Health & Fit Cannabis may be ineffective as a replacement drug for opioid users
Concentrated cannabis is much stronger than weed and it's gaining popularity—especially with teens
Concentrates, also referred to as wax, shatter, and dab, have particularly high levels of THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis. © Provided by Bonnier Corporation Popular Science Noting the increased sales of concentrate, Madeline Meier, an assistant professor in the department of psychology at Arizona State University, was interested in seeing if broader use of concentrates among adults purchasing the products legally was mirrored by any trends in cannabis use for adolescents and teenagers.
A Canadian research team has analyzed several studies to determine if cannabis could serve as an exit drug for opioid-dependent patients undergoing methadone maintenance therapy. However, their investigation was unable to find any solid evidence that cannabis could help counter opioid use disorder.
The opioid epidemic, which continues to rage in the United States, has caused 50,000 deaths by overdose since the mid-2010s. Canada, which has had 10,000 deaths linked to opioid drugs (heroin, morphine, tramadol, codeine, oxycodone, fentanyl) -- some of which are taken illicitly to treat chronic pain -- has also been affected by this public health scourge. It was hoped that recent legislation, which has legalized the recreational use of cannabis in Canada and a number of American states, would lead to a reduction in the consumption of opioids caused by users switching to medical cannabis, which is also known for its pain-killing properties.
Opioid deaths dropped in Italy due to use of Naloxone
The rate of opioid deaths in the US is 27 times higher than in Italy.
However, a meta-analysis recently published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal and supported by the Canadian Institute of Health Research has spotlighted the absence of evidence to suggest that medical cannabis can help resolve the opioid epidemic. Researchers at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada reviewed 23 research projects, and conducted a meta-analysis of six studies with a total of 3,676 participants, which investigated the use of cannabis during methadone maintenance therapy.
The team observed that people who used cannabis during their treatment did reduce their illicit opioid use. Moreover, the researchers also noted that cannabis use was not associated with an increased propensity to remain in treatment.
"We found no consensus among studies that cannabis use is associated with reduced opioid use or longer treatment retention when used during methadone maintenance therapy in patients with opioid use disorder," concluded the authors of the study.
Society - Should cannabis be legalized? A smoky idea ... or not
The report is clear: since the law of 1970 prohibiting cannabis, there have never been so many consumers in France. So ? Status quo now banned in the name of health protection? Decriminalization, even legalization, only effective weapon according to its supports, to kill the traffics? Serene discussions seem impossible about his use. A sclerosis summarized by Anne Coppel *, sociologist and founder of the AFR (French Association for the Reduction of Risks Related to the Use of Drugs): "Defenders of the moral order on one side, libertarians on the other , the public debate is locked in positions of principle. A debate yet claimed by 84% of French, according to an Ipsos poll in October, which consider ineffective current legislation.
The question of legalization periodically agitates the political class. But, last year, it is a turning point: the eminent pulmonologist and Professor Bertrand Dautzenberg takes a stand for legalization. For him, "cannabis in France today is the adulterated alcohol of the time of prohibition". The French consume indeed the most harmful form, with cannabis resin and tobacco. "It's a dangerous product and you need rules," he says, as with the Evin law for alcohol and tobacco. Laurent Karila, psychiatrist and spokesperson of the association SOS Addictions, has also pronounced for a "legalization controlled". Many people also believe that the ban represents an additional attraction for young people. In early January, 150 personalities from Marseille, including 43 health care providers, called for a "regulated legalization" of cannabis, whose traffic gangrene the city.The forbidden, a bulwark for the most vulnerable
Among doctors, legalization is far from unanimous. The Academy of Medicine is fiercely opposed to it. Professor Jean Costentin, toxicologist and president of the National Center for Prevention, Studies and Research on Addictions, insists: "The legalization of a drug does not calm transgressive subjects. It forces them to transgress at the level of an even harder drug. The famous doctor Michel Cymes also expressed his disagreement: "Knowing the damage that it does on the neurons of teens, I do not see how a doctor can be for legalization and consumption. The same is true of child psychiatrist Marcel Rufo, who talks about the need to "protect teens" who, despite the ban, will still find cannabis to consume.The pragmatism of economists
Legalize to bail out the coffers of the state, control consumption and improve prevention, it was the recommendation of economists grouped in the think tank Terra Nova, close to the left, in 2014. This decision would generate between 1.3 and 2.1 billion euros in tax revenue, create 13,000 jobs in trade, leaving the traffickers aside. In a new report, presented in October, the idea remains but we no longer speak of state monopoly, because that would be in contradiction with its mission of public health. An instance would be created to manage this trade. "Legalization is the only reasonable way," says economist Emmanuelle Auriol in his book "To end the mafia. Sex, drugs and illegals: If we legalized? (Armand Colin)
* In his book "Drugs: Get out of the impasse", with Olivier Doubre, Ed Discovery, 24 €.
Some CBD products could lead to positive urine test for pot .
Here are 10 things to do in Dubrovnik, recommended by local tour guides. 1. City Walls Walk high above the fortified city. 2. Stradun The main pedestrian promenade in Old Town dazzles with its limestone street dating back to the 13th century. 3. Glorijet Restaurant Choose from daily grilled fish specials, seafood risotto or giant bowls of fish stew. 4. Mljet National Park Hike meandering trails under forested canopies, swim in one of the island's two tranquil saltwater lakes or visit a Benedictine monastery. 5. Konavle Valley This sliver of Croatian land stretches just south of Dubrovnik. 6.
How Cannabis Is Successful in Opioid Addiction Recovery | The Exit Drug
Dr. Wallace from The Exit Drug (documentary) explains how his patients have a high success rate in coming off of opioid addiction by using cannabis. About The ...
Could Cannabis Be A Solution To The Opioid Crisis?
Watch Part 1: Living With An Opioid Addiction https://youtu.be/VpEQaa6jzUU It only took a car accident to get Amy Mellen hooked on opioids for over a decade.