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Health & FitStudy: Life Expectancy Varies by Neighborhood — and the Gap Is Huge

19:50  26 june  2019
19:50  26 june  2019 Source:   247tempo.com

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While overall life expectancy is rising in America, the size of the gap between its most affluent and impoverished counties demands urgent action, say researchers. Your average life expectancy now varies by more than 20 years depending on where you live in the United States, according to an

Study: Life Expectancy Varies by Neighborhood — and the Gap Is Huge© BlazenImages / Getty Images

A recently released report shows that in some American cities, the lifespan can be nearly 30 years longer in one neighborhood than in another. In fact, the span is over 20 years in 56 of the 500 largest U.S. cities.

Researchers in the Department of Population Health at NYU School of Medicine set the city neighborhood life expectancy measure. They used data from the City Health Dashboard, another nonprofit organization. Their core conclusion: "The research team analyzed Dashboard data to identify factors associated with large gaps in average life expectancy across neighborhoods in 500 U.S. cities."

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Mapping life expectancy . Lighter shades indicate longer life . Grey means missing data. A new study from New York University finds substantial variations in life The data on life expectancy gaps are an invitation for city leaders to dig deeper into the conditions that influence health, to better target action

Life expectancy data was not generated for some census tracts with too small a population or too few deaths in the time period of the study . Data were not available for New York City and the states of Maine and Wisconsin. The study was done by the National Center for Health Statistics, a part of the

They found that cities with greater degrees of racial and ethnic segregation more often had alarming disparities in life expectancy across different census tracts, which often are used as proxies for neighborhoods in public health research. While there is no such thing as the perfect city, the United States is full of places with few, if any, strengths -- these are the worst cities to live in America.

The gap was huge in some of America's largest cities. In Chicago, the difference between the neighborhoods with the longest life expectancy level and the shortest was 30.1 years. In Washington, D.C., the number was 27.5 years. In New York, it was 27.4 years. In New Orleans and Buffalo, the figure was 25.8 years. The researchers used an example to point out the gulf: In New York City, a highly segregated city by race and ethnicity, people in East Harlem live an average of 71.2 years, but people in the nearby Upper East Side live to 89.9 years.

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Evidence now suggests that the life expectancy gap is increasing, at least here the United States By contrast, the rich can afford to live in better and safer neighborhoods , can eat more nutritious The gap in life expectancy was about 3½ years. For women who reached age 50 two decades later

The gap in life expectancy between males and females differs by country. In the territories, life expectancy was lower, 75.8 years, and the gap between the sexes was wider, 6.0 years. Previous studies have established that poorer health outcomes, such as high levels of illness and mortality

In several cities, the difference was fairly small. The closest five life expectancy gaps were in Cicero, Illinois, (4.5); Lynwood, California, (4.8); Livermore, California, (5.1); and Meridian, Idaho, (5.3).

In a final statement about the results, Benjamin Spoer, Ph.D., MPH, from the Department of Population Health at NYU Langone Health, said, "We’ve known for a while that conditions in our neighborhoods can have a profound influence on how long and how well we live. But we were surprised to see just how large the gap in life expectancy can be between neighborhoods, and how strong the link was between life expectancy and segregation, across all different kinds and sizes of cities." The comment came without a solution.

Life expectancy in the United States has been increasing, except for the last two years when it dropped because of spikes in opioid deaths. The increase in life expectancy at birth, as well as the likelihood of living a long life, vary considerably across the United States -- and these are the states where people live the longest.

Related Video: Death by ZIP Code: Where You Live Can Determine Life Expectancy (Provided by WCNC-TV Charlotte, N.C.)

Study: Life Expectancy Varies by Neighborhood — and the Gap Is Huge© Provided by TEGNA Inc. Death by zip code: Where you live can determine life expectancy
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Swiss Women and Australian Men Live Longer on Average Than Anyone Else.
The longevity of Swiss women might be because Switzerland is considered to have the best health care system in the world. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); While the numbers show that women in every country studied live longer, outpacing the men in all 15, even Swiss males do pretty well, averaging 73.7 years. This puts them in third place among men, after Sweden at 74.02 years.

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usr: 3
This is interesting!