Health & Fit: Who says you can't eat red meat? Food advice questioned anew - Fatty liver disease: eating too much meat, even lean, increases risk by 54% - PressFrom - US
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Health & Fit Who says you can't eat red meat? Food advice questioned anew

18:10  13 october  2019
18:10  13 october  2019 Source:   ap.org

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Eating red meat has not yet been established as a cause of cancer. Cooking of red meat or processed meat also produces heterocyclic aromatic amines as well as other chemicals However, there is not enough information to say whether higher or lower cancer risks are related to eating any

Red meat is one of the most nutritious foods you can eat . It is loaded with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants Several observational studies show that red meat is associated with a greater risk of They can tell us that individuals who eat a lot of red meat are more likely to get sick, but they cannot

NEW YORK (AP) — So is red meat good or bad for you? If the answer were only that simple.

FILE - In this Jan. 18, 2010 file photo, steaks and other beef products are displayed for sale at a grocery store in McLean, Va. On Sept. 30, 2019, a team of international researchers recently rattled the nutrition world by saying there isn’t enough evidence to tell people to cut back on red or processed meat, seemingly contradicting advice from prominent health experts and groups including the American Cancer Society and American Heart Association. But the researchers didn’t say people should eat more meat, or that it’s healthy. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File): FILE - In this Jan. 18, 2010 file photo, steaks and other beef products are displayed for sale at a grocery store in McLean, Va. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)© Provided by The Associated Press FILE - In this Jan. 18, 2010 file photo, steaks and other beef products are displayed for sale at a grocery store in McLean, Va. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

A team of international researchers recently rattled the nutrition world by saying there isn't enough evidence to tell people to cut back on red or processed meat, seemingly contradicting advice from prominent health experts and groups including the American Cancer Society and American Heart Association.

But the researchers didn't say people should eat more meat, or that it's healthy. No new studies were conducted, and they reported no new understanding of meat's effects on the body. Instead, the papers offer a new approach to giving advice about food and health — and a rebuke to how it's often done.

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Eating a lot of red and processed meat probably raises your risk of bowel cancer. You can do this by eating smaller portions of red and processed meat , eating these meats less often or This should include meat or other sources of protein. Children don' t need as much food as adults, and the amount

Is red meat crowding out foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains? “People don’ t need to give up red meat ,” says Christine Rosenbloom A: High-temperature cooking of any muscle meat , including red meat , poultry, and fish, can generate compounds in food that may increase cancer risk.

The dispute lays bare problems with nutrition research long acknowledged in the scientific world: Nutrition studies are almost never conclusive, and whatever supposed risk and benefits there are to any food are often oversimplified.

"People like bumper sticker guidance," said Dr. Walter Willett, a professor of nutrition at Harvard who has led studies tying meat to bad health.

Now health experts are wrestling with how solid scientific findings should be before guidance is issued, how to address biases that might skew conclusions and whether the pleasure we get from eating should be considered.

The scrutiny is likely to spill over to other dietary advice as obesity becomes an ever more critical public health concern, and people become increasingly frustrated with flip-flopping messages.

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1. Eating meat hardens blood vessels. A compound found in red meat (and even used as an “We know processed red meat like hot dogs and salami are the worst,” says Larry Santora, MD, medical Meat impacts the environment more than any other food we eat , mainly because livestock require

Red meat can be part of a healthy diet – just don’ t eat it every day. “If you ’re keeping portions in check, there’s no reason why you can ’ t enjoy meat several times per week,” says registered dietician Bonnie Taub-Dix, creator of BetterThanDieting.com and author of Read it Before You Eat It – Taking

MEAT TWO WAYS

The papers analyzed past studies on red and processed meat and generally corroborated the links to cancers, heart disease and other bad health outcomes. But they said the chance of any benefit from eating less of them appeared small or negligible.

For every 1,000 people, for instance, cutting back on red meat by three servings a week was linked to seven fewer deaths from cancer. For some other health measures, like strokes, the difference was smaller or nonexistent.

What's more, the researchers said there's little certainty meat was the reason for the differences.

Uncertainty is common in nutrition research. Many studies about food and health are based on links researchers make between people's health and what they say they eat. But that doesn't prove one causes the other. If a thin person loves cereal and eats it nearly every day, for instance, that doesn't mean cereal is the reason they're thin.

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Eat red meat if you want, eat “a lot” if you like, but eat unprocessed or minimally processed and If this is a question in response to the study about red meat upping mortality risks It is very surprising about improved blood lipids which is against many doctors' and dietitians' advice and most people's

And when you do eat red meat , the ACS says select leaner cuts and smaller portions. As Clinton tells NPR's Robert Siegel on All Things Considered What is new, Tufts' Mozaffarian says , is that WHO , which many countries look to for health advice , is using its megaphone to get people to pay attention.

Health experts who defend advice to cut back meat say the researchers were applying an unreasonable standard — evaluating the strength of the meat studies with a method intended for medical studies, where a specific dose of drug can be tested under controlled conditions.

With nutrition, they say it's impossible to conduct studies where people's diets and lifestyles are controlled and monitored over long periods. They say the statistical signals they see in nutrition studies are meaningful, and that people should be given guidance on the best available data.

THE PERSON VS. THE POPULATION

If it's true that there would be seven fewer cancer deaths for every 1,000 people who cut back on red meat, then it is also true that 993 of those people would not see that benefit even if they ate fewer burgers.

For many public health experts, the potential for those seven fewer deaths is worth making a broad recommendation to limit meat. Across an entire population, the numbers could add up to many lives saved.

But the question is where to draw the line, and at what point the potential benefit is too small and uncertain to ask people to change their behavior.

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Men and women who eat higher amounts of red meat and processed meat have a higher risk of Processed meat was either white or red meat that was cured, dried, or smoked, Sinha says , such as bacon, chicken sausage, lunch meats , and cold cuts. Foods You Can ' t Stop Eating -- But Should.

Red meat (such as beef, lamb and pork) can form part of a healthy diet. But eating a lot of red and processed meat probably increases your risk of If you defrost raw meat and then cook it thoroughly, you can freeze it again. But never reheat meat or any other food more than once as this could lead

The authors also argue the individual being asked to change their behavior should be considered. For those who regularly eat and enjoy meat, cutting back on it may seem drastic if all they are getting in return is small reduction in risk, if any at all.

"Recommendations should consider the values and preferences of people who actually bear the consequences," said Bradley Johnston, lead author of the papers, who specializes in research methodologies.

TILTING THE EVIDENCE

Given the uncertainties of nutrition science, another long-running concern is the potential for findings to be skewed by personal beliefs or financial incentives.

The latest papers were no exception, with critics and supporters each pointing to factors that could have influenced the others' position.

Critics noted Johnston, the lead author, undermined another dietary recommendation in the past. He previously led a study funded by the food industry that challenged guidelines to limit added sugars, which serves the interests of many food companies. That paper initially said the authors independently wrote the plan for the study. After emails obtained by the Associated Press showed the industry group sent "requested revisions," the paper was corrected to say the group reviewed and approved the plan.

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The man who singled out red meat . Red meat has long been suspect, and the argument that it could kill you started with a scientist named Ancel Keys. Keys and company found that men in Italy and Greece had lower cholesterol, seemed to drop dead less often, and said they ate less red meat than

Conventional wisdom says to eat red meat just once a week. Red meat has been demonized by the media for many years, but there's a lot more to this carnivorous delight than meets the eye. Processed meats like hot dogs and sausage do not meet the recommendations for lean and should

Johnston and supporters of the papers countered, saying critics have long advised people to limit meat and could feel the need to defend their position.

The back-and-forth underscores the difficulty of ruling out the biases any researcher is likely to have, given the amount of industry money in nutrition research and the strong beliefs people often have about food.

Meat is an especially polarizing topic, given the animal welfare and environmental consequences that come with it.

That could further confuse people about who or what to believe, or they just focus on research that backs up what they want to believe.

LOST IN TRANSLATION

Wherever researchers stand on meat, there's agreement that the nuances of nutrition science often get lost in translation. Foods are often labeled as good or bad, even when researchers try to be nuanced.

Take red meat. The advice to "limit" it often doesn't specify by how much, which could lead people to think cutting back is good regardless of the context. But in poorer countries, red meat might help improve diets. In richer countries, Willett said the benefits of cutting back would vary depending on what replaces it, and that pizza might not be an improvement.

Still, Willett and others who criticized last week's papers say the many Americans who eat red meat once a day or more could benefit from eating less.

There's no consistent recommendation for an acceptable amount. The American Cancer Society's experts say "a few" servings a week or less. A study by Willett, which also addressed the environmental impact of food, advised a limit of one serving a week.

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Among non- red meat eaters and vegetarians, there are degrees of improvements: chicken and fish eaters are healthier than those who also eat red It’s possible, Fraser said , that future research will find little difference between those who avoid meat altogether and those who indulge less than once

Conflicting advice regarding nuts and diverticular disease ends with results from large study! There is good news for individuals with diverticular disease who are While we have been telling diverticular disease patients that you can still eat these delicious and nutritious foods , some dietary advice

Public health experts want to give people advice that's easy to communicate. But most acknowledge that doing a better job of conveying nuances and uncertainties could help prevent mistrust and confusion.

SO WHAT SHOULD WE EAT?

Already, the U.S. dietary guidelines have backpedaled on advice to limit total fat, which has been blamed for encouraging people to eat too much pasta and cookies.

In the years since, the guidelines have focused on the saturated fat found in foods like meat, butter and some packaged foods, saying it should be limited to 10% of calories.

As advice around specific foods changes, health experts have increasingly focused on the importance of overall diets. Some note focusing on single foods, which often have a complex mix of nutrients, can also distract from a simpler message: Don't eat too much, since eating more calories than you burn makes you gain weight.

"If everyone would just pay attention to that one, we would solve a lot of problems," said Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition and food policy at New York University.

___

This Associated Press series was produced in partnership with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

Related video: To Eat Red Meat or Not? (Provided by Veuer)

Here’s How to Tell If Chicken Has Gone Bad .
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