Health & Fit: How to Spot Heat Exhaustion Because, Wow, It's Freaking Hot Outside - PressFrom - US
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Health & FitHow to Spot Heat Exhaustion Because, Wow, It's Freaking Hot Outside

21:36  12 july  2019
21:36  12 july  2019 Source:   self.com

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Heat exhaustion is a severe form of heat illness. It is a medical emergency. Heat exhaustion is caused by the loss of water and electrolytes through sweating. Common causes of heat exhaustion include: Hot , sunny, humid weather. Physical exertion, especially in hot , humid weather.

Get tips to prevent heat exhaustion and how to cool down quickly when it happens. Heat exhaustion is a condition whose symptoms may include heavy sweating and a rapid pulse, a result of your body overheating. It ' s one of three heat -related syndromes, with heat cramps being the mildest

How to Spot Heat Exhaustion Because, Wow, It's Freaking Hot Outside© Getty / Yuji Kotani

Listen, I like summer as much as the next girl, but there is such a thing as being too hot. Not only does it suck as a feeling, but your chances of winding up with heat exhaustion can rise as the temperature creeps higher, too. So, how can you tell the difference between simply craving the sweet, sweet embrace of an air-conditioned room and getting into potentially dangerous territory with heat exhaustion? Here’s what to know to stay safe.

What is heat exhaustion?

Heat exhaustion is a temperature-related illness that happens when your body’s usual cooling mechanisms just aren’t cutting it, according to the Mayo Clinic. As a result, you become way too hot, which can eventually be harmful if you don’t take steps to cool down quickly.

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Heat exhaustion can affect anyone. Learn how to identify and treat this condition. Heat exhaustion occurs when your body overheats in response to external factors, like high temperature. When it ’ s hot outside , limit outdoor workouts to early morning or dusk, or consider joining a gym that has air

How to Spot and Treat Heat Exhaustion . Heat exhaustion is more severe than cramps, and typically occurs If symptoms last longer than an hour or you begin vomiting, it ' s time to get medical help. How to Spot and Treat Heat Stroke. Heatstroke can be dangerous and cause brain, organ, and

In order to keep your core temperature around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, your body has a few different mechanisms to cool you down or heat you up when necessary, the Mayo Clinic explains. In extreme heat, especially for long periods of time or while exerting yourself, your body can wind up taking in more heat than it’s able to expel through these mechanisms.

The most noticeable way your body responds to heat and exertion is sweating, Lawrence Phillips, M.D., a cardiologist at NYU Langone Health, tells SELF. Sweat moistens the surface of your body and cools you down as it evaporates, which helps to regulate your temperature, according to the Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. Pretty freaking handy. But if your body is churning out a ton of sweat in an attempt to cool you down, you can become dehydrated, meaning you lose so much fluid your body can’t function normally.

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Heat exhaustion happens when your body gets too hot . If you don’t treat heat exhaustion , it can lead to heatstroke, which is more serious. How are heat exhaustion and heatstroke diagnosed? If a person is displaying known heat illness symptoms, take their temperature.

Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are two potentially serious conditions that can occur if you get too hot . They usually happen during a heatwave or in a hot climate, but can also occur when you're doing very strenuous physical exercise. If it turns into heatstroke it needs to be treated as an emergency.

Another way your body dissipates excess heat is by sending blood out to your arms and legs where blood vessels are closer to the skin, which allows your blood to cool faster than it would in your body’s core, Michael Millin, M.D., associate professor of Emergency Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, tells SELF. The problem is that this means there’s less blood returning to and pumping out of your heart, Dr. Millin explains.

Between the dehydration and blood flow issues, you might start to experience symptoms of heat-related illnesses. You might brush off some of these reactions as normal responses to a hot day, but a lot of them definitely don’t happen every time you’re feeling a little warmer than usual.

A few symptoms set heat exhaustion apart from just feeling really hot.

The thing about heat exhaustion is that its symptoms don’t just strike out of nowhere. Heat exhaustion actually exists on a spectrum of heat-related illnesses, with heat cramps preceding it. If you treat heat cramps in time, you can avoid getting heat exhaustion entirely, so it’s worth going over those symptoms first:

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How does your body react to hot weather? Here' s how you can keep cool next time you head outdoors.

Heat exhaustion is a heat -related illness that happens when people are exposed to environmental heat for long periods of time. It In hot weather, people should drink plenty of water, wear light-colored clothing to reflect heat , and consider sitting in the shade and using sun hats and parasols.

  • Heavy sweating
  • Muscle cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Thirst

If you get heat exhaustion, your body basically piles onto the symptoms of heat cramps. In addition to those, you might experience:

  • Cool, moist skin with goosebumps even though it’s hot out
  • Feeling faint
  • Dizziness
  • Pale skin
  • A fast, weak pulse
  • Feeling lightheaded when you stand up
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache

If you don’t treat heat exhaustion in time, you might wind up with these additional symptoms, which can signal heatstroke:

  • Flushed skin that can either feel dry or moist
  • Confusion, trouble speaking, or other signs of a scrambled mental state
  • A temperature over 104 degrees Fahrenheit

Heatstroke can be life-threatening, so, clearly, it’s best to avoid even setting down a path of heat-related illnesses. Instead of splitting hairs over the question, “Am I just really hot or is something else going on?” focus on tending to your symptoms. That brings us to our next point.

What to do if you think you have heat exhaustion (or are just way too hot)

The good news is that you can often take care of heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or just being super hot by getting someplace cooler and rehydrating.

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Heat exhaustion is so dangerous because it throws off the body’s normal cooling systems. Normally, the body regulates its temperature through two When it ’ s too humid outside , the body isn’t able to release sweat as efficiently and cooling slows. Prolonged sweating then decreases the body’s ability

Heat exhaustion may cause a person to faint, in which case the person should be placed in a cool, shaded area and then receive cold compresses applied to

You might be tempted to chug a ton of water as soon as you can, but remember that rehydrating also means replenishing the electrolytes you lose while sweating, says Dr. Millin. These minerals—primarily sodium, potassium, calcium, chlorine, magnesium, and phosphates—help to make sure your nerves, muscles, heart, and brain all work the way they should, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Because the primary electrolyte you lose through sweat is sodium, eating a salty snack as you drink water can help make up for what you’ve lost, as SELF previously reported.

Of course, there’s also the option of downing a sports drink. Drinking these on a regular basis might not be ideal for you because of how sugary they are (though that really depends on your nutritional habits at large), but if it’s what you have available when you feel like you’re overheating, a sports drink is more than fine, says Dr. Phillips.

You can also cool off by putting water on your skin. It’s best to do this somewhere out of the sun, like by going inside and wetting your skin, then fanning it off. This mimics the cooling reaction of sweating, says Dr. Millin. If you’re really hot and unable to go someplace cooler, try to shield yourself without adding to the heat, like by going under a beach umbrella and draping yourself with a wet towel.

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Heat exhaustion can quickly lead to heat stroke, which is a serious medical condition that requires immediate medical help. As warmer weather occurs, we tend to spend more time outside under the hot sun. It ’ s important to know the difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion .

Heat exhaustion can be fatal when ignored. Practice good judgment and avoid taking unnecessary chances with your wellbeing. Since they make it harder for your body to retain water, drinks like coffee, alcohol and sugary sodas are not a good choice when it comes to staying hydrated.

If you’re not feeling better after an hour or your symptoms are getting worse, the Mayo Clinic recommends seeking immediate medical attention. You should do the same if you’re unable to hydrate due to vomiting, really feel like you’re going to pass out, or do actually lose consciousness, Dr. Millin says.

How to avoid heat exhaustion

You probably get by now that good hydration is a key preemptive strike against heat exhaustion (seriously, if you’re going to be in the heat, drink plenty of water!), but there’s other stuff you can do, too:

Watch your alcohol intake.

As someone who just spent a weekend drinking margaritas on the beach, I know this isn’t the most enticing suggestion. But according to Dr. Phillips, alcohol and heat don’t mix. Alcohol can be dehydrating, which we already know can contribute to heat-related illnesses. It might also make you less aware of the symptoms of something like heat exhaustion. Because you know what else makes you dizzy, nauseated, flushed, and tired? Oh, right. Drinking.

I’m not saying you can’t drink in the heat, but if you’re going to, make sure you’re taking the right precautions, like keeping your water-to-alcohol ratio even, eating enough, and maybe going for drinks that are lower in alcohol, like beer and spiked seltzer over mixed cocktails.

Plan ahead.

People who aren’t used to extreme heat are a lot more likely to run into trouble with heat-related illness, says Dr. Millin. Like, if you’re on vacation somewhere a lot hotter than home and jump right into an adventurous hike. Give yourself time to acclimate.

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It can be caused by exercising or working in extremely hot conditions or over exposure to heat and sun. Heat exhaustion symptoms are nausea, vomiting, headache, and muscle cramps. Heat exhaustion can be prevented by adequate fluid intake and decreasing strenuous activity in hot environments.

Heatstroke and heat exhaustion are two conditions caused by spending time in extremely hot weather. If left untreated, heat exhaustion can lead to heatstroke, which is more serious and can be life-threatening. As temperatures rise, it is important to know how to avoid heat -related illnesses.

Another instance where you can plan ahead: If you know you’re going to spend a lot of time exerting yourself outside this summer. If so, you might want to consider getting some oral rehydration powder or tablets in case of emergency, says Dr. Millin. You can mix them into water to get the electrolytes you need, and some people might find them easier to keep handy or prefer them to a salty snack or sugary drink.

Protect against sunburn.

If you get a sunburn, you’re more at risk of developing heat exhaustion. Sunburn itself is a form of heat illness and affects your body’s ability to cool down. The Mayo Clinic suggests wearing a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses and using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 when outdoors. Don’t forget to reapply as directed.

Make a plan for extra bad days.

If a heat wave is on the horizon and you don’t live somewhere with air conditioning, scout out where you might be able to spend free time. Libraries and malls are great.

Talk to your doctor if you take certain medications.

According to the Mayo Clinic, certain medications can screw with your body’s ability to stay hydrated, like diuretics, antihistamines, and antidepressants. If you’re on medication that you think might be affecting your odds of staying cool in the heat, talk to your doctor for some tips on how to deal.

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