Could taking a vitamin D supplement slow diabetes progression?
New Canadian research has found that taking a vitamin D supplement could help slow down the progression of type 2 diabetes in those who have recently been diagnosed with the disease, or those who show signs of prediabetes.
Health experts commonly tell patients to lose weight to reduce the effects of type 2 diabetes. But researchers said that it is not always necessary to control weight when diagnosed with the disease.
A new study, published in the journal, shows that people can reverse a type 2 diabetes diagnosis with an easier approach. Patients may soon stop following highly strict diets to manage the disease.
"We've known for some time now that it's possible to send diabetes into remission using fairly drastic measures such as intensive weight loss programmes and extreme calorie restriction," Hajira Dambha-Miller, an epidemiologist at the University of Cambridge, said. "These interventions can be very challenging to individuals and difficult to achieve."
Liver disease related to obesity and diabetes rising in U.S.
The only liver disease becoming more widespread in the U.S. is one driven by obesity and diabetes, even as other types of liver disorders linked to drinking or hepatitis are becoming less common, researchers say. © Mladen Zivkovic/Getty Images For the study, researchers examined nationwide health survey data collected in five cycles between 1988 and 2016. Over this period, the proportion of adults with what's known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rose from 20% to 28.3%, mirroring increases in rates of obesity and diabetes over the same period.
But the new study suggests following extreme regimens may not be the best approach for people with type 2 diabetes to increase their chances of reversing the condition. Dambha-Miller said it is possible to “get rid of diabetes” by losing only 10 percent of weight, ScienceAlert.
The researcher added modest weight loss could prevent diabetes for at least five years. The findings come from the analysis of data on 867 type 2 diabetes patients, aged 40 to 69, from England.
The team divided the participants into groups, which followed either a routine medical care or an intervention treatment that involved additional medical consultations and resources. The researchers then followed the participants for five years.
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By the end of the follow-ups, nearly 30 percent of the participants experienced remission of diabetes. Researchers said that the disease was reversed in people who maintained the same weight or those who lost 10 percent of weight.
The findings eliminate the need to follow previous claims of losing 15 percent of body weight or greater to help people manage type 2 diabetes. Researchers said many patients find the weight loss plan difficult to achieve.
A study in 2017 also showed that the people who were told to follow an extreme "total diet replacement" consumed only low-calorie shakes for months. The intervention led to physical and emotional challenges among participants.
"Previous studies have shown that, when attempting to lose weight, people often set unrealistically high weight loss goals that could be detrimental to success," the researchers of the latest study said.
Diabetes: Smaller people at higher risk
According to a recent German study, a person's height would be directly correlated with his risk of type 2 diabetes. small, this risk is high.
We do not choose unfortunately its size , and yet, it can be directly related to our health. A study published in the journal Diabetologia has just shown that small people are more likely to develop an diabetes type 2 . The size could therefore be used to predict the risk associated with this disease.The greater one is, the lower the risk of diabetes
Researchers from the German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (Germany) analyzed the data of 27 548 men and women, aged 40 to 65 years. In particular, they collected some of their physical characteristics such as weight, measured standing and sitting height, waist circumference, and blood pressure. A sub-cohort of 2,500 participants was then randomly selected, whose researchers excluded those already with diabetes.
This study revealed that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes was reduced by 41% in men and 33% in women, for each 10 cm height additional. In other words, the greater you are, the lower the risk.Overweight counteracts the beneficial effects of size
In addition, the link between height and risk of diabetes seems more important for people whose weight is " normal ", with a reduced risk of 86% in men and 67% among women, every 10 cm tall gained. On the other hand, in overweight or obese people, the risk only decreases by 36% for men and 30% for women."This may indicate that a greater risk of diabetes, related to a large waist circumference,
counteracts the beneficial effects related to height," say the researchers. And it does not matter whether the waist circumference is due to growth or excessive consumption of calories .The researchers also focused more specifically on the
leg length of the participants. And it seems that having big legs helps to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in men .Read more
Doctors may miss signs of prediabetes, study finds .
Many patients with prediabetes don't even know they have it.Prediabetes occurs when blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. The condition, which impacts millions of Americans, can put people at higher risk of heart disease and stroke, and many don't know they have it.