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Health & Fit COVID-19 Vaccine During Pregnancy: Everything Parents Should Know

06:25  24 november  2020
06:25  24 november  2020 Source:   parents.com

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The effect of COVID - 19 infection on pregnancy is not completely known because of the lack of reliable data. If there is increased risk to pregnant women and fetuses, so far it has not been readily detectable. Predictions based on similar infections such as SARS and MERS suggest that pregnant women are

As a parent , you want to do everything you can to protect your child. The coronavirus disease ( COVID - 19 ) pandemic has brought with it new challenges for families across the globe. UNICEF Parenting is here to be your partner in navigating this health crisis by providing you with accurate

The race for a coronavirus vaccine continues, and researchers have made significant progress in recent weeks. But as of now, pregnant people haven’t been included in any clinical trials. We don’t yet know the implications, but it’s possible that the exclusion could delay the availability of the vaccine for expectant parents. We spoke with experts to learn everything you need to know about the COVID-19 vaccine for pregnant people.

a person sitting on a bed: Getty Images © Provided by Parents Getty Images a person sitting on a bed: So far, pregnant women haven’t been included in COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials. Will this affect the availability of the vaccine for expectant parents? We spoke with experts to learn more. © Getty Images So far, pregnant women haven’t been included in COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials. Will this affect the availability of the vaccine for expectant parents? We spoke with experts to learn more.
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Why Aren't Pregnant Women Included in COVID-19 Vaccine Trials?

Before a COVID-19 vaccine is released to the public, it has to undergo strict testing through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The White House’s Operation Warp Speed, which aims to deliver 300 million vaccine doses by January 2021, has been helping researchers complete clinical trials in record time. The trials mainly include healthy adults without underlying health conditions, according to Christine Turley, M.D., Pediatrics Specialist and vice chair of research at Atrium Health Levine Children’s. As of now, pregnant women have been completely excluded.

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Does COVID - 19 affect children? This is a new virus and we are still learning how it affects children or pregnant women. We know it is possible for people of any age to be While traveling, all parents should follow standard hygiene measures for themselves and their children, such as washing hands

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It’s actually the norm for expectant parents to be left out of clinical trials. “Pregnant women are a complex group of individuals to include in any research,” says Dr. Turley, adding that pregnancy itself is considered an “immunocompromised state.” Experts simply don’t understand the risks to the fetus, and they don’t want to put any lives in danger.

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It’s possible that expectant parents will be included in later trial stages, when the vaccine’s safety is better understood. “Usually trials with [pregnant women] start later, after deemed safe in other groups,” explains Purvi Parikh, M.D., an allergist and immunologist with the Allergy and Asthma Network and co-investigator on the vaccine trials. “I hope as we get more safety data, pregnant women are included in trials.” In fact, Pfizer has indicated that they’re currently looking into ways to include pregnant people in the trials.

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Woman believes parents caught COVID - 19 from her after she wasn't given test COVID - 19 and Pregnancy - Продолжительность: 14:53 Rochester Regional Health Recommended for you. What To Know About COVID - 19 for Pregnancy , Birth and Baby | Boosting Immune System During

What Are the Downsides to Excluding Pregnant Women?

While researchers are trying to keep pregnant people safe, many doctors-GYNs are concerned about their exclusion from clinical trials. “Emerging data suggests that pregnant women are more likely to experience severe disease from COVID-19,” says Lorene Temming, M.D., Medical Director of Labor and Delivery, maternal-fetal medicine specialist, and Director of the Medical Student Clerkship program at Atrium Health.

Indeed, a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) studied COVID-19 symptoms in women aged 15-44 years. Researchers found that “intensive care unit admission, invasive ventilation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and death were more likely in pregnant women than in nonpregnant women,” according to the report. Dr. Temming adds that COVID-19 might also increase the chances of miscarriage, preterm birth, and pregnancy complications.

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Which vaccines during pregnancy are recommended and which ones should I avoid? Getting the flu shot and the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy can protect you from infection and can also help protect your Recommended adult immunization schedule for ages 19 or older, United States, 2019.

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Given this information, it makes sense that pregnant women should have access to a vaccine ASAP. It could decrease the risk of dangerous complications, potentially saving the lives of mothers and their babies. That’s why so many healthcare experts are pushing for the inclusion of pregnant people in the trials.

When Will a Vaccine Be Available for Pregnant Women?

Vaccine candidates are hoping to receive “emergency use authorization” from the FDA by Christmas. In fact, one of the frontrunners (Pfizer) is already planning to apply for it. Emergency use authorization would make the vaccine available to high-risk individuals, such as healthcare workers and the elderly. Assuming everything goes well in subsequent testing and research, the vaccine should receive final FDA approval a few months later, which would approve it from widespread community use.

Many experts, including Dr. Turley and Dr. Parikh, are hopeful that a vaccine will be ready for the public in the middle of 2021. It’s possible that the vaccine will also be available for pregnant women at this time. It’s also possible that experts will hold off until more testing is done. Experts need more research before determining a timeline.

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“Hopefully, as we learn more, pregnant women can be included in trials,” says Dr. Parikh. “But given the public health threat, we may have to recommend or vaccinate pregnant women without all of the data, since the benefits of the vaccine outweigh risks of infection. We may have [to make decisions] based on data from women of childbearing age who are not pregnant, or data from trial participants who accidentally become pregnant in the trials.” Pregnant healthcare workers who contract COVID-19 might also serve as an example.

How to Protect Against COVID-19 in Pregnancy

Whether or not pregnant women can receive the COVID-19 vaccine, there are ways to limit exposure to the virus. Perhaps the best prevention method, says Dr. Temming, is creating a “bubble of protection” around expectant parents. This means that partners, family members, and other close contacts should be vaccinated, so if they’re ever exposed to the coronavirus, they have a smaller chance of transmitting it to the expectant parent.

Experts also stress the importance of other COVID-19 prevention methods: social distancing, wearing masks in public places, washing your hands, and avoiding unnecessary activities.Make sure you are in the best health possible so that if you do get sick, your body and immune system is able to fight it,” says Dr. Parikh. “This includes appropriate doctors visits, vitamins, getting other vaccines like the flu shot, and proper sleep and nutrition.”

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