Health & Fit What causes high blood pressure and how to know if you have hypertension
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- The main causes of high blood pressure are lack of exercise, a high-sodium diet, smoking cigarettes, and obesity.
- A strong family history can increase the risk of high blood pressure, and people over 60 years old, African-Americans, and men are also more likely to have high blood pressure.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a common condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, aboutAmerican adults have high blood pressure, and more than half don't have it under control.
There are two types of hypertension - primary and secondary - and they each have different causes. Here's what you need to know about the biggest risk factors.
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What causes high blood pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the force of the blood against your artery walls is too high, and canto heart disease, heart attack, or stroke.
Primary hypertension tends to develop as you age and there is no one identifiable cause, says, MD, a cardiologist with MemorialCare Heart & Vascular Institute at Orange Coast Medical Center.
, on the other hand, is caused by other factors, such as adrenal gland tumors or kidney problems, like - a condition that narrows arteries resulting in less blood flow to the kidneys.
Because secondary hypertension is the result of an underlying cause, it can be treated by addressing that cause, Patel says, while primary hypertension has no cure - but can be controlled with lifestyle changes or medication.
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Lifestyle factors often cause primary hypertension, Patel says. Some of the biggest risk factors include:
- Smoking cigarettes. Smoking can cause your blood pressure to temporarily increase and , increasing your .
- Lack of exercise. Regular physical activity strengthens your heart, helping it . Less physical activity can contribute to a higher heart rate, putting more strain on your arteries and increasing blood pressure.
- Obesity. Excess weight puts a strain on your circulatory system, and research shows it can .
- Diet - particularly consuming too much sodium. Salt causes your body to retain fluid, which can increase blood pressure. The consuming no more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day.
- Stress. Stress can cause your blood pressure to , and can also contribute to other behaviors that increase blood pressure, like poor diet and tobacco use.
Hypertension can cause headaches, blurred vision and shortness of breath, but you may not experience many symptoms until the condition is very severe, Patel says.
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However, certain people have a higher risk of hypertension. For example, older people - especially- are more likely to have high blood pressure because blood vessels gradually as we age.
Here are some other physical and hereditary:
- Family history. If you have a close family member who has high blood pressure before the age of 60, you are to develop it. This doesn't necessarily mean you will have high blood pressure, but it does increase your chances, particularly if combined with other risk factors like lack of physical activity and a poor diet, Patel says.
- Gender. Men younger than 65 years old have consistently higher levels of hypertension when compared with women of the same age group, according to several studies. that even in their twenties, 27% of men had high blood pressure, while only 12% of women did.
Regular blood pressure checks at your doctor's office or at home with acan be crucial to identifying hypertension. If you think you're at risk of hypertension based on these factors, you should contact your doctor to discuss treatment options.
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A new study expands the evidence that the Dash diet can help reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Researchers found that the eating plan even helps adults under the age of 75 avoid heart failure.The study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, analyzed data from more than 4,500 people. Researchers followed the participants for more than 13 years to see how Dash diet, or the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, makes changes in their blood pressure. The eating plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, poultry, fish and low-fat dairy products.
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With these simple tips you can effectively lower your blood pressure
Around four out of ten people in Germany suffer from high blood pressure. Even if this seems to cause few acute problems, it can cause dangerous cardiovascular diseases in the long run. But it doesn't have to be that: Even without medication, people can lower their blood pressure with simple means.
Permanent hypertension is a health risk because the heart has to work more because it has to pump against the pressure. This enlarges the muscle and weakens it in the long run. Even the slightest physical exertion, such as getting dressed, can bring the person out of breath. On top of that, high blood pressure promotes calcification of the arteries. He is responsible for about half of strokes and. But with a balanced diet, enough exercise and a mindful lifestyle, everyone can do something about high blood pressure.
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What causes the widespread disease
An unhealthy lifestyle is the most common cause of high blood pressure. Abdominal overweight is one of the biggest risk factors. "When overweight patients reduce their belly fat, they start to deal with their blood pressure, much more causally than any medication can," says Dr. Gabriele Stumm. Losing weight is a first step in the fight against high blood pressure, the right foods also play an important role. Unsaturated fats like in fish, nuts and avocado should be on the menu in moderation, while saturated or hardened fats like in meat and fries should be reduced.
In addition to unhealthy fats and sugar, you should also save on salt, because too much of it increases blood pressure. The German Nutrition Society recommends a maximum of six grams of salt per day, which is approximately one level teaspoon. This value is usually exceeded, especially since there is a lot of salt in many processed products such as ready-made pizza. If you cook yourself, you can season your dishes with herbs or spices such as chilli or pepper.It is also part of a healthy and balanced diet not to eat meat and sausages every day, but plenty of vegetables and fruits - the more colorful, the more protective plant substances they contain. Smoking and increased alcohol consumption, on the other hand, damage the vessels, so both should be avoided if possible. Endurance sports train the blood vessels
But it is not only the nutrition and the absence of addictive substances that are important, but also the movement. Especially in the office job, people spend too much time sitting - and in their free time, many are still watching TV. Especiallyhelps the vessels to remain flexible and the heart learns to deal with stress. Walking, jogging, swimming or cycling at least three times a week will keep you going.
Too much stress drives blood pressure up too, so it is important to take breaks from time to time. If you find it difficult to relax, you can try yoga, autogenic training or breathing exercises, depending on your preferences.
In Europe, a value of 140 to 90 mmHg and above is considered high blood pressure. In addition to your own efforts, anyone who is diagnosed with this problem should always discuss with their doctor which medical measures make sense for them. "Every hypertension patient needs his or her individual target value, which is determined by the doctor who knows it best," explains Dr. Gabriele Stumm, who advises sufferers on the. A lot of background information and recipe ideas can be found on the website of the .
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