Health & Fit 1.27 million deaths in 2019: the danger of antibiotic resistant bacteria

11:45  21 january  2022
11:45  21 january  2022 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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L’usage massif des antibiotiques pour les humains, mais aussi l’élevage, est en cause. © Arnaud Roiné West-France Archives The massive use of antibiotics for humans, but also breeding, is involved.

A new study, the most complete to date, confirms the threat of resistant bacteria around the world. They directly resulted in the death of 1.27 million people in 2019 and 4.9 million people would be died of causes associated with antibiure resistance.

The threat of a pandemic of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been invoked by specialists for years. An Study of the Global Research On Antimicrobial Resistance , the flagship research project led by the universities of Oxford and Washington, but involving more than 3,500 researchers, says the danger.

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In 2019, 4.9 million people would be died of causes associated with antibioresistance. 1.27 million people would have succumbed directly to infections, according to data from 203 countries. Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected, the least impacted Oceania.

The most mortal diseases are respiratory infections (1.5 million associated deaths), and six bacteria have particularly worrying strains. Among them, the highly common Escherichia coli, followed by Staphyloccocus aureus (the golden staphylococcus) and Klebsellia pneumoniae. If the latter is mortiferous in high-income countries, it is she, who causes the most death in sub-Saharan Africa.

In question: the massive use of

antibiotics at the global level, staphylococci strains resistant to meticillin, antibiotic specifically used against this type of bacterium, have, alone, caused more than 100,000 deaths. The other most fatal bacteria are multi-resistant.

The massive use of antibiotics in human health, but also animal, is the cause of the development of these antibiotesistance. In recent years, following the World Health Organization's action plan (WHO, 2015), financial incentives and more flexible authorization procedures, some new antibiotics have arrived on the market, without the threat is judged.

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This is interesting!