4 Things Finger Length Can Reveal About You
This is what your finger length ratio, the difference between your index finger and ring finger, reveals about your health and behavior.The ratio length between our index finger and ring finger has been known to reveal everything from our health to behavior to physiology. Researchers have specified the smaller the 2D:4D ratio (2D = index finger; 4D = ring finger) — the longer our ring finger is compared to our index — the more testosterone we absorb in the womb. High levels of testosterone exposure is known to slow the growth of our index fingers, which can leave us with a greater difference in digit ratio between our index and ring fingers.
ADHD is one of the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorders in children in the U.S. But some experts think ADHD is overdiagnosed, especially in Since ADHD is a neurological condition that causes brain differences that have nothing to do with age or birth date, some say immaturity is often
Does Immaturity Play a Role in ADHD ? Experts suggest behaviors can depend on the environment as well as the child's age. At work, for example, an adult who exhibited hyperactivity as a child may instead swivel in an office chair, click their pen repeatedly or play a cellphone game under a desk.
Experts suggest behaviors can depend on the environment as well as the child's age.
According to the American Psychiatric Association,affects approximately 5 percent of children. Typically, it’s initially observed at a young age. The APA says ADHD “is often first identified in school-aged children when it leads to disruption in the classroom or problems with schoolwork.”
In this case, the young age of a child may raise an important question: What role does immaturity play when it comes to ADHD? The disorder involves behaviors such as an inability to focus,and acting on impulse without thinking through an action’s consequences – or elements from each.
20 Year-Old Stroke Survivor Shares the Warning Signs
One we think about strokes, we usually think that it's a possibility later in life. A healthy college student had her first stroke at age 20 and shares the warning signs.When her first stroke hit her, she tells The Doctors that she felt “dizzy and disoriented” while sitting in class and she thought she might have just been tired. A fellow classmate turned to her and said, “I think you just had a seizure,” but Sarah didn’t believe that was even a possibility. When she tried to leave class she lost feeling on the right side of her body, developed an intense migraine and facial drooping.
The major symptoms of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Secondary symptoms such as low self-esteem, aggressiveness and emotional immaturity play a major role in Although children with ADHD often struggle in school, it does not have anything to do with intelligence.
The symptoms of ADHD do change with time, however. For example, childhood hyperactivity may decrease as an adult finds healthy ways to channel their Additionally, poor nutrition or substance use during pregnancy may play a role in a child developing ADHD . Diagnosis. In the past, the terms ADD
While some parents may be concerned about the negative or potentially dismissive implication behind the term “immaturity,” which may suggest a mere childishness rather than a legitimate disorder, experts maintain it’s an important term to explore.
“I always consider chronological age and maturity when thinking of and diagnosing ADHD,” says, a pediatric neuropsychologist with offices in Manhattan and Long Island, New York. “What requires consideration is the impact of social maturity as well as the maturation of the brain itself when considering these behaviors pathological.”
Apublished online in February in the journal The Lancet Psychiatry revealed differences in an ADHD child’s brain – specifically, certain regions were smaller compared to children who did not have the neurologic disorder.
Could Food Choices Affect a Child's Risk of Having ADHD?
Studies suggest that there is a link to ADHD risk based on children's diets and the foods mothers eat during pregnancy.For example, research published in February in the journal Pediatrics followed 120 children and adolescents – 60 who were newly diagnosed with ADHD and 60 who were controls – and found that those who were not good at adhering to a Mediterranean diet were more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. A Mediterranean diet emphasizes consumption mostly of fruits, vegetables, nuts and fatty fish.
A recent study questions whether ADHD is really a matter of immaturity . An expert explains the research—and why parents shouldn't rush to delay kindergarten or hold their child back because of it. Understood.org does not market to or offer services to individuals in the European Union.
Attention Deficit Disorder Resources: "Behavioral Treatment for ADHD ." ADHD Library.org: "Teaching Attention Skills to Children with ADHD ." This tool does not provide medical advice. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual
Variousexist which control a child’s ability to concentrate and “hit the brakes,” says , parent advocate, former teacher and expert at Understood.org, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping parents whose children struggle with learning and attention issues. These areas may be less active and develop more slowly in kids with ADHD, something that appears to occur in the frontal lobe, or the front section of the brain, she explains. “This can upset the balance of certain brain chemicals. It can also explain why your child may have more trouble socially than his peers.”
- health risks facing their kids at school. “It’s a very different time,” Theodore says. Here are 10 health issues to watch out for this year – and how to prevent or reduce their effects:" data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-1-of-11-when-lea-theodore-was-growing-up-her-parents-screened-her-calls-after-all-friends-coul_381193_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="When Lea Theodore was growing up, her parents screened her calls; after all, friends could only reac... - (Getty Images)" />
Kids these days
- your child is eating at school? Many parents don’t, says Dr. Lisa Asta, a pediatrician in Walnut Creek, California, who often sees kids with ailments like headaches that can be traced back to poor eating habits. “Nutrition feeds into so much,” says Asta, including school performance. She recommends learning about your children’s school meal program and what’s offered in after-care. What and how you eat at home is important, too, adds Theodore, who suggests striving for regular family dinners, keeping only healthy snacks on hand, teaching your kids aboutwhile bringing them on grocery trips and – most importantly – modeling healthy eating at home." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-2-of-11-do-you-know-if-and-what-a-href-http-health-usnews-com-health-news-health-wellness-arti_749348_.jpg?content=1" title="Do you know if – and what – your child is eating at school? Many parents don’t, says Dr. Lisa Asta, ... - (Getty Images)" />
1. Poor nutrition
- concerns about bullying, Asta says. The result: rule-laden, structured exercise – think mind-numbing lap-running – during recess, if kids get recess at all. “For many kids, that equates physical activity with just torture,” Asta says. To help your kids, try inviting them to join you for a run or a , suggests Theodore, also a psychology professor at the College of William and Mary. “A lot of parents say one of the things they like to do is engage in those activities because it becomes a lifelong bond.”" src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-3-of-11-red-rover-tag-and-other-classic-recess-games-are-getting-the-boot-at-schools-across-th_727705_.jpg?content=1" title="Red rover, tag and other classic recess games are getting the boot at schools across the country due... - (Getty Images)" />
2. Physical inactivity
- National Association of School Nurses. She encourages parents to ask, "Who is meeting the health needs of my child in school?” and then get to know that person, especially if the child has a. Keep a contact list of school and mental health support staff handy, too, suggests Scott Bloom, director of school mental health services in the New York City Department of Education's Office of School Health." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-4-of-11-when-a-kid-gets-sick-at-school-he-goes-to-the-school-nurse-but-in-the-nearly-50-percen_14927_.jpg?content=1" title="When a kid gets sick at school, he goes to the school nurse. But in the nearly 50 percent of schools... - (iStockPhoto)" />
3. No school nurse
- Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. That’s serious, since the condition is the top reason kids miss school, and it also, concentration, self-esteem and other areas of mental health, Theodore says. “Overall, it diminishes their quality of life because it kind of alienates them,” she says, noting that some psychological interventions like guided imagery and mindfulness have been shown to improve symptoms. School nurses, too, can teach students how to use an inhaler, avoid triggers and recognize when to visit a health care provider, Mattey adds." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-5-of-11-asthma-which-affects-close-to-9-percent-of-children-has-been-on-the-rise-since-the-ear_729723_.jpg?content=1" title="Asthma, which affects close to 9 percent of children, has been on the rise since the early 1980s, ac... - (Getty Images)" />
- eat a healthy breakfast, Asta adds. She recommends families take a good look at their calendars before the school year begins. Ask yourself, “What’s your schedule and what’s your child’s schedule?” she suggests. “How are you going to pull it off?”" data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-6-of-11-asta-is-sick-of-writing-notes-scolding-schools-about-the-amount-of-homework-they-assig_407229_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="Asta is sick of writing notes scolding schools about the amount of homework they assign. “Last year,... - (Tetra Images)" />
5. An overpacked schedule
- data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But that doesn't mean they're avoiding all sexual activities that can cause sexually transmitted diseases, namely HPV, says Theodore, who's seen children as young as 10 with the condition. That’s why she urges parents to, peer pressure and how they can respond early on. It’s also important to , which can lead to cancer, she says. “It’s a shame to see a child have cancer from something that could have prevented.”" src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-7-of-11-first-the-good-news-teens-today-are-far-more-likely-to-delay-sex-than-their-parents-we_722459_.jpg?content=1" title="First, the good news: Teens today are far more likely to delay sex than their parents were at that a... - (iStockPhoto)" />
6. Sexually transmitted diseases
- depression and anxiety when, say, they’re excluded from social events. To keep your kids’ people skills up to snuff, initiate a no-technology rule at family dinners, Theodore suggests, and ask everyone to share the “peaks and pits” of their days." data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-8-of-11-if-you-can-tweet-why-talk-if-you-can-send-an-emoji-why-smile-if-you-can-like-why-verba_191236_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="If you can tweet, why talk? If you can send an emoji, why smile? If you can “like,” why verbalize a ... - iStockPhoto" />
7. Poor social skills
- survey from the American Psychological Association found that teens’ self-reported stress levels are higher than those of adults during the school year. That type of pressure exacerbates all physical and psychological disorders, including depression, Theodore says. One solution: simply spending quality time with your kids. “If you have … parents who talk to you, model good eating behaviors and teach you about coping skills and problem-solving skills," she says, "children will fare much better.”" data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-9-of-11-school-psychologists-see-a-lot-of-young-perfectionists-these-days-theodore-says-they-v_883207_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="School psychologists see a lot of young perfectionists these days, Theodore says. “They’ve gotta get... - (Getty Images)" />
- concussion risk. Young kids who tumble off the swing set or topple from their bikes can also suffer traumatic brain injuries, which can manifest as difficulty concentrating, headaches, light sensitivity, memory problems and more, Mattey says. If you notice those symptoms or others such as changes in mood or sleep after a knock to the head, encourage your child to rest and talk to his or her teachers about lightening the workload if necessary, the American Academy of Pediatrics. If symptoms worsen, talk to your pediatrician immediately." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-10-of-11-just-because-your-son-isnt-a-high-school-football-star-doesnt-mean-hes-in-the-clear-w_283573_.jpg?content=1" title="Just because your son isn't a high school football star doesn't mean he's in the clear when it comes... - (Getty Images)" />
- study from the Cyberbullying Research Center, for example, found that more than one-third of 11- to 15-year-olds have been cyberbullied. "We're seeing [mental health] issues magnetized because of social media," Theodore says. To help your kids cope with this and other health issues, first listen to and validate them, and then don't hesitate to reach out to school staff, Mattey adds. "The school wants to work with your child," she says. "We want your kids to succeed."" data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-11-of-11-bullying-is-not-a-modern-phenomenon-but-its-inability-to-be-left-at-the-schoolyard-wh_797865_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="Bullying is not a modern phenomenon, but its inability to be left at the schoolyard when the dismiss... - (Getty Images)" />
Studies Question Link Between Mom's Antidepressant Use, Autism in Kids
After accounting for other factors that raise chances of the disorder, the increased risk disappeared"For a woman who needs to take this medication for her mental health and for her psychiatric stability, these results certainly suggest she shouldn't go without treatment," said Dr. Simone Vigod, senior author of one study and a psychiatrist at Women's College Hospital in Toronto.
For some children with attention deficit disorder ( ADHD ), who Welcoming Friends of All Sizes. As parents report, youngsters with ADHD often do better socially with But, as I’ve assured many worried moms, friendships with younger kids allow your child to take on a leadership role , a dynamic that peer
Although ADHD certainly brings unique challenges to social relationships, information and resources are available to help adults with ADHD improve their social skills. Most of this information is based upon sound clinical practice and research on social skills and ADHD in children and adolescents
Objectivity About Environment, Age
It’s also important to remain objective when assessing. Gilbert, who has a child with ADHD, uses the example of a child’s home and school environment, explaining how behavioral observations in certain settings can vary and perhaps spur hastily drawn conclusions about a child having the disorder in the first place. There are often differences between home environments and school settings regarding what’s expected of a child at a certain age, all of which can often be subjective, Gilbert says. “The question to ask is, ‘How significantly are these behaviors impacting a child’s growth in terms of learning, development and social emotional adjustment across settings?’”
A teacher, she explains, may express concerns over a child’sto parents, noting that it differs from other students in the classroom. However, upon hearing about these behaviors, a parent may deem the actions completely normal since they’re commonly observed at home.
Another professional,, a family therapist in Westlake Village, California, further illustrates this point. “Many parents have told me that while their child qualified for an ADHD diagnosis at school, the mother home-schooled the child and the ADHD behaviors disappeared. The point here is that kids behave differently in different contexts.”
What Is Adult ADHD?
ADHD is usually diagnosed in childhood, but symptoms often follow a person into adulthood. Here are five things you may not know about adult ADHD.The condition is usually diagnosed at a young age and the symptoms often follow a person into adulthood. In the video below, Health magazine outlines five things you may not know about adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Rick talks about the delayed social development in many people with ADHD , which may seem like youthful vitality and energy . More videos at
Kids with ADHD can be two or more years behaviorally behind their peers. Part of this is simply because they lack the impulse filters their peers have. Thus, while most kids have learned to stifle there impulses better as they age - ADHD kids lack the ability to do so. Medication should help this.
In fact, thesays a child should never be given an ADHD diagnosis “just because they’re different from their friends or siblings,” adding that “most healthy children are inattentive, hyperactive or impulsive at one time or another.”
Gilbert encourages parents to assess their young child’s environment – to include the age of the others in their group – with a critical eye. Using the example of school settings, she explains the importance of assessing whether certain behaviors simply stem from being the oldest among a group of children in the same grade, or whether this older child truly demonstrates behaviors indicative of ADHD.
“I often counsel parents to consider the comparison group to which their children are being compared,” Gilbert says, adding that she also likes to find out from parents where the child is developmentally. Asking this, she says, can help both parents and teachers avoid coming to an immaturity conclusion when, in fact, there may be a “budding ADHD process” taking place.
- New York-based pediatrician. "Go through every room and see, at eye level, what their child can get into. And that will help them baby-proof." Here's what to do throughout your home to." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-1-of-12-it-starts-from-the-time-you-place-your-newborn-in-the-bassinet-continues-when-your-bab_306611_.jpg?content=1" title="It starts from the time you place your newborn in the bassinet, continues when your baby starts craw... - (Getty Images)" />
Childproofing is an ongoing process.
- Safe Kids Worldwide, dedicated to preventing childhood injuries. In high chairs, buckle all safety straps and snap on the tray. Don't place the chair near a table or counter to avoid children pushing against these surfaces and tipping the chair, theadvises. Never let your child stand in his or her high chair, the AAP warns. Freestanding high chairs are considered safer than baby seats that hook onto a table." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-2-of-12-with-their-large-heads-and-relatively-small-bodies-babies-and-tots-cant-reliably-balan_991394_.jpg?content=1" title="With their large heads and relatively small bodies, babies and tots can't reliably balance themselve... - (Getty Images)" />
Buckle up in the dining room.
Secure all stairways.
- laundry detergent packets can be dangerous – even deadly – for children. Parents who would never expose their children to bleach bottles might casually toss a laundry pod on top of a basket of dirty clothes. But because laundry pods contain concentrated detergent and are made to dissolve, they pose a risk. "Kids who are creepers and crawlers are slobbering because they're teething," Carr says. "They put everything in their mouth." Household products such as detergents, cleansers and bleaches should be kept in a locked cabinet, says DiMaggio, who is also an attending pediatric associate atand clinical instructor of pediatrics at NYU Langone School of Medicine." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-4-of-12-compact-and-colorful-a-href-http-www-usnews-com-news-articles-2016-04-25-kids-increasi_764975_.img?content=1" title="Compact and colorful laundry detergent packets can be dangerous – even deadly – for children. Parent... - (Getty Images)" />
Look out for laundry products.
Eye furniture for potential fall risks.
- safe sleep at home include keeping cribs and bassinets free of toys, blankets and bumpers;and choosing cribs that meet federal safety standards." src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-6-of-12-co-sleeping-with-parents-is-unsafe-for-babies-because-it-puts-them-at-risk-for-sudden-_363624_.img?content=1" title="Co-sleeping with parents is unsafe for babies because it puts them at risk for sudden infant death s... - (Getty Images)" />
Keep bedrooms safe for sleeping.
- arrange medications by daily doses come with a significant drawback – most are not childproof. Kids accidentally ingesting medicine is a major health issue, which can especially come into play when grandparents visit, for instance. "Older adults tend to take more medication than younger adults," Carr notes. A pill container left within easy access is attractive "because kids will want to imitate what adults do," she says. Pediatrician DiMaggio says, "We always recommend keeping medications in the childproof containers – not to move them into another place. And keeping them high up so the child can't get into it, or in locked cabinets."" data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-7-of-12-pill-containers-used-to-a-href-http-health-usnews-com-health-news-patient-advice-slide_41545_.img?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="Pill containers used to arrange medications by daily doses come with a significant drawback – most a... - (Getty Images)" />
Be vigilant with medication storage.
Prepare food to prevent choking.
- hearing aids." data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-9-of-12-swallowing-hazards-can-be-anywhere-from-your-living-room-floor-to-the-nursery-changing_819865_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="Swallowing hazards can be anywhere, from your living room floor to the nursery changing table. While... - (Getty Images)" />
Consider everything to be edible.
- hazardous to tender skin. "A scald and a burn can damage a child's skin for life," Carr says. Regulate settings for your home hot-water faucets to keep water temperature below 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, block fireplaces and stoves, and keep space heaters and irons unplugged and out of reach. Sharp knives can hurt toddlers who rummage through an open dishwasher. If you keep guns in your household, make sure firearms and ammunition are locked up and stored separately. The AAP encourages parents to ask "Is there an unlocked gun in your house?" before sending their child over to play with friends." data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-10-of-12-a-coffee-maker-on-the-counter-or-table-edge-or-a-pot-handle-sticking-out-from-a-hot-s_248779_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="A coffee maker on the counter or table edge or a pot handle sticking out from a hot stove; even a cu... - (Getty Images)" />
Avoid scald, slicing and firearm risks.
- pools – make sure pool gates are closed and locked. At pool parties, keep your eyes on children at all times, and make sure life vests stay on." data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-11-of-12-bathtubs-where-small-children-splash-even-buckets-used-for-routine-housecleaning-can-_35169_.jpg?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="Bathtubs where small children splash, even buckets used for routine housecleaning, can unfortunately... - (Getty Images)" />
Watch out for drowning hazards.
- carbon monoxide poisoning – and young kids are particularly vulnerable. Install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors on every floor of your home." data-src="/upload/images/real/2017/04/14/slide-12-of-12-its-easy-to-overlook-them-on-your-ceiling-but-smoke-detectors-and-carbon-monoxide-sen_776115_.img?content=1" src="/img/no_img/content/no_img_content_flip.jpg" lazyload="lazyload" title="It's easy to overlook them on your ceiling, but smoke detectors and carbon monoxide sensors save liv... - (iStockphoto)" />
Check smoke alarms and carbon monoxide sensors.
Why Kids Can't Control Their Impulses
A new study sheds light on why adults have better impulse control.A new study published in Current Biology looks into how our brains develop executive functions from adolescence into adulthood. Executive functions help adults perform tasks such as managing time, staying organized, multitasking and remembering details, writes WebMD. They also help people control their impulses. The researchers essentially mapped the brain to show how we grow and develop in important capacities such as self-control.
Children with ADHD generally have deficits in executive function Their relative emotional immaturity can make them stand out among children their own age, and make them targets for unfriendly teasing. Role - play various social scenarios with your child. Trade roles often and try to make it fun.
When it comes to hyperactivity disorders such as ADHD , there’s no debate that diagnoses are on the rise amongst America’s youth. What is debated, however, is the best way to treat ADHD . Until recently, it seemed that thrusting a pill at children was the standard treatment. But more experts are beginning
The Difference a Year Makes
Paying close attention to varying ages in school settings matters to Wedge as well. She says the age that a child enters school can impact ADHD diagnoses, noting that “being born just before the kindergarten eligibility date increases a child’s chances of being diagnosed with ADHD.”
“Children who are among the oldest in their classrooms have a significant academic and social edge over their younger classmates.” Wedge says younger children have shorterand therefore may tend to “goof around” more than an older classmate who is able to focus more and sit still longer.
She stresses that six months or a year “means a lot of difference in maturity” for a 5-year-old, explaining that while a child may be intellectually prepared for kindergarten, he or she may not necessarily be prepared socially.
“My own grandson has an August birthday,” Wedge says. “He entered kindergarten just after turning 5. His parents thought he was too bored at home. He got through kindergarten, but struggled to keep up with his first grade class. He was simply too immature to focus for long hours in the classroom. He repeated kindergarten at a new school and now is doing well in second grade.”
Wedge and Gilbert encourage parents to embrace and understand their child’s immaturity, and offer recommendations. Of course, it’s up to each family to proceed in a manner they feel is best for their own child, working in tandem with professionals.
For starters, Wedge suggests not rushing a child into school. If a child starts school at age 5 1/2 or 6, she says, they’ll be more likely to gain an academic and social edge.
However, parents should discuss this option with educators. A National Education Associationstates that while the organization recommends “5 be the uniform entrance age for kindergarten,” flexibility in age requirements may be considered. “In joint consultation with parents and teachers, a school district should be allowed to make case-by-case exceptions to age requirements,” the brief says.
When it comes to school settings, Gilbert stresses the environment can be a factor in a child’s behavior. In one setting, she explains, a teacher may suggest a child is out of control, but in a different learning environment that’s perhaps smaller and more nurturing, the child may respond differently. According to the APA, “Children with ADHD can benefit from study skills instruction, changes to the classroom setup, alternative teaching techniques and a modified curriculum.”
Finally, Wedge urges parents not to confuse behaviors that may be typical for a fun-loving, young child with having ADHD. "Don’t mistake mischievous or clownish behavior for ADHD. It may simply be immaturity."
Copyright 2017 U.S. News & World Report
How to Help Someone Else Who Has Depression .
Sympathy and proactive support can encourage a loved one to seek treatment.Depression can be devastating to those afflicted with the disease, but the toll it takes doesn’t end there. Friends and loves ones are affected, too. They can see the damage the disease is causing, but may feel helpless or confused about what to do to assist.