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Health & Fit Do We Really Need Heart Surgeries For Arterial Blockages?

12:25  18 november  2019
12:25  18 november  2019 Source:   medicaldaily.com

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A heart surgery may not always be the best option to treat patients with blocked arteries . A new study found that taking drugs alone may offer more benefits, from safety to lower costs. Researchers analyzed data from more than 5

The findings of a large federal study on bypass surgeries and stents call into question the medical care provided to tens of thousands of heart disease patients with blocked coronary arteries , scientists reported at the annual meeting of the American Heart Association on Saturday.

A heart surgery may not always be the best option to treat patients with blocked arteries. A new study found that taking drugs alone may offer more benefits, from safety to lower costs.

  Do We Really Need Heart Surgeries For Arterial Blockages? © Pixabay

Researchers analyzed data from more than 5,000 people who reported moderate to severe blockages in coronary arteries. They said the patients did not not experience any heart attack after taking only drug therapy for blocked arteries unlike those who went under the knife.

The team followed the participants for an average of three and a half years. Researchers divided them into groups, receiving either medical therapy alone or a combination of medical therapy and stents or bypass surgery.

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Arterial Blockages . Heart . (0) (0). I have always assisted my wife because she has multiple health problems but I was really alerted when I couldn't keep up with her. Subsequently I underwent surgery and upon awakening I learned that they found five arterial blockages and had taken care of

Arterial blockage can result from a condition known as atherosclerosis, where a waxy substance called plaque forms inside of the arteries . Texas Heart Institute (THI) conducts research through clinical trials as part of our mission to improve heart health.

During the study, 145 died despite having stents or bypass and 276 patients experienced heart attacks after the procedures. Meanwhile, 144 people in the drug therapy group died and 314 had heart attacks.

Researchers said the findings suggest that drug therapy alone could save lives as effectively as bypass or stenting procedures. The team added stents and bypass have been overused in tens of thousands of patients with blocked coronary arteries, who only needed medications.

"You would think that if you fix the blockage the patient will feel better or do better," Alice Jacobs, director of Cath Lab and Interventional Cardiology at Boston University, told The New York Times. The study"certainly will challenge our clinical thinking."

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Clogged arteries can lead to heart attack and stroke. What are the dangers of arterial plaque and clogged arteries ? Do clogged arteries cause any symptoms? This procedure helps open clogged arteries that have become partially or fully blocked by opening up the blockage with a device that

Open- heart surgery is any type of heart surgery where the chest is cut open and surgery is performed on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart . When it’s needed . Procedure. Risks. This allows the grafted artery to “bypass” the blocked artery and bring fresh blood to the heart .

Heart Surgeries vs. Medications

One doctor said there is another benefit in taking heart medications instead of surgery. The country could save up to $775 million a year by providing only drugs to 31,000 patients, according to Judith Hochman, chair of the study and senior associate dean of clinical sciences at N.Y.U. Langone Health.

Bypass surgery costs an average of $45,000 in the U.S., while stenting costs an average of $25,000 per patient.

"This is an extraordinarily important trial," Glenn Levine, director of cardiac care at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, told the Times.

Levine, a member of the guidelines committee of the American Heart Association, said they will consider the findings for updates to heart treatment guidelines. Researchers presented the federally funded study at the recent annual meeting of the American Heart Association.

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Learn about this serious heart condition in which the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood become damaged or diseased. Eventually, the decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms.

For patients who have several blocked arteries around their heart , the gold standard treatment has long been coronary artery bypass surgery . Doctors usually also need to make incisions in other parts of the body, often the legs, to harvest healthy vessels that can be used to bypass blockages .


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