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Style Is Your Skin Actually Sensitive or Just Sensitized?

23:15  25 november  2021
23:15  25 november  2021 Source:   instyle.com

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Both sensitive skin and sensitized skin can show signs of “redness (including blotchiness and overactive capillaries), a compromised skin barrier, dehydration (the lack of water will make your skin appear dull and uneven) and itching, potentially including small bumps and a rash-like appearance,” explains Sofia Rhalimi, the lead esthetician at skoah Boston. “Outside of getting a professional opinion, the big tell is whether the symptoms are chronic or if they only appear intermittently—if the latter, it is probably sensitized skin .”

Sensitive vs. Sensitized Skin : How to Tell the Difference. I reserve the diagnosis of sensitive skin for someone who has a long history of skin rashes. For example, when a patient comes to me with a history of childhood eczema, or knowing that they have specific allergies to topically applied ingredients (diagnosed when you have a skin patch test), or a skin biopsy that has shown rosacea, I categorize them as sensitive . It’s my responsibility as a dermatologist to see if I can help my patients find a regimen and products that they can use that don’t irritate or make them red, itchy or otherwise

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Let's set the scene: After seeing your favorite skincare brand's new exfoliating serum go viral on Instagram, you're influenced to try it. So you head to Sephora, pick up a bottle, and immediately slather it on your face when you get home. The only problem? Instead of smooth, glowy skin like the bottle promises, your face is red, blotchy, and maybe even itchy.

Dermatologists help answer the increasingly common question. © Getty Images Dermatologists help answer the increasingly common question.

With skincare brands trying to outdo one another by launching products with the highest levels of active ingredients possible, the above scenario is becoming all too common. A 2019 study found that 60 to 70% of women reported having sensitive skin, characterized by the symptoms we listed above.

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If you have sensitive skin , you probably also have many questions. WebMD went to the experts to find the answers to 20 common questions about sensitive skin . 16. Are skin care products labeled “hypoallergenic” safer for sensitive skin ? 17. How can I tell if a particular skin care or household product is likely to irritate my sensitive skin ? 18. Can healthful eating help sensitive skin ? 19. Can a child with a disease or condition related to sensitive skin outgrow it?

Unlike sensitive skin , sensitized skin is an acquired condition that can be treated and/or resolved by eliminating whatever is triggering it. With that said, Dr. Weiser notes that the hardest part of treating sensitized skin is figuring out what’s causing the sensitization . Whether your skin sensitivity is genetic and chronic or acquired and temporary, a less-is-more approach to skincare is often recommended. However, skincare products that fortify the skin barrier and restore moisture can be beneficial. Below are a few favorites that fit the bill

"I think more people claim to have sensitive skin because they may be overdoing it with skincare products or how they are using products," says Dr. Sheila Farhang, a board-certified dermatologist and the founder of Avant Dermatology in Tucson, AZ. "Stripping our natural oils by over exfoliating, using hot water to wash, rubbing with a towel instead of patting can all cause skin to feel more sensitive."

Many skincare enthusiasts chalk up bad reactions to having sensitive skin, but the reality is that skin might just be sensitized. While sensitive skin and sensitized skin look and feel similar, they're not one and the same. So, how can you tell the difference? We tapped Dr. Farhang, along with Dr. Marisa Garshick, board-certified dermatologist in New York City, help us break it down.

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Is your skin sensitive or sensitized ? Before you treat the symptoms, you need to know the real culprit. Sensitive vs. Sensitized Skin . May 25, 2020 by Kate Somerville. Nearly everyone experiences some sort of skin irritation in their lives. Whether it’s slight redness, itching, burning or even peeling, skin irritation is never fun. And while you may find it’s sometimes easier to chalk up skin irritation to simply having “ sensitive skin ”, as Skin Health Experts, we think it’s important to truly know if you’re dealing with a skin type ( sensitive ) or a skin condition ( sensitized ).

Do you hide behind the painful (and often embarrassing) symptoms of sensitive skin ? Whether your skin is sensitive or sensitized , the symptoms are actually the same. Redness, dehydration, itching and burning. Signs of sensitive skin . Thin skin texture with a translucent appearance. A feeling of tightness, which can indicate dehydration and lead to skin reactions from products. Redness or blotchiness. This signals over-reactive capillaries or a tendency toward rosacea. Flaking, peeling or cracking on the cheeks and forehead. This indicates dehydrated skin and impaired barrier function.

RELATED: How to Tell If Your Skin Is Actually Dry – Or Just Dehydrated

What's the Difference Between Sensitive Skin and Sensitized Skin?

Think of sensitized skin as a temporary situation, while sensitive skin is a skin type that will dictate the ingredients and products used in your routine, like combination or oily skin, for example.

"Sensitive skin refers to a skin type that is easily irritated or reactive, which may lead to redness, flaking, dryness, itching or burning or skin that breaks out," says Dr. Garshick. "Sensitized skin refers to skin that is temporarily reactive as a result of coming into contact with something externally."

Dr. Farhang says sensitized skin can be accompanied by other allergy symptoms. "It may be accompanied by allergy symptoms such as swollen eyes, tears, runny nose, etc.," she says. "It is important to know what the skin is easily triggered by either by keeping a diary or getting a contact allergy patch test with a dermatologist or allergist. Antihistamines may also help with symptoms."

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Your sensitive skin could actually be sensitized skin . Keep reading to learn the difference. This kind of skin sensitivity usually has direct correlations to other conditions such as allergies, asthma and rosacea. Sensitive skin is due to the genetic makeup of each individual, and sadly, you can’t fix it.. A 2018 study suggests that people with sensitive skin have an innate imbalance of lipids in their barrier function.

Whether your skin is sensitive or sensitized , the symptoms are actually the same: -Thin skin texture with a translucent appearance. -A feeling of tightness, which can indicate dehydration and lead to skin reactions from products. -Redness or blotchiness that signals over-reactive capillaries or a tendency toward rosacea. Sensitive skin you’re born with: Sensitive skin is a weak protective function of the skin that can be genetically predisposed. When skin is sensitive its protective outer layer lets irritants, microbes and allergens pass through, causing adverse reactions like stinging, pain, redness or flushing.

How Can You Tell If You Have Sensitive Skin or Sensitized Skin?

Determining whether you have sensitive or sensitized skin can be tough because as Dr. Farhang says, sensitive skin can be sensitized skin.

Sensitive skin can be easily inflamed,. "Irritation can be triggered by harsh skincare ingredients such as retinoids, lactic acid, etc., as well as chemicals such as preservatives and fragrance," she explains. "Symptoms could be redness, burning and scaling."

Whereas sensitized skin is typically a reaction to specific chemicals like preservatives or dyes, and may cause itching, redness, and scaling.

A board-certified dermatologist can make the final verdict on whether your skin is sensitive and may suggest an allergy test to rule out any specific allergens as triggers.

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How Can You Treat Sensitive Skin and Sensitized Skin?

Both dermatologists stress the importance of using gentle products that also support the skin barrier. Dr. Farhang calls out CeraVe's Hydrating Cleanser and La Roche-Posay Toleriane Double Repair Face Moisturizer as examples of a solid cleanser and moisturizer.

If Your Skin Is Too Sensitive for Retinol and Acids, Try Microdosing Instead

  If Your Skin Is Too Sensitive for Retinol and Acids, Try Microdosing Instead The slow-burn approach is picking up steam amongst people with sensitive skin. What exactly is skincare microdosing? "Skincare microdosing refers to using lower concentrations of certain active ingredients to help improve tolerability," explains Marisa Garshick, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in New York City. She adds that when using products at a lower concentration, you'll still see results, but it reduces the risk of negative reactions—especially for those with fragile and easily compromised complexions, such as those with eczema or rosacea.

For sensitized skin, avoid any specific triggers. And if you do experience a reaction, Dr. Garshick recommends applying a protective ointment, like Vaseline, on any dry, flaky, or red areas. "If the skin is sensitized, it is best to simplify your skincare routine and avoid harsh active ingredients," she adds. "In some cases it may be necessary to see a dermatologist as sometimes prescription medications may be needed to help reduce inflammation that may be a result of sensitive skin."

It's also helpful to slowly introduce any new products into your routine.

"It is best to perform a patch test to the product to test it out to determine if any reaction occurs prior to applying it all over," Dr. Garshick adds.

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