Health & Fit The Way We Walk May Indicate Dementia Type

10:25  11 october  2019
10:25  11 october  2019 Source:   medicaldaily.com

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Different types of dementia are associated with particular types of brain cell damage in particular regions of the brain. For example, in Alzheimer's disease, high levels of certain proteins inside and outside brain cells make it hard for brain cells to stay healthy and to communicate with each other.

The way you walk could be a hint as to whether you will develop dementia or Alzheimer's disease, according to several new studies. Changes in walking

More people are developing Alzheimer’s disease in the U.S. every year, with the current number reaching up to 5.8 million patients. It is the most common form of dementia that affect people at age 65 and older.

a group of people walking down the street© Pixabay

It is important to detect Alzheimer’s disease early. It provides wider access to treatments or therapies that could help reduce its symptoms.

Now, a new study suggests there is an easier way to identify when a person is at risk of having certain types of dementia. You just have to look at how they walk.

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If we feel that dementia may be in our future or that of our loved one, what other indications of cognitive change should we watch for? Slow walking can be an early indicator of AD. Researchers led by Natalia del Campo, PhD, of the Gerontopole and the Center of Excellence in Neurodegeneration of

Walking with dementia . Comment: The way you walk could be used to identify types of dementia . Writing for The Conversation, Dr Ríona McArdle discusses the research she led which shows that walking may be a key clinical tool in helping identify specific types of dementia .

Researchers found that people with Alzheimer’s disease as well as Lewy body dementia have unique gait patterns, or the movement of their body when walking, according to Mercola.

“The way we walk can reflect changes in thinking and memory that highlight problems in our brain, such as dementia,” Ríona McArdle, lead researcher and a postdoctoral researcher at Newcastle University's Faculty of Medical Sciences, said.

The findings, published in the journal Alzheimer’s & Dementia, come from the analysis of data from 110 people, who are either free of neurological problems or diagnosed with dementia. Researchers looked into their gait characteristics and irregularities.

The people with Lewy body dementia and Alzheimer’s have different step length. Lewy body patients had longer steps but greater step time asymmetry.

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Understanding that different types of dementia have unique walking patterns could help patients receive the correct diagnosis. And this may allow researchers to better understand the effects of dementia on the brain and body in earlier stages, aiding treatment and prevention in the future.

Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia are illnesses of the brain, not a natural consequence of aging. “If we can change the way people look at dementia and talk about it, we can make a big difference in people’s lives,” said Philippa Tree, who spearheads a well-established Dementia Friends

Alzheimer’s patients had a slower pace and greater step variability compared to healthy participants.

“Executive dysfunction explained 11 percent of variance for gait variability in LBD [Lewy body dementia], whereas global cognitive impairment explained 13.5 percent of variance in AD [Alzheimer’s disease]; therefore, gait impairments may reflect disease-specific cognitive profiles,” the researchers said.

The study suggests that analyzing step length variability and step time asymmetry of people could accurately identify 60 percent of dementia subtypes. It is not the first time that changes in how people walk has been considered as a sign of dementia.

A 2008 study found that people with the condition commonly experience gait disorders, like decrease the patient’s walking speed, due to cognitive decline. Researchers of the latest research aim to see another study focused on how gait characteristics would improve diagnostic procedures for such condition.

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Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia are illnesses of the brain, not a natural consequence of aging. “If we can change the way people look at dementia and talk about it, we can “The point they were making was that folks with dementia might remember some of these steps but not others.

Dementia can cause aggression, confusion and more difficult problems. Although it can be hard to understand why people with dementia act the way they do, the DO: There are a few possible ways to respond to questions that indicate your loved one is confused about where he or she is.

Related video: Dementia linked to commonly prescribed medicine, study says [via USA TODAY]

Half of middle-aged Americans think they will develop dementia .
Many try to beat the odds with supplements like ginkgo biloba and vitamin E that aren't proven to help.Researchers examined data from the University of Michigan's 2018 National Poll on Healthy Aging (NPHA), a nationally representative survey of adults ages 50 to 80. Overall, 44.3% of respondents said they were at least somewhat likely to develop dementia, and 4.2% said they were very likely to develop dementia.

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