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Health & Fit Measles scare at U.S. airports: What to know about the highly infectious disease

18:46  24 december  2019
18:46  24 december  2019 Source:   usatoday.com

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  Five pregnant women hospitalized and two fetal losses from measles complications Five pregnant women have been hospitalized and two experienced fetal losses from measles complications in New Zealand, as an outbreak sweeps the country. © Joe Raedle/Getty Images A dose of measles vaccine at the Miami Children's Hospital in Miami, Florida The mothers, both in the northern city of Auckland, had caught measles, and complications led to the two fetal deaths, according to the Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS). They were both in their second trimester. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

Five U . S . airports had travelers with confirmed cases of measles pass through this month, according to health officials in those cities. “ Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease ," Dr. Mark Escott, medical director for Austin Public Health, said in a statement.

Travelers scared about contracting measles after a woman confirmed with the highly contagious respiratory disease made her way through three U . S . airports should make Symptoms of the highly contagious respiratory disease , which is caused by a virus, can include fever, runny nose, cough, red

There have been 1,276 confirmed cases of measles in 31 states so far this year, the highest number in 25 years, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control. It is more confirmed cases of measles than in the past four years combined.

a plane flying over a large body of water: In this file photo, a plane flies over Los Angeles International Airport. The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health is warning travelers that a person with measles was at the airport last month.© John Antczak, AP In this file photo, a plane flies over Los Angeles International Airport. The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health is warning travelers that a person with measles was at the airport last month.

Though the number of infections has decreased toward the end of the year, an unknown number of individuals have been exposed to measles after five U.S. airports confirmed that travelers with measles entered these airports.

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A traveler with measles has caused concern that workers and thousands of travelers passing through four major U . S . Airports could have been exposed to the highly infectious viral illness. It is so contagious that any child who is exposed to it and is not immune will probably get the disease .

Measles is a highly infectious viral disease , spread from person to person via droplets in the air. Learn about the symptoms and why vaccination is Measles is caused by a type of virus known as a paramyxovirus. This kind of virus spreads when an infected person coughs or sneezes droplets into

The vast majority of measles cases in 2019 have been reported in unvaccinated people and children under age 18. No deaths have been reported.

Here's everything you need to know about the scare and getting vaccinated.

What’s the latest today on measles in the U.S.?

Health officials in five U.S. cities — Los Angeles, Chicago, Denver, Austin, and Richmond — confirmed that individuals infected with measles visited their airports, potentially infecting others traveling through these airports.

An individual with measles traveled through Chicago O'Hare International Airport twice in one week, confirmed the Chicago Department of Public Health.

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In 1912, measles became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States, requiring U . S . healthcare providers and laboratories to report all diagnosed cases. This was thanks to a highly effective vaccination program in the United States, as well as better measles control in the Americas region.

" Measles is a highly infectious disease . In developing countries, 1-5% of children with measles die from complications of the disease . "Most measles -related deaths are caused by complications associated with the disease . Complications are more common in children under the age of five, or

The person contracted measles while traveling in Europe from late November to early December and became sick on Dec. 14, the Austin American-Statesman reported. The person developed a rash on Dec. 17, and boarded United Airlines Flight 790 that same day from Austin to Chicago with a connecting flight to Virginia.  The same individual also traveled on Dec. 12.

On Dec. 11, per the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, three unvaccinated children returning from a country with an ongoing measles outbreak traveled through two terminals in Los Angeles International Airport.

The three children then landed in Denver International Airport, where they went through Concourse A, baggage claim and passenger pick-up, according to Colorado's Tri-County Health Department. They are currently hospitalized at Children's Hospital Colorado.

All appear tied to one traveler: Travelers at Chicago, Texas, Virginia airports warned about possible measles exposure

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The facts are clear: infectious disease deaths declined nearly 90% BEFORE vaccines were Parents were even encouraged to spray their children directly with the highly toxic chemical as well as We never feared measles and mumps in the early 20th century… the media tells us what to fear, so they

An outbreak of measles that started at Disneyland has turned a spotlight on those who choose not At the heart of the matter is a concept known as herd immunity. It means that the overall national rate Measles draws especially close attention because it is highly infectious . Someone who has it can

Can you get measles if you are vaccinated?

Among the reported cases this year, some have been people who are fully or partially vaccinated, said Dr. Nancy Messonnier, director of the CDC’s national center for immunization and respiratory disease.

“In a setting where there is extreme disease pressure, we know there can be vaccine failure,” she said.

Two doses of measles vaccine are about 97% effective, and one dose is about 93% effective, according to the CDC.

Adults in high-risk settings, such as those traveling internationally, working in health care, or living in communities with ongoing outbreaks should check their vaccine status or consult with a health-care professional, she said. All individuals who traveled through airports in Los Angeles, Chicago, Denver, Austin, Richmond in early December are also advised to do so.

Should I get another measles vaccine?

Most adults — including people who received a single dose or were born before the measles vaccine was recommended  — are protected, Messonnier said.

CDC efforts are focused on those at higher risk: international travelers, health-care workers, university students and people in communities where outbreaks are underway, she said. Those adults should have had two shots, separated by at least 28 days.

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If you are unsure whether you've been vaccinated, check with your doctor. A blood test to check for measles antibodies can be done. There is no harm in getting another dose of the vaccine if you are already immune to measles, mumps and rubella.

How long does the measles vaccine last?

If you have had two measles shots, you are protected for a lifetime.

Individuals born between 1957 and 1989 should double-check their immunization records, as they likely only received one dose of the MMR vaccine. Guidelines by the CDC were updated in 1989 to two doses of the vaccine.

Who should be vaccinated?

Infants should get their first dose of the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine between six and 11 months of age, if they are going to travel internationally, said Redfield, the CDC director. Infants who are not traveling should get two doses, starting at 12 months of age and separated by at least 28 days. The second dose is usually given between 4 and 6 years of age, and the CDC is not currently recommending that it be done earlier.

Adolescents and adults who have not had measles should have two doses, separated by at least 28 days.

Health officials warn of measles exposure at 5 US airports

  Health officials warn of measles exposure at 5 US airports Five U.S. airports had travelers with confirmed cases of measles pass through this month, according to health officials in those cities. © Kamil Krzaczynski/Reuters Travelers queue during the Thanksgiving holiday travel rush at O'Hare Airport in Chicago, Nov. 27, 2019. In Chicago, an individual with measles traveled through two terminals at O'Hare International Airport over the course of a week. On Dec. 17, the individual passed through O'Hare's Terminal 1, and on Dec. 12, they passed through O'Hare's Terminal 3, according to the Chicago Department of Public Health.

Anyone traveling internationally should complete the vaccine schedule at least two weeks before departure. But if the departure is sooner, they should still get at least one dose of the vaccine, Redfield said.

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Contributing: Dawn Gilbertson, Joshua Bote, USA TODAY. Follow Lindy Washburn on Twitter: @LindyWa

This article originally appeared on NorthJersey.com: Measles scare at U.S. airports: What to know about the highly infectious disease

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