Health & Fit: Heart Attacks and Strokes Dropped After Trans Fat Ban - - PressFrom - US
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Health & Fit Heart Attacks and Strokes Dropped After Trans Fat Ban

15:11  14 april  2017
15:11  14 april  2017 Source:   nbcnews.com

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Trans fat bans are actually helping New York residents stay healthy, new research suggests. Hospitals in New York counties that banned the heart -clogging oils saw a 6.2 percent drop in heart attacks and strokes starting three years later, compared to areas without restrictions on trans fats , says an article

Laws that restrict adding trans fats to foods have had immediate beneficial effects on heart health, new research has found. Three years after restrictions were imposed, there was an additional 6.2 percent decline in hospital admissions for heart attacks and strokes in counties that banned trans fats

Heart attacks and strokes fell by more than 6 percent three years after some New York counties banned trans fats, researchers reported Wednesday.

A national ban on trans fats starts in 2018 and the study by a team at Yale University shows it may not only cut deaths, but non-fatal heart attacks and strokes as well.

Image: French fries made in trans fat free cooking oil © French fries that were made in trans fat-free cooking oil are poured from the fryer in Newark, New J... Image: French fries made in trans fat free cooking oil

Trans fats, found in oils used to make cookies, crackers, microwave popcorn and to fry fast food, stay fresh longer than liquid fats. But the chemical process used to make them solid like butter also makes them clog arteries just like butter or lard does.

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Good news on the public health front Rates Of Hospitalizations For Heart Attacks , Strokes Lower Where Trans Fats Are Banned Nicholas Bakalar writing for the

Trans Fat , Heart Attacks and Stroke . The consequences of trans fat have not been dealt out lightly, nor should not be, as their consumption has been But more specifically on the trans fat ban , the FDA has ruled that partially hydrogenated oils are no longer "generally recognized as safe," also known as

New York cities and counties were among the first to start banning them in restaurants and fast-food outlets. "New York City was the first large metropolitan area in the United States to restrict trans fats in eateries, starting July 2007," the researchers wrote in their report in the Journal of the American Medical Association's JAMA Cardiology.

Dr. Eric Brandt, of the Yale University School of Medicine, and colleagues checked medical records to see if it made any real difference. It did, they reported.

They compared counties where there were bans to counties where there were not.

"There was an additional 6.2 percent decline in hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (heart attack) and stroke among populations living in counties with vs without trans-fatty acid restrictions," they wrote.

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Trans fats have been widely used for almost 60 years. Foods that contain trans fats include many guilty pleasures such as fried or battered foods Researchers from the University of Chicago and Yale University determined that fewer heart attacks and strokes occurred in the counties with trans - fat

After a growing body of research in the 1990s sounded the alarm on the deleterious health effects of artificial trans fats , in July 2003 the U.S Food In demonstrating a significantly decreased risk of heart attacks in one state, the JAMA study further validates the FDA’s wider national ban on trans fats .

"A nationwide trans fat ban is a win for the millions of people at risk for cardiovascular disease," Brandt said in a statement.

The Food and Drug Administration has ruled that partially hydrogenated oils are no longer "generally recognized as safe" or GRAS. That means that after 2018, food manufacturers would have to ask the FDA for permission to use them in food products.

Trans fats are formed when liquid oils are chemically altered using a process called hydrogenization. This makes them similar to butter or lard. But the process almost makes these fats at least as unhealthy as, if not more unhealthy than, saturated fats.

The food industry and even health advocates at first thought they were better for health. It wasn't until the 1980s that medical research began to show clearly that they are not.

The debate confused the U.S. public, and many people still believe that butter is better for health than margarine. That may have been true of the old margarines made using hydrogenated oils, but it's less true now. Butter does raise bad cholesterol, but margarines made using unsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats do not.

5 unusual warning signs that you may have a problem with your heart

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Banning trans fats in foods can prevent a lot of heart attacks and strokes They found that three or more years after the restrictions were implemented, there was a 6.2 percent decline in hospitalizations for heart attacks and strokes in counties with restrictions compared to those without the restrictions.

Trans fats are deleterious for cardiovascular health, and minimizing or eliminating them from the diet can substantially reduce rates of heart attack The study found a 6 percent decline in hospitalizations for heart attack and stroke in areas with trans fat restrictions compared to those without within three

"A nationwide trans fat ban is a win for the millions of people at risk for cardiovascular disease."

The FDA estimates that 80 percent of trans fats are already gone from U.S. foods.

Good substitutes for partially hydrogenated fats and saturated fats are liquid oils such as olive oil, canola oil and safflower oil.

"Consumption of trans-fatty acids is associated with unfavorable physiologic changes, including reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL or 'good') cholesterol and increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL or 'bad') cholesterol levels, triglycerides, markers of systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α), and endothelial cell dysfunction," the team wrote.

In other words, they clog arteries and make blood vessels unhealthy and inflamed.

Studies have shown that when people eat even small amounts, they have a higher risk of stroke, heart disease and sudden heart death.

Just 2 grams of trans fats can raise a person's risk, the researchers said. And it's easy to get that much.

"For example, a large order of Popeye's Louisiana Kitchen cajun fries contains 3.5 g of trans-fatty acids per serving, Taco Bell's Cinnabon Delights (12-pack) contain 2.0 g of trans-fatty acids per serving, and multiple varieties of Pillsbury Shape sugar cookies contain 2.5 g of trans-fatty acids per serving," they wrote.

The one thing you should cut out of your diet completely .
If there is one thing to eliminate from your diet it should be trans fat, which significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Artificial trans fat is typically found in packaged foods like baked goods and snacks, as well as restaurant food.It's made by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil, therefore creating partially hydrogenated oil.The FDA is making an effort to eliminate trans fat by banning it in certain cities, counties, and states.Take a look at any nutrition label, and you'll be faced with two kinds of fats: saturated and trans.

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