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Health & FitAmerica's Opioid Crisis Has Helped Create a 'Nationwide Epidemic' of Heart Infections Linked to Drug Abuse

16:56  18 september  2019
16:56  18 september  2019 Source:   newsweek.com

Dramatic rise in kids who entered foster care is linked to parent drug use, study finds

Dramatic rise in kids who entered foster care is linked to parent drug use, study finds As the opioid crisis swept across the United States, the number of kids entering the foster care system rose. From 2000 to 2017, there was a 147% increase in foster care entries due to parents' drug use, according to a study published Monday in the medical journal JAMA Pediatrics. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The study looked at the number of foster care entries in the nationwide Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System.

Quick Links . Opioid Crisis . Commonly Abused Drugs Chart. The increase in injection drug use has also contributed to the spread of infectious diseases promoting use of overdose-reversing drugs . strengthening our understanding of the epidemic through better public health surveillance. The National Institute on Drug Abuse ' s research-based, informative video series "This Is NIDA

Rising intravenous drug use has created new public health epidemics of hepatitis C and deadly bacterial infections . The United States often measures the severity of its opioid crisis in drug overdose deaths. Driven by prescription opioids , heroin, and the deadly synthetic opioid fentanyl

Research has revealed the number of heart infections linked to drug abuse has almost doubled in the past 14 years, as an opioid epidemic continues to plague the U.S.

America's Opioid Crisis Has Helped Create a 'Nationwide Epidemic' of Heart Infections Linked to Drug Abuse© Getty Researchers have investigated the link between heart health and opioids. A stock image shows a person holding pills in their hand.

Rates of patients struggling with drug abuse being hospitalized due to infectiveendocarditis—which affects the innermost layers of the heart chambers, including the valves—doubled between 2002 and 2016, rising from 8 percent to 16.3 percent.

During this period, the U.S. found itself in the grip of the opioid crisis, which, in 2017, led the U.S. Department of Health to declare the situation—where more than 130 fatally overdose per day—a public health emergency. That year, opioid deaths overtook car crashes as the biggest preventable injury-related cause of death in the U.S.

US drug overdose deaths fell slightly in 2018

US drug overdose deaths fell slightly in 2018 US drug overdose deaths declined 5.1% in 2018, according to preliminary data released Wednesday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. The slight decline in drug overdose deaths marked the first such drop in decades. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The agency estimates there were 68,557 drug overdose deaths in 2018.

Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illegal drug heroin, synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers available legally by NIH HEAL ( Helping to End Addiction Long-term) Initiative. NIH HEAL Initiative to Stem National Opioid Crisis (NIH). Treating Opioid Use Disorder During Pregnancy.

Quick Links . Opioid Crisis . The more risk factors a person has , the greater the chance that taking drugs can lead to addiction. As with most other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, or heart disease, treatment for drug addiction generally isn’t a cure. Drug Use and Viral Infections (HIV, Hepatitis).

Video: The Opioid Epidemic: About 142 Americans Die Everyday

The researchers behind the new study wrote in the Journal of the American Heart Association that hospitalizations due to the infection rose "side by side" with the opioid epidemic.

The team looked at data on 954,709 patients admitted to hospital with infectiveendocarditis between 2002 and 2016, from the biggest publicly available healthcare database in the country.

Rising heart infections tied to U.S. opioid epidemic

  Rising heart infections tied to U.S. opioid epidemic Between 2002 and 2016, rates of infective endocarditis doubled, according to a report.Between 2002 and 2016, rates of infective endocarditis doubled, with much of the increase occurring in young, poor, white men who also tended to have higher rates of alcohol abuse, hepatitis C and HIV, the study authors report in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Most often, the drug abuse cited in patients' records was "mixed." That is how the hospital codes opioids -- which include prescription painkillers The epidemic is also costly in terms of health care, his study illustrates. The 66 patients treated at the hospital in 2015 alone accumulated nearly .6

The Department has made the crisis a top clinical priority and is committed to using our full expertise and According the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)’ s National Survey on The opioid epidemic in the U. S . is fundamentally tied to two primary issues.

All U.S. sates were found to be affected, but the Midwest saw the biggest spike in patients who struggled with drug abuse hospitalized with the heart condition between 2002 and 2016, at almost 4.9 percent.

The condition usually affects patients who are around the age of 70. But the drug abuse patients in the study were relatively young men, aged 38 on average, white, and poor. They here were also more likely to have HIV, hepatitis C, and abuse alcohol.

Dr. Serge C. Harb, Cleveland Clinic cardiologist and senior author of the study, described infectiveendocarditis linked to drug abuse as a "nationwide epidemic" and told Newsweek he was shocked by the magnitude of the problem.

He described the patients as "vulnerable" people who need help.

The idea to conduct this research came to him after working with heart patients, he said. "It is hard not to notice that the number of young drug addicts admitted with endocarditis is increasing!"

Study: Doctors 'under-prepared' to treat patients struggling with opioid use

  Study: Doctors 'under-prepared' to treat patients struggling with opioid use More than four out of five doctors are reluctant to take on patients using prescribed opioids, according to a survey.More than four out of five doctors are reluctant to take on patients using prescribed opioids, and they said that because of the opioid crisis, it's considerably harder today to treat patients in pain than it was before the epidemic. That's according to the new study, which was conducted by Quest Diagnostics and the Center on Addiction.

That parallels an increase in drug use in the state. Endocarditis is a life-threatening infection of In some cases, surgery is also needed to repair damaged heart valves, or to help clear the infection . They started with abusing prescription opioids , and when those drugs became harder to obtain they

Here' s yet another consequence of the U. S . opioid crisis : a rise in serious heart infections in a state hard-hit by the drug epidemic . A new study, done at West Virginia' s largest medical center, found that admissions for endocarditis related to drug abuse more than doubled

Harb said health measures to tackle the problem must be rolled out nationwide, and targeted in areas where patients are most at risk. This would see multidisciplinary teams, including heart and addiction specialists, as well as social workers, collaborating.

"Appropriately treating the infection is only one part of the management plan," said Harb. He added: "Helping these patients address their addictive behaviors, providing social support, and getting them to effective rehabilitation programs are key aspects in their optimal care and to prevent relapses."

Dr. Scott Hadland, an addiction specialist at the Grayken Center for Addiction at Boston Medical Center who did not work on the study, told Newsweek the study illustrates the broader harms of the national opioid overdose crisis.

"We already know that opioid-related overdoses surged from the early 2000s through the mid-2010s, as did diagnoses of opioid addiction, hepatitis C infections and a number of other drug-related problems. This study adds endocarditis, an infection of the heart, to this list."

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Spike in new infections could have devastating long-term consequences. New research from the Centers for “Hepatitis C is a deadly, common, and often invisible result of America ’ s opioid crisis ,” said “By testing people who inject drugs for hepatitis C infection , treating those who test positive

Now the federal government, states, drug manufacturers and health providers are scrambling to find ways to confront an epidemic that began in the “Essentially what the opioids did was create that vacuum.” More providers have also begun taking an overall care team approach to limit the amount of

"It was surprising to me that the Midwest had the most rapid rise in the incidence of endocarditis, since the burden of the opioid overdose crisis is higher in other regions of the country. On the other hand, the Midwest may not have the same infrastructure as other regions to detect and treat substance use disorder," he said.

Hadland pointed out that numerous Midwest states chose not to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, and "numerous provisions within the law ensure availability of and access to health care and addiction treatment."

Magdalena Cerda, a director of the Center for Opioid Epidemiology and Policy at NYULangone Health who did not work on the study, told Newsweek she was surprised by the "stark differences in the incidence rate of drug abuse-related infectious endocarditis, compared to non-drug abuse-related infectious endocarditis. There is a particularly huge spike that occurs between 2010 and 2016, which coincides with the spike in heroin and fentanyl-related overdoses."

"By 2016, the incidence rate of drug abuse infectious endocarditis was almost 79 per 10,000, while the incidence rate of non-drug abuse infectious endocarditis was 29 per 10,000. That's a huge difference, and it is likely connected to the changes in the opioid overdose epidemic," she said.

Cerda also pointed out limitations to the study, including that it relies on administrative data, and the researchers used a combination of multiple International Classification of Diseases codes to identify cases with drug abuse. This may have lead to cases of drug-related infectious endocarditis to be under-counted, she argued. Cerda also said the geographic information is limited, making it hard to identify the specific areas in the country that are seeing outbreaks of this problem.

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