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Health & Fit Diabetes tied to increased risk of hidden spinal fractures

02:30  15 november  2019
02:30  15 november  2019 Source:   reuters.com

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  Heavy soda consumption tied to higher fracture risk after menopause Older women who drink more soda may be more likely to suffer hip fractures than their counterparts who consume little to no soda, a recent study suggests. © tirc83/Getty ImagesResearchers examined data on soda consumption, bone health and fractures for more than 70,000 women who were 69 years old on average. Half the women were tracked for at least 12 years. Overall, 2,578 hip fractures occurred during follow-up. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

A high BMI is one risk factor for diabetes , which in turn is a risk factor for heart disease. Job-related stress can cause people to overeat and overindulge in other unhealthy behaviors, and stress hormones can directly promote weight gain as well, all of which could contribute to increased risk for diabetes .

Poor glycemic control is associated with an increased risk for fracture in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but not in patients with type 2 diabete. "The impact of glycemic control on the risk of non-vertebral low-trauma fractures differed in T1DM and T2DM patients with short-term Hide .

People with type 2 diabetes are more likely than others to develop spinal fractures that sometimes have no obvious symptoms but are tied to increased risk of future broken bones, a research review suggests.

The analysis focused on so-called vertebral fractures, also known as compression fractures, that happen when bones in the spine weaken and crumple, often in the lower back. These fractures can be caused by injuries or by osteoporosis and may have few symptoms, but they can lead to problems like severe chronic pain or reduced height.

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With pancreatic cancer, the increased risk of diabetes was more than five-fold, while it was roughly doubled for liver and kidney malignancies. Breast, thyroid and stomach malignancies were also tied to an increased risk of diabetes . Time also played a role, with a 47 percent greater risk of diabetes

Fracture risk up with T2DM and current use of rosiglitazone, pioglitazone regardless of glycemic control. “The impact of glycemic control on the risk of non-vertebral low-trauma fractures differed in T1DM and T2DM patients with short-term disease,” the authors write.

The current study included data from 15 prior studies with a total of 852,702 men and women. Overall, people with type 2 diabetes were 35 percent more likely than those without the disease to have vertebral fractures, the analysis found.

And individuals with both diabetes and vertebral fractures were more than twice as likely as others to experience broken bones elsewhere in the body.

"Currently, there are no specific guidelines for the assessment of fracture risk or treatment of osteoporosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes," Fjorda Koromani of Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and colleagues write in Diabetes Care.

"Based on our findings, we suggest that individuals with type 2 diabetes should be systematically assessed for the presence of vertebral fractures," they write.

Maternal diabetes in pregnancy tied to heart disease in adult kids

  Maternal diabetes in pregnancy tied to heart disease in adult kids People whose mothers had diabetes during pregnancy may be at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease by early adulthood, a recent study suggests. © Arno Images/Getty ImagesThe analysis followed more than 2.4 million babies born in Denmark for up to four decades, including nearly 55,000 whose mothers had diabetes during pregnancy. During the study period, cardiovascular disease developed before age 40 in 1,153 people whose mothers had diabetes while pregnant and 91,311 whose mothers did not.

Risk of falls and non- spinal , non-traumatic fractures in women with ≥ weekly urinary incontinence at a mean follow up of 3 years. Conclusion. In community dwelling older white women, weekly or more frequent urge but not stress urinary incontinence increased the risk of falls and non- spinal

Watch CBSN Live. Diabetes tied to increased risk for dementia. By David W Freeman. Risk of diabetes can be reduced by losing excess weight, getting regular exercise, and controlling high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and high triglycerides, according to the American Diabetes

Moreover, when people with diabetes do have vertebral fractures, the study team advises, this would be a good reason to start treatment for osteoporosis to help prevent future broken bones.

Type 2 diabetes has long been linked to an increased risk of complications like heart attacks and strokes, nerve damage, kidney failure, vision deterioration and premature death. People with diabetes also have an increased risk of fractures of the hip and other broken bones, the researchers note.

People with diabetes in the study who didn't have vertebral fractures still had a 94% higher risk of broken bones compared to those without diabetes. And people with vertebral fractures without diabetes had a 73% higher risk of broken bones.

When people had both diabetes and vertebral fractures, they were 2.4 times more likely than those with neither condition to experience broken bones.

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With pancreatic cancer, the increased risk of diabetes was more than five-fold, while it was roughly doubled for liver and kidney malignancies. Gallbladder and lung tumors were associated with at least a 70 percent greater risk of diabetes . Breast, thyroid and stomach malignancies were also tied to an

Fracture risk up with T2DM and current use of rosiglitazone, pioglitazone regardless of glycemic control. HealthDay News — Poor glycemic control is “The impact of glycemic control on the risk of non-vertebral low-trauma fractures differed in T1DM and T2DM patients with short-term disease,” the

People with both diabetes and vertebral fractures were also more likely to die prematurely than others, with the greatest risk seen in heavier people, particularly obese men.

One limitation of the results is that the smaller studies included in the analysis didn't examine in detail how the risk of broken bones or premature death varied based on body mass.

Another drawback is that researchers lacked data on what type of treatment people with diabetes used, making it impossible to determine whether diabetes medication influenced the outcomes.

Still, the results suggest that vertebral fractures may represent an underrecognized health risk for people with diabetes, the study authors conclude.

"Notoriously, presence of vertebral fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes also constitutes a call for attention to potentially frail individuals at higher risk of mortality than that expected from type 2 diabetes alone," the researchers write.

Gallery: 17 Habits Proven to Help Prevent Diabetes (Provided by Best Life)

a person in a blue shirt: Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that plagues the American population. In their 2017 National Diabetes Statistics Report, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) noted that 30.3 million Americans were living with type 2 diabetes—which is over 9 percent of the U.S. population. Though there are inheritable factors you can't control that can increase your risk, there are still plenty of things you can do to avoid becoming part of this alarming statistic. Keep reading to learn how to prevent diabetes by adopting these simple everyday habits. And for more healthy habits you should be doing every day, don't miss these 50 Doctor-Approved Habits You Should Totally Steal.

SOURCE: https://bit.ly/2KlvqPx Diabetes Care, online October 28, 2019.

Genetic testing could help spot risk of type 1 diabetes .
Often a patient won't know they have type 1 diabetes until they experience severe symptomsNPR reports around 2,000 children have participated in the study so far, and about 60 of those children carry a higher genetic risk.

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This is interesting!