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Health & FitTeens who use concentrated marijuana more likely to use other drugs

13:50  26 august  2019
13:50  26 august  2019 Source:   nbcnews.com

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Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States.1 Its use is widespread among young people. Marijuana also affects brain development. When people begin using marijuana as teenagers , the drug may impair thinking, memory, and learning functions and affect how the brain

People who used medical marijuana were more likely to say they had used prescription drugs in the past year. In other studies, people who take medical marijuana consistently report substituting cannabis for other prescription and illicit drugs .

Teens who used a concentrated form of marijuana — sometimes called dabs, wax, shatter or crumble — are more likely to also use other drugs than kids who avoid marijuana, a new study suggests.

Teens who use concentrated marijuana more likely to use other drugs© AP FILE - This Sept. 11, 2018, file photo, shows a marijuana plant at in the coastal mountain range of San Luis Obispo, Calif. The New Hampshire House has given preliminary approval to a bill legalizing recreational marijuana, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2019, putting the state on the path to joining several of its neighbors who allow the possession of small amounts of pot. Lawmakers voted 209-147 in favor of the bill that would legalize up to 1 ounce (28 grams) of recreational marijuana and 5 grams of concentrated cannabis. (AP Photo/Richard Vogel, File)

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Some research suggests that marijuana use is likely to precede use of other licit and illicit substances46 and the development of addiction An alternative to the gateway- drug hypothesis is that people who are more vulnerable to drug -taking are simply more likely to start with readily available

Their study found teens who smoke marijuana were 37 times as likely start smoking cigarettes in adulthood Credit: Getty Images. Cannabis is the most widely used illegal drug in the UK. “This research suggests that adolescent cannabis use serves as a ‘gateway’ to a harmful relationship with

Marijuana concentrate can come in multiple forms, including oils and butter-like compounds, and can contain very high levels of THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis. It’s often ingested using a vaping device and doesn’t smell like traditional pot.

In the study, published Monday in the journal Pediatrics, researchers surveyed almost 50,000 adolescents in Arizona. The researchers found that among teens who used any form of cannabis, 72 percent had experience with the more potent products.

Those findings should serve as an alert to parents who may not even know their kids are vaping, said the study’s lead author, Madeline Meier, an assistant professor of psychology at Arizona State University.

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Teens who used e-cigarettes and hookah were more than three times more likely to use "And I think there are probably other social pathways as well, other than just friendship networks," he Teens had about 3.5 times greater likelihood of using marijuana in the previous two years for each

People who used medical marijuana were more likely to say they had used prescription drugs in the past year. In other studies, people who take medical marijuana consistently report substituting cannabis for other prescription and illicit drugs .

“I don’t know that parents know about this stuff,” Meier said. “If I weren’t a marijuana researcher, I don’t know if I saw [a vape with marijuana] that I would know what it was. Parents should educate themselves about what these forms of cannabis look like.”

To get a better sense of teen drug use, Meier and her colleagues surveyed 47,142 students in eighth, 10th and 12th grades from 245 schools across Arizona in 2018. The students were asked whether they’d ever used marijuana or marijuana concentrate, as well as whether they had used either in the past month. They were also asked about other drug use, peer substance use and whether they thought cannabis was safe.

Some questions on the survey were designed to reveal whether teens were rebellious, engaged in risky behaviors or doing poorly academically.

Overall, the researchers found that 33 percent of the teens had tried some form of pot and 24 percent said they had used concentrated forms. The likelihood of a student using cannabis rose with age: 20 percent of the eighth graders said they’d used the drug, compared to 35 percent of the 10th graders and 46 percent of the 12th graders.

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Story highlights Study: Teens who use marijuana daily are less likely to get high school diploma Study: Adolescents who frequently use marijuana also more likely to use other drugs

Teens who use e-cigarettes may be more likely to try marijuana in the future, especially if they start vaping at a younger age, according to new It’s also possible that experimenting with e-cigarettes might increase a teen ’s curiosity about marijuana and reduce any worries about marijuana use .”

Similarly, 15 percent of the eighth graders, 25 percent of the 10th graders and 33 percent of 12th graders said they had used cannabis concentrates. Concentrate users had the highest rates of having tried other drugs.

Meier is most concerned about the future of kids who use these concentrated forms of pot. Studies in adults have shown that concentrates may raise the risk of addiction, thinking and memory problems and psychosis, she said.

The new study comes at a time when the use of e-cigarettes and other vaporizers in teens has grown explosively, noted Dr. Sheryl Ryan, a professor in the department of pediatrics and chief of adolescent medicine at Penn State.

“Between 2011 and 2018, the rates of vaporizer (including e-cigarette) use by high school students increased from 1.5 percent to 20.8 percent,” Ryan wrote in an editorial published alongside the new study. It is those vaporizers and e-cigarettes that allow teens and others to use the highly concentrated forms of cannabis.

While some might conclude that the new findings mean that cannabis use is leading to other drugs, it’s more likely that cannabis use is simply a marker for the teens who are more likely to be drawn to drugs and other risk, said Ryan Vandrey, an associate professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University.

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“Use of concentrates might be a predictor of more intensive cannabis use and the propensity to try more dangerous drugs,” Vandrey said.

The findings “are very concerning,” said Dr. Abigail Schlesinger, chief of the behavioral science division of the UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh.

“Parents need to know about the risks,” Schlesinger said. “This is not your grandparents’ cannabis. It’s more concentrated. And there’s a lot of reason to believe that in the adolescent years, it alters brain development.”

Schlesinger echoed Meier’s call for parents to have some serious talks with their teens.

“Parents need to be clear that they don’t support cannabis use,” she said. “Because if we don’t give a clear message, then teens can take it as a tacit statement that it’s OK. That doesn’t mean you say they will be expelled from the family if they try something. But we need to tell them that if they do these things, they may not reach their full potential.”

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