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Health & FitMarijuana use is on the rise among U.S. workers, particularly in safety-sensitive jobs like airline pilots

00:10  12 april  2019
00:10  12 april  2019 Source:   businessinsider.com

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Marijuana use is increasing among U . S . workers as more states legalize the drug for recreational and medical consumption, a new study from Perhaps most worryingly, marijuana use has increased over 24% since 2014 to 0.88% in safety - sensitive jobs such as airline pilots and train operators.

According to the 2019 Marijuana Business Factbook, the number of full-time workers in the U . S . marijuana industry was between 130,000 and 160 Other universities offer undergraduate courses like the University of Connecticut’ s horticulture of cannabis, and the State University of New York at


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  • Marijuana use is on the rise among U.S. workers, a study from Quest Diagnostics found, increasing by 16% since 2014.
  • Overall drug use among workers also hit a 14-year high.
  • But there is a silver lining: The rate of U.S. workers testing positive for opiates decreased by 21% between 2017 and 2018 and has decreased by 37% since the peak in 2015.

Marijuana use is increasing among U.S. workers as more states legalize the drug for recreational and medical consumption, a new study from Quest Diagnostics found.

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Marijuana use is on the rise among U . S . workers , particularly in safety - sensitive jobs like airline pilots . The rate of U . S . workers who tested Authorities at LAX say airline passengers carrying small amounts of marijuana have been emboldened by reduced marijuana possession penalties.

Marijuana use is on the rise among U . S . workers , particularly in safety - sensitive jobs like airline pilots . Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States.1 Its use is widespread among young people . However, the number of young people who believe regular marijuana use is

The rate of U.S. workers and job applicants who tested positive for all drugs - including opiates, cocaine, heroin, and marijuana - hit a 14-year high last year, the study found based on an analysis of nearly 9 million urine tests.

Since 2014, marijuana use among the U.S. workforce has increased by 16% to 2.8% of workers. Perhaps most worryingly, marijuana use has increased over 24% since 2014 to 0.88% in safety-sensitive jobs such as airline pilots and train operators.

Marijuana is legal for adults over the age of 21 in 10 states, and for medicinal use in 33 states. More states, including New Jersey, New York, and Illinois, are weighing measures to legalize the drug this year.

Marijuana use is on the rise among U.S. workers, particularly in safety-sensitive jobs like airline pilots© Courtesy of Quest Diagnostics

"Our in-depth analysis shows that marijuana is not only present in our workforce, but use continues to increase," said Barry Sample, Quest Diagnostics' senior director of science and technology. "As marijuana policy changes, and employers consider strategies to protect their employees, customers and general public, employers should weigh the risks that drug use, including marijuana, poses to their business."

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Among safety - sensitive workers , positive tests rose to 1.8% from 1.7%. While states that have legalized some form of the drug exhibit higher marijuana positivity rates, the numbers didn’t increase in Colorado Detection of illicit drugs increased slightly both for general and ‘ safety - sensitive ’ workforce.

People who work in safety - sensitive jobs , like pilots , bus drivers, and other federal workers , also The biggest increase in marijuana use was in people with “ safety - sensitive ” jobs . Safety - sensitive jobs are defined as federal agency jobs that “perform public safety and national security roles

There is a silver lining, however.

The rate of U.S. workers testing positive for opiates decreased by 21% between 2017 and 2018 and has decreased by 37% since the peak in 2015, according to the study. There is some evidence to show that legalized marijuana can decrease the likelihood of relapse for those suffering from opioid addiction.

One of the drawbacks of the study is that the active compound in the marijuana plant - THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol - is fat soluble and can be stored in the body for months, so it's not clear whether urine tests can detect whether someone is intoxicated by marijuana, or simply had consumed at some point in the weeks prior to the test.

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