United States most affected© Provided by Cable News Network, Inc. fentanyl opioids drugs overdose sanjay gupta mobile orig mss_00000000.jpg While there's early evidence that the explosive rate of opioid deaths has started to slow, opioids killed more than 49,000 people in the United States in 2017, according to preliminary data. A new study reveals which part of the country has been affected the most by the ongoing epidemic.

In a study of opioid deaths from 1999 to 2016, "we found that, in general, opioid mortality is skyrocketing," said Mathew Kiang, a postdoctoral research fellow at Stanford University's Center for Population Health Sciences.

U.S. FDA panel backs prescribing opioid overdose reversal drug along with painkillers

U.S. FDA panel backs prescribing opioid overdose reversal drug along with painkillers An advisory panel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday recommended prescribing the opioid overdose reversal drug, Naloxone, along with addictive painkillers. The panel, which concluded a two-day discussion on ways to make the potentially life-saving drug readily available, voted 12-11 in favor of labeling changes for opioids that recommend co-prescribing the overdose antidote. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

The opioid epidemic ravaging the United States has claimed a staggering number of lives, but a clear picture of how the crisis has changed over the years – and who it currently affects the most – is surprisingly hard to Synthetic opioids now by far outnumber heroin deaths in most eastern states .

Opioid -related deaths have jumped fourfold in the last two decades, and the epidemic has made major inroads in some eastern states , according to a new Two states , Florida and Pennsylvania, had opioid -related mortality rates that were doubling every two years. The mortality rate from opioids has

More specifically, the study, published Friday in the journal JAMA Network Open, found that the mortality rate from synthetic opioids in 28 states more than doubled every two years from 1999 to 2016. The District of Columbia saw the greatest increase in its opioid mortality rate, which more than tripled every year since 2013.

Synthetic opioids are manmade drugs such as fentanyl, as opposed to semi-synthetic opioids such as hydrocodone and oxycodone, or natural opioids such as codeine and morphine.

Fentanyl is up to 50 times more powerful than heroin, and just ¼ of a milligram can be deadly. For comparison, a standard low-dose aspirin is 81 mg. If you were to cut that tablet into 324 pieces, one of those pieces would equal ¼ milligram.

Opioid epidemic spilling over onto roads, study says

Opioid epidemic spilling over onto roads, study says New research, published Friday in the journal JAMA Network Open, shows that drivers who are on prescribed opioids are twice as likely to be in deadly two-vehicle accidents than those not using the drugs. Patients who are prescribed opioids and the clinicians who prescribe them have more to be concerned about than steadily rising rates of opioid overdoses, according to a new study.

The opioid epidemic is quite unlike past drug plagues. Deaths are highest in the Midwest and Some of the worst- affected counties are rural. In 2013 a 40-year-old woman walked into a chemist’s shop Looked at more closely, though, the terrifying rise in opioid deaths in the past few years seems to

The opioid epidemic ravaging the United States has claimed a staggering number of lives, but a clear picture of how the crisis has changed over the years – and who it currently affects the even more people from dying." Synthetic opioids now by far outnumber heroin. deaths in most eastern states .

"One thing I do want to highlight is that, despite the large differences in deaths across states, there's no evidence to suggest that there's differences in use," Kiang said. "What we think is happening is that the heroin just continues to get more and more potent in the eastern United States, whereas heroin [in] the western United States has traditionally been this brown tar heroin. It's much harder to lace with fentanyl or other synthetic opioids."

At the national level, opioids were responsible for shaving 0.36 years off Americans' life expectancy in 2016, the study says. That's a greater loss of life than caused by guns or motor vehicle accidents.

New Hampshire and West Virginia saw the biggest drops in life expectancy, of more than a year, due to opioid deaths. Montana and Oregon were the only states to see a decline in opioid deaths from 1999 to 2016.

According to the report, "emerging research ... suggests the opioid epidemic has evolved as a series of 3 intertwined but distinct epidemics, or waves, based on the types of opioids associated with mortality":

Measles epidemic in Madagascar kills more than 900, says WHO

Measles epidemic in Madagascar kills more than 900, says WHO The World Health Organization says that an epidemic of measles in Madagascar has caused more than 900 deaths. According to WHO figures, there have been more than 68,000 cases of the disease in which 553 deaths were confirmed and another 373 suspected from measles since the outbreak began in September. Those most at risk are infants from nine to 11 months old. The epidemic is blamed on a low immunization rate for measles across the island nation over a period of many years, according to WHO spokesman Tarik Jasarevic. The vaccination rate is estimated to be less than 60 percent, according to figures from WHO and UNICEF figures, he said.

As with most opioids , mixing medications, drinking alcohol or taking other meds that contain alcohol, or using street drugs while taking morphine, increases the risk of breathing problems or other serious, life-threatening side effects . Experts say the United States is in the throes of an opioid epidemic .

The United States is experiencing an epidemic of drug overdose deaths. Through program resources to help rural communities address many of the deeper, systemic, and long-term issues making these places vulnerable to the opioid crisis in the first place.

  • 1990s-2010: Prescription painkillers
  • 2010-present: Heroin
  • 2013-present: Synthetic opioids

Utilizing data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics and the US census, Kiang and his colleagues identified 351,630 opioid-related deaths from 1999 to 2016. Over that 18-year period, deaths from opioids increased by 455%. Men, on average, died at age 39.8, women at age 43.5.

Kiang said that, if anything, the number of opioid deaths is probably underreported because synthetic opioids require additional testing by a medical examiner. He hopes testing for synthetic opioids will become standard whenever the cause of someone's death is classified as an overdose.

Dr. Andrew Kolodny, the co-director of the Opioid Policy Research Collaborative at Brandeis University, said, "to talk about solutions, you have to frame the problem the right way." To him, that means looking at the opioid crisis not as an overdose epidemic but as an addiction epidemic.

"Preventing opioid addiction is necessary for the long term, so that this crisis ultimately comes to an end. And preventing opioid addiction really means much more cautious prescribing."

Kiang agrees that there are multiple factors at work. "We need to make treatment at least as accessible, available and affordable as heroin," he said. "It shouldn't be harder to get help than it is to get heroin."

Read More

The most used drugs in the world.
And opioids aren't even in the top five.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!