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Health & Fit Grusel Fund in the UK: For bats, a new Corona virus was discovered

15:31  22 july  2021
15:31  22 july  2021 Source:   businessinsider.de

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on almost every continent there are bats, also in Germany also populate roof floors or flutter at night through the park. And contrary to common grusmyths, they fulfill important functions in the ecosystem, eat insects or dust and spread plants. However, the small hairy flutters are their hostility for potentially zoonotic, ie between man and animal, viruses. As the science magazine "Scinexx" writes, Ebola breakouts as well as the diseases of SARS or MERS go back to bat viruses.

straight for Coronaviren - which also belongs to the COV-COV-2 responsible for the current pandemic - bats are considered the most important reservoir. As the "Focus" writes , carry more than 3,000 different coronaviruses worldwide, each animal on average 2.7 species. Before you can skip on people, you have to mutate. So far, bats in South China and Southeast Asia have been considered as a carrier potentially zoonotic coronaviruses, because their stocks were strongly grown. However, shows a new study that can also accommodate bats in Europe Coronavians from the subgroup of Sarbecoviren - which also belong to SARS COV and SARS COV-2 - and even found a completely new Corona specimen.

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new virus is not directly transferable to humans

The research team has examined feces of so-called small horseshoe lugs in England and Wales. No coronaviruses had yet been proved in this bat style, so the "FOCUS". Now the scientists were found. The team discovered the gene signatures of a still unknown, now RhGB01 Coronavirus Art. RhGB01 is the first sarbecovirus proven in the United Kingdom. "Our research expands both the geographical distribution of these virus types as well as the scope of the species they are infested," says co-author and biology professor Diana Bell from the University of East Anglia in a press release .

However, the newly discovered Coronavirus is not transferable directly to humans. "This British virus is not a threat to us humans", apps co-author Professor Andrew Cunningham. Because the area on the surface over which the virus docks to the host cell is not compatible with human cells. Also differs from SARS-COV-2 RhGB01: Your genetic codes are only in line with 79 percent and the new addition is missing in comparison to the pandemic virus even a whole gen.

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in co-infection with SARS-COV-2 would be possible to cross the viruses Nevertheless, the researchers do not give the researchers, because it is quite possible that the two rather different sarbecovires cross - for example, if a bat infected with RHGB01 infected with SARS COV-2. Hybridizations could create new viruses. So it is crucial to "prevent the transfer of SARS COV-2 from man to bats and thus reduce the possibilities of new virus mutations," says Cunningham.

The research team also demands not to underestimate the spread of sarbecoviruses and their mutation options. "The results underline the need for robust genotype tests for these virus species in bat populations around the world," said Bell. In addition, direct contact between humans and bat, especially in view of a possible intersection of different sarbecoviruses, should be prevented: "We need to introduce globally strict rules for dealing with bats and other wildlife."

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  Grusel-Fund in Großbritannien: Bei Fledermäusen wurde ein neues Corona-Virus entdeckt © Provided by Business Insider Germany SB

Die Zwergfledermaus ist die häufigste Fledermausart in Deutschland. © Rudmer Zwerver / Shutterstock The dwarf bat is the most common bat in Germany.

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Because another one may be in our future.“We failed dismally,” says Amesh Adalja, M.D., an adjunct assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, who has served on government panels that developed guidelines for infectious disease emergencies. At press time, the United States’ reported cumulative COVID-19 death toll neared 600,000, according to Our World in Data — roughly the population of the city of Baltimore. It currently stands at 1,807 deaths per million people, compared to just 5 deaths per million in New Zealand or 36 deaths per million in Australia.

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