Crime "The system encourages irregular migration": the European Union pinned for its inefficient

22:55  13 september  2021
22:55  13 september  2021 Source:   leparisien.fr

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Sur environ 500 000 ressortissants de pays tiers qui reçoivent chaque année l'ordre de quitter l'UE parce qu'ils y sont entrés ou y séjournent sans autorisation, seul un tiers retourne dans leur pays d'origine, de façon volontaire ou forcée (image d'illustration). LP/Philippe de Poulpiquet returns policy provided by the Parisian on approximately 500,000 third-country nationals who receive each year the order to leave the EU. They have entered or stay there without authorization, only one third returns to their country of origin, voluntarily or forced (image of illustration). LP / Philippe of Poulpiquet

In addition to being ineffective, the European policy of the return of migrants would be counterproductive, according to the European Court of Auditors. Of the 500,000 foreigners who receive each year the Order to leave the EU because they are entered or stay there without authorization , only one third of actually returns to his country of origin or transit, voluntarily. or forced. This rate passes below 20% for returns to countries outside the European continent.

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In his audit report, which relates to the period from 2015 to the mid-2020, the European Court of Auditors considers that "the EU's actions undertaken to strengthen cooperation with third countries in respect of third countries. readmission were relevant, but (have) given little results. "

"Migrants know that returns are not effective"

for the report manager, former Maltese Leo Brincat, " The EU return system suffers from a lack of efficiency such as It produces the opposite effect of that expected: it encourages more than it discourages irregular migration, he declared at a press point. Migrants know that returns are not effective, so that can actually encourage them to come. "

To promote these returns, the EU concluded since the beginning of the 2000s readmission agreements with 18 third countries (including Albania, Bosnia, Serbia, Pakistan, Georgia, Turkey, Belarus) and open discussions with six others (Morocco , Algeria, China, Tunisia, Jordan, Nigeria).

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These agreements are parallel to the bilateral readmission agreements concluded by the Member States. The EU also negotiated between 2016 and 2018 six legally non-binding arrangements for return and readmission (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Gambia). According to the auditors, these non-binding arrangements are more successful, thanks to their modular nature.

"We recommend that the Commission (European) adopt a more flexible approach when negotiating readmission agreements, creating synergies with Member States to facilitate readmission negotiations, strengthen incentives for countries Third party and improve the collection of readmissions data ", they indicate in the report.

A "carrot and stick" policy

These incentives for readmission must be a "carrot and stick" policy, estimates Leo Brincat. The auditors note that, "among the many tools available to the EU, only one has given tangible results: its visa policy, whose revised provisions can contribute to encouraging third countries to cooperate."

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Leo Brincat emphasizes that the situation in Belarus, accused by Europeans to encourage the passages of migrants to the EU in retaliation to the sanctions taken against him as a result of political repression, shows that "if political will is missing, or If the third country decides to instrumentalize migration, a readmission agreement is of little utility. "

He insists on the need of the EU of speak "with one voice" in matter . The head of the report also deemed "disturbing" that the EU countries still have not been successful, six years after the 2015 migration crisis, to to agree on a reform of the asylum system . He hopes that this audit "feeds the debate around the new pact on the migration and asylum of the EU " presented by the European Commission in September 2020.

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