•   
  •   
  •   

Health & Fit Cigarette filters may increase lung cancer risk

01:15  23 may  2017
01:15  23 may  2017 Source:   reuters.com

Italian-style coffee may protect against prostate cancer

  Italian-style coffee may protect against prostate cancer A new study found men who drank a few daily cups of Italian-style coffee had a reduced risk of developing prostate cancer.“In recent years we have seen a number of international studies on this issue,” said study author George Pounis, in a press release. “But scientific evidence has been considered insufficient to draw conclusions. Moreover, in some cases results were contradictory. Our goal, therefore, was to increase knowledge in this field and to provide a clearer view.

Cigarette filters , introduced decades ago to reduce the amount of tar smokers inhale, also alter other properties of smoke and smoking in a way that Shields and his team review the evidence linking cigarette filter ventilation to these increased rates of lung cancer in a report online May 22nd in the

“The evidence shows that more modern cigarettes are more risky for lung cancer ,” Shields said. “There are reasons in addition to the holes that also can contribute to the increasing risk , but one Having filters may indeed be safer, Shields clarified. “This study is about the holes on the filters .

(video provided by Wochit News)

The Link Between Alcohol and Breast Cancer Is Stronger

  The Link Between Alcohol and Breast Cancer Is Stronger The scientific link between alcohol and breast cancer is strong, but most of the research backing it has been done in white women, not diverse groups of women. Now, in a new analysis published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, scientists find the same risk among black women. They studied more than 22,000 women in the African-American Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk Consortium, in which the women answered questionnaires about their alcohol habits. Their answers were correlated with records of breast cancer diagnoses. Women who reported drinking more than seven drinks a week had a higher risk of breast cancer of nearly all types compared to women who drank less. Women who drank 14 or more alcohol beverages weekly had a 33% higher chance of developing breast cancer than women who drank four or fewer beverages a week. MORE: The Alcohol-Cancer Link Is 'Strong,' One Expert Warns The findings strengthen what's already known about alcohol as a risk factor for breast cancer. Researchers believe alcohol can boost estrogen levels, which then feed certain types of breast cancer. In some cases, alcohol may also damage DNA in breast cells, causing them to grow abnormally. This article was originally published on TIME.

Your risk of lung cancer may be higher if your parents, brothers or sisters, or children have had lung cancer . This could be true because they also smoke, or they live or work in the same place where they are exposed to radon and other substances that can cause lung cancer . Radiation Therapy to the

Modern cigarette filters may actually increase the rate of cancer . Credit:Nic Walker. "Now it turns out that they are likely to increase the risks of But since the design was perfected in the 1960s, the incidence of lung adenocarcinoma - a type of lung cancer - has risen among smokers and makes up

(Reuters Health) - Cigarette filters, introduced decades ago to reduce the amount of “tar” smokers inhale, also alter other properties of smoke and smoking in a way that raises the risk of lung cancer, researchers say.

This Week's Circulars

In a review of research on changes in lung cancer rates, and changes in the types of lung cancer that are most common, the study authors argue that tiny ventilation holes in virtually all cigarettes sold today are creating a new health risk.

"The design of cigarette filters that have ventilation can make the cigarettes even more dangerous, because those holes can change how the tobacco burns, allow smokers to inhale more smoke and to think that the smoke is safer because it is smoother,” senior author Dr. Peter D. Shields from The Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Center in Columbus told Reuters Health by email.

Endometriosis May Be Linked To Cancer In Women

  Endometriosis May Be Linked To Cancer In Women Researchers identify a cancer-causing gene mutation in some women with endometriosis, suggesting the condition could be linked to cancer.In a study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from Canada found cancer-causing gene mutations in the pelvic lesions of women with endometriosis, The Vancouver Sun reported. Although a low number of endometriosis cases are linked to ovarian cancer, the condition is typically considered to be non cancerous.The new findings suggests that doctors may now have to take a new approach to this condition.

You may have heard that the risk of lung cancer appears to increase between one and four years after smoking cessation. The addition of filters to cigarettes has changed the landscape of lung cancer to some degree. It's thought that people who smoke filtered cigarettes throughout life are 20

Many risk factors may increase your chance of developing lung cancer . This guide will help you Smoking menthol cigarettes might increase the risk even more since the menthol may allow A susceptibility locus on chromosome 6q greatly increases lung cancer risk among light and never

“This applies to all cigarettes, because almost all the cigarettes on the market have the holes, not just the ones that used to be called lights and ultra-lights,” he noted.

Although rates of lung cancer in the population have fallen with declines in smoking overall, rates of lung cancer among smokers have risen significantly, the researchers point out. And the type of lung cancer associated with smoking has also shifted since the 1950s.

Rates of adenocarcinoma of the lung, the lung cancer most associated with smoking, have more than quadrupled in men and increased eight-fold in women along with changes in the design and composition of cigarettes since the 1950s, the researchers write.

Shields and his team review the evidence linking cigarette filter ventilation to these increased rates of lung cancer in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Filter ventilation reduces the amount of tar in the cigarette smoke when tested on smoking machines, but the increased ventilation and slower tobacco burn result in more puffs per cigarette and more toxic cancer-causing chemicals being inhaled by smokers, they write.

Study finds a scary link between sugar and some kinds of lung cancer

  Study finds a scary link between sugar and some kinds of lung cancer Some kinds of lung cancer tumors really like sugar, and blocking that sweet tooth might offer a way to treat the disease, researchers reported Friday.The team at the University of Texas at Dallas were looking for simpler ways to tell one kind of cancer cell from another. They discovered that squamous cell tumors — which account for about 25 percent to 30 percent of lung cancer tumors — slurp up more sugar than other types.

It may also cause cancer of the pancreas. Moreover, daily cigar smokers, particularly those who inhale, are at increased risk for developing heart disease There is no safe level of smoking. Smoking even just one cigarette per day over a lifetime can cause smoking-related cancers ( lung , bladder, and

Cigarette smoking causes 87% of lung cancer deaths and is responsible for most cancers of the larynx, oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus and bladder, according to NIH’s National Cancer Institute (NCI). A group of researchers from the Universities of Minnesota and Pennsylvania, with funding from

“The use of the ventilation holes yields lower tar only on a machine,” Shields said. “Machines have nothing to do with actual exposures in humans. The holes let them actually inhale more smoke with more cancer-causing agents.”

Because of the claims of lower tar content, though, smokers develop the false belief that a lower tar cigarette is a healthier cigarette, Shields' team writes.

Increased filter ventilation also results in smaller particle size, allowing more smoke to reach vulnerable parts of the lung.

Moreover, even though machine-measured tar and nicotine levels have decreased over time, there has been no appreciable change in daily nicotine intake among smokers over the past 25 years, they write.

“The evidence shows that more modern cigarettes are more risky for lung cancer,” Shields said. “There are reasons in addition to the holes that also can contribute to the increasing risk, but one does not preclude the other.”

Cigarette designs could and should be regulated to address all the possible reasons, Shields said.

“The holes have no health benefits; they serve no health purpose,” he explained. “They do not lower tar delivery to people. So, if they have the potential harm, the FDA can act, even if the science is not perfect. The FDA can require cigarette manufacturers to make filters without the holes. This is easy and they are doing it for some brands already.”

Science Has Determined the Exact Amount of Alcohol That Increases Breast Cancer Risk

  Science Has Determined the Exact Amount of Alcohol That Increases Breast Cancer Risk Drinking as little as one glass of wine, beer, or any other type of alcohol a day may raise your risk of breast cancer.Drinking as little as one glass of wine, beer, or any other type of alcohol a day may raise your risk of breast cancer, according to a new study by the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) and the World Cancer Research Fund. Approximately 252,710 cases of invasive breast cancer are diagnosed in women each year, and of that number, around 40,610 die, according to the American Cancer Society.

Having filters may indeed be safer, Shields clarified. “This study is about the holes on the filters. We are not saying to remove filters, only to change their designs by removing the holes on the filters.”

“The FDA now has the authority to require the elimination of filter ventilation, as ventilation does not serve any public health purpose and instead provides a false promise of reduced risk,” the study team concludes.

“This single action for banning filter ventilation by the FDA is scientifically justified, and within its mandate to improve the public health,” they write.

There is some precedent for the ban Shields and colleagues propose, Jonathan M. Samet and Lilit Aladadyan, both from the Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science at the Keck School of Medicine of USC and the USC Institute for Global Health in Los Angeles, write in an accompanying editorial.

The evidence gathered by Shields’ team seems strong enough to support FDA action, and “given a lack of evidence for countervailing harms, ending filter ventilation could be a ‘no regrets’ action that would benefit public health,” they write.

SOURCE: http://bit.ly/2rJhNyy and http://bit.ly/2rJKjA9 Journal of the National Cancer Institute, online May 22, 2017.

Working at night would increase the risk of developing cancer .
© Prisma Media image / jpeg We know that shift work is not the best for health … But work the night could have even more harmful effects than previously thought. According to a study by American researchers, published in Occupational & Environmental Medicine, night work could increase the risk of developing cancer .

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!